Theme and Language of William Wordsworth

 Theme of William Wordsworth:

1. William Wordsworth has chosen incidence and situation from common life in the rural areas and described them ‘in a selection of language really used by men’. But this selection of common life does not mean photographic reproduction. He has given to the ordinary incidence a coloring of imagination to present them in an unusual way. He has put forward certain reasons for choosing his themes from humble and rustic life.

a. The elemental feelings of the heart find a free and frank expression in rustic language.

b. The elemental feelings of the heart co-exist in a state if greater simplicity in rustic surroundings.

c. The manners of rustic life are not sophisticated. They spring directly from their elementary feelings and can be understood easily.

d. In the humble and rustic conditions human patients are deeply associated with the beautiful forms of nature. That is why they are more noble and permanent, then the emotions of the sophisticated people of cities.

Language of William Wordsworth:

1. Wordsworth has used the rustic language in his poems after having purified it of its coarseness and other defeats. He has put forward certain reasons for choosing the rustic language for his poetry.

a. The Rustic people can hourly communicate with the best objects of nature from which the best part of the language is derived.

b. Living in the natural and narrow circle of society and being less under the influence of social vanity, they convey feelings and emotions in a simple and unelaborated language. This language is for more philosophical and easier to understand than the artificial diction used by the neoclassical poets of the time.

2. According to Wordsworth, the language of Prose and that of Poetry are closely related with each other in their nature, function and appeal. They are composed of the same materials; they originate from the same sources and appeal to the same faculties. He gives an emotional utterance to this idea same; “Poetry shades no tears such as angels weep but natural and human blood circulates through the veins of them both”.

3. Wordsworth quotes a sonnet of Thomas Gray who always stressed the difference between the two (prose and poetry) and proves that even in poetry the language of significant lines in no respect differs from that of prose. So, he says that, “Their neither is nor can be, any essential difference between the language of prose and metrical composition”.  

4. The only difference between the two (prose and poetry) is metre. He affirms that metre is not an essential factor for poetry; it is merely a source of pleasure super added. 



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