Lady Macbeth tries to calm Macbeth.
In this scene we have observed that, after murdering King Duncan and grooms (male servants) Macbeth returns to his wife. Not surprisingly, he is disturbed by the experience.
Verse Structure: The two main protagonists of the play speak in verse in contrast with the prose of less important characters. Lady Macbeth has just been soliloquying in verse at the point when Macbeth appears.
Discoursal and pragmatic structure: There are only two characters present and so they are bound to have roughly equal members of turns. In the passage as a whole their turn size is also similar. In an average Macbeth has used 213 words per turn and Lady Macbeth 19. At first the utterance of Lady Macbeth is short but get longer towards the end.
Macbeth appears with the realization of what he has just done and Lady Macbeth struggles throughout the scene to get him back under control.
In line 20 Macbeth looks in horror at his hands which still must be covered in the blood of those he has murdered. Lady Macbeth tries to take his mind off the awfulness of his deed, but does not succeed.
Lady Macbeth tries to interact (communicate) with her husband, asking questions and issuing commands to try to get him to react.
Macbeth worries about not having been able to say ‘Amin’ and so in response to the servant’s ironic cry of ‘God Bless us’ in his sleep just before Macbeth murdered him. Lady Macbeth forbids him thinking about such things but he clearly does not have control over what thought come unbidden into his mind. He acts as if he had not even heard her, indicating the psychological salience of his realization of what he has done.
A foolish thought to say a sorry sight is an indirect command. Lady Macbeth again forbids Macbeth to say and think what he does merely.
She does not manage to get Macbeth back to normal in this scene. He directly refuses to take the daggers back to Dancan’s bed chamber and is still worrying over what he has done when she leads him to their bad-chamber to wash his hands at the end if the scene. And more importantly, Lady Macbeth does manage to get Macbeth to give her the daggers and set up the murder scene in a way which will disguise (hide) his guilt.
In the soliloquy Macbeth continually asks himself questions, both about external events and his own situations and state of mind. Sometimes he answers his own questions and sometimes not.
Point of view and Speech Presentation: Lady Macbeth and the audience can infer what he means by this because his hands are covered in blood.
Another indication of the dramatic speech is that the grooms said in their sleep, and also the mysterious voice that cried, sleep no more, Macbeth does murder sleep, in the fullest and most dramatic form of speech presentation.
Repetition, parallelism and metaphor: He uses the vague and euphemistic word dead and sleep to refer to his killing of Duncan. Macbeth repeats murder sleep two times and ‘sleep no more’ four times. The other Macbeth’s speeches are also repeated with his guilt feelings. We have already noted that he could not say Amen when one of the grooms said God bless us. ‘God Bless us’ is used two times and ‘Amen’ is used four times. Macbeth’s speeches are metaphysical (Macbeth does murder sleep and the product of the disembodied voice which Macbeth says he heard.) The word sleep which is often metaphysically associated with death is our culture. It occurs eight times in his speeches. There is one explicit parallel between sleep and death.