Rules of Transformation of Sentences

                  Rules of Transformation of Sentence  (Affirmative to Negative)

Affirmative Negative
Only/ Alone (Person)

Only Allah can help us.

Only Rahim can do the work.

None but

None but Allah can help us.

None but Rahim can do the work.

Only (Object)

He likes only sweet.

He is only smart.

Nothing but

He likes nothing but sweet.

He is nothing but smart.

Only (number/age)

He is only ten.

Not more than/ not less than

He is not more than ten.


He is too short to touch the roof.

He was too weak to speak.

Sub + verb + So…that +cannot/ could not +V1+ obj

He is so short that he cannot touch the roof.

He was so weak that he could not speak.

As soon as

As soon as the thief saw the RAB, he ran away.

No sooner had + sub + V3 ……than

No sooner had the thief seen the RAB than he ran away.

Must/am to/ is to/ are to/ have to/ has to

You must obey your teacher.

Cannot but+ V1 / Cannot help + V1 + ing

You cannot but obey your teacher.

You cannot but obeying your teacher.


He is always happy.


He is never unhappy.


There are many teachers in our college.

Not a few

There are not a few teachers in our college.

A few

He has a few friends.

Not many

He does not have many friends.

A little

He has a little rice.

Not much

He does not have much rice.


I have much money.

Not a little

I do not have a little money.

Both … and…..

Both Rahim and Karim are guilty.

Not only…..but also

Not only Rahim but also Karim are guilty.


Every mother loves her child.

There is no + noun + but + verb + …

There is no mother but loves her child.

As … as

Hasan was as wise as Karim.

Not less…. than

Hasan was not less wise than Karim.

Sub.+ Be Verb + affirmative adjective

Man is mortal.

Sub.+ Be Verb + not + affirmative adjective

Man is not immortal.

                                                                                                             Directed by

Mahbub Murd