Read the passage and answer following question
15 December 2013
(Reuters)- Nelson Mandela guided South Africa from the shackles of apartheid to a multi-racial democracy , as an icon of peace and reconciliation who came to embody the struggle for justice around the world the world .
Imprisoned for nearly three decades for his flight against white minority rule , Mandela bever lost his resolve to fight for his people’s emancipation . He was determined to bring down apartheid while avoiding a civil war . His prestige and charisma helped him win the support of the world .
I hate race discrimination most intensely and in all its manifestation . I have faught it all during my life . I will fight it now and will do so until the end of my days . Mandela said in his acceptance speech on becoming South Africa’s first black president in 1994 . “The time for the healing of wounds has come The moment to bridge the chasms that divide us has come .
‘We have , at last , achieved our political emancipation .’
In 1993, Mandela was awarded the Noble Peace Prize , an honour he shared with F.W de clerk , the white African leader who had freed him from prison three years earlier and negotiated the end of apartheid . Mandela went on to play a prominent role on the stage as an advocate of human diginity in the face of challenges ranging from political repression to AIDS. He formally left public life in Jun 2004 before his 86th birthday , telling his adoring country men : “Don’t call me . I will call you .” But he remained one of the most revered public figures , combining celebrity sparkle with an unwavering message , freedom , respect and human right.
“He is at the epicenter of our time , ours in south Africa and yours wherever you are .”
Nadine Gordimer , the south African writer and Nobel laureate for literature , once remarked .
The years Mandela spent behind bars made him the world’s most celebrated political prisoner and a leader of mythic stature for millions of black south Africans and other oppressed people far beyond his country’s borders . Charged with capital offences in 1963 Rivonia Trial , his statement from the dock was his political testimony.
“During my life time I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people . I have fought against white domination. And I have fought against white domination . I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities “ he told the court .
“It is an ideal I hope to live for and to achieve . But if needs be , it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die .”
Friends adored Mandela and fondly called him ‘Madiba’ “the clan name by which he was known. People lauded his humanity , kindness and dignity .
1.Each of the following questions has a word with four alternative meaning . Choose the word which is the closest in meaning in the context that has been used in the text .
i)The term ‘apartheid’ means ______
a.partition b. preparation c.anxiety d.discrimination
ii) What does the word ‘decade’ refers to ___________
iii. The term ‘resolve’ means ____________
a.to struggle a lot b.to find a solution c. to create brotherhood d. to decline image.
iv) The word healing’ mentioned in the passage means _____
a.climbing on the hill b. making healthy again c.purifying heart d. utilized wealth
v. What does repression’ refers to _________
a.reduction b. generosity c. attraction d.censorship
2.Answer the following questions :
a.Who guided south Africa ?
b.How many years was Mandela imprisoned ?
c. What is Mandela’s remark on race discrimination ?
d.When was Mandela awarded ‘Nobel Prize’ ?
e.What did friends call Mandela ?
3. Read the text below and fill in the gaps with clues given .
Inspire Expressed Leads To make Led
Against Accepted Fought remain Fight
Nelson Mandela is the world’s most revered public figure who __ struggle b)___ injustice and racial oppression . His views as c)___ in all his speeches can be d)______ as an epitome for human right that e)____ the world to the path of harmony and equality . Mandela f)____for south Africa g)_____her free from bondage of white domination and ultimately reached his goal leaving an example for the world people . what he did and how he i)_____ the j)____against white minority as an inspiring instance for the people to come.
4. Nelson Mandela a)_____established a multi racial democracy in South Africa . For this , he had to lead his nation . And he succeed in mission b)____ the shakles of apartheid . He c)____ an icon of peace and reconciliation . Actually he d)______ the struggle for justice around the world. Mandela had to e)_____ imprisonment for nearly three decades . He f)________ against the white minority rule . He g)____ the support of the world . He h)_____ to i)______ for people’s emancipation was his goal . He j)____ the Nobel Peace Prize .
4. Based on your reading of the passage make short notes in each of the boxes in the chart showing the different stages of Nelson Mndela . One has been done for you .
Fought against apartheid -> 1 ->2->3>4->5->6