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Jashim Uddin
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Narration
5 years ago no Comment

Problem of Persons

 

without – object second person = first person or third person
RV: subject (1st person) + verb + (no object) second person = third person

 

Examples:

Direct Narration Indirect Narration
1. He said, “You are an idiot, Suresh.”

= He said to Suresh, “You are an idiot.”

He told Suresh that he (Suresh) was an idiot.
2. He said, “You are telling a lie, Leela.”

= He said to Leela, “You are telling a lie.”

He told Leela that she (Leela) was telling a lie.
3. He said, “Where are you going, mother?”

= He said to mother, “Where are you going?”

He asked mother where she was going.
4. He said, “Don’t make a noise.”

= He said to me/him/her, “Don’t make a noise.”

He asked me/him/her not to make a noise.
5. He said, “Bring a chair.”

He said to me/him/her, “Bring a chair.”

He ordered me/him/her to bring a chair.
6. He said, “How are you?”

He said to me/him/her, “How are you?”

He asked me/him/her how I/he/she was.
7. He said, “Open the gate.”

He said to me/him/her/us/them, “Open the gate.”

He told me/him/her/us/them to open the gate.
1. He said, “Congratulations!” He congratulated me.
2. She said, “Liar!” She called me a liar.

In accordance with: W S Allen (Living English Structure)

1. He said, “Bring me a book.” He asked her (him/us etc.) to bring him a book.
2. He said, “Don’t do it.” He asked me (her/us etc.) not to do it.
3. He said, “Hello! Where are you going?” He greeted me and asked (me) where I was going.

 

In accordance with: A J Thompson A Practical English Grammar

1 . He said, “What have you got in your bag?” He asked me what I had got in my bag.
2. He said, “Why didn’t you put on the brake?” He asked her why she hadn’t put on the brake.
3. He said, “What do you want?” He asked them what they wanted.
4. He said, “Would you like a drink?” He asked me if I would like a drink.
5. “Shut the door, will you?” He shouted. He told us to shut the door.
6. “Will you stop talking?” He said. He told them to stop talking.
7. He said, “When you go out lock both doors.” He told me to lock both doors when I went out.
8. He said, ‘Thank you.” He thanked me.
9. He said, “Good morning!” He wished me a good morning.
10. He said, “Happy Christmas!” He wished me a happy Christmas.
11. He said, “Congratulations!” He congratulated me.
12. He said, “Liar!” He called me a liar.

 

Exercise of Articles
5 years ago no Comment

01.

That night (a) — Calipha Harun-ar-Rashid went out into (b) — streets and alley-ways of Baghdad in quest of (c) — new adventures. Disguised in (d) — merchant’s attire, he was accompanied by Jafor and others. It so happened that as they were roaming about (e) — city, they passed by (f) — house of (g) — three girls and heard (h) — sound of (i) — music and voices singing, Al-Rashid said to Jafor, “Would that we could enter this house so that we may listen to (j) — singers and find out who they are?”

02.

Since (a) — creation of the human being on the earth, man has (b) — close relation with nature. Man has established (c) — friendship with nature which helps man in many (d) — ways. Among the elements of environment, trees play (e) — important role in human life and economy. They are (f) — great source of food, vitamins and money. Man cannot think of dwelling places without trees, trees bear a great impact on (g) — climate. If we destroy them on (h) — large scale, there would be a great change in the atmosphere and (i) — one day the country will turn into (j) — desert.

English is (a) — richest language among other languages of the world. It is spoken all over (b) — world. Today English is (c) — must in order to get a good job. Today who speak and write (d) — standard form of English are in great demand. So, it helps (e) — man to get (f) — honourable job. It is (g) — official or semi official language in many countries, (h) — official must have (i) — good command over English. In order to keep pace with time Bangladesh has to know (j) — English.

04.

Undoubtedly (a) — literary life is for (b):— most part (c) — unhappy life. If you have (d) — genius, you must suffer (e) — plenty of genius and if you have only (f) — talent, there are so many cares and (g) — anxieties incidental to (h) — circumstances of men of (i) — letters, as to make (j) — life exceedingly miserable.

05.

Once (a) — Wordsworth (b) — romantic poet, was wandering. At that time he suddenly saw a great number of (c) — daffodils stretching along (d) — shore of (e) — bay, they looked as in numerous as (f) — stars in (g) — Milky way. (h) — daffodils were fluttering and dancing so brightly in (i)—breeze that even (j) — dancing waves glittering in the sun shine seemed to pale in comparison.

06.

Socrates believed that (a) — angry man was more of (b) —beast than a human being. He had a wife who used to lose .her temper on (c) — slightest excuse. One day (d) — woman got more furious and began to insult him. He went out and sat on the door step of his (e) — house. He looked out on the public (f) — street. The wife found that he was paying the least heed to her. So, she began to pour hot water on (g) — head of Socrates. The passers-by in (h) — street were much amused at (i) — incident. They had not seen such (j) — incident before.

07.

Bangladesh is (a) — land of flowers. It is blessed with countless (b) — flowers. Its natural beauty owes much to its flowers, (c) — flower is a thing of beauty. Each season of our country is enriched with (d) — variety of flowers, (e) — flowers of our country are too many for (f) — one to describe fully. They are varied in colour, size and shape. Some flowers are seasonal and some others are found all (g) — year round. Of countless flowers of Bangladesh (h) — rose most noted for its shape, beauty and sweet smell. It is (i) — queen of flowers. Every year in Bangladesh we see flowers of some kind or (j) — other.

 

1. a)x b)the (c)x (d)a (e)the (f)the/a (g)x/the (h)the (i)x (j)the 2. (a) the (b) a; (c) x; (d) a; (e) an; (0 a; (g) the; (h) a; (i) x; (j) a
3. (a)the (b) the (c) a (d) the (e) a (f) an (g) the (h) the (i) a j) x 4. (a) a (b) the (c) an; (d) x; (e) x; (f) x; (g) x; (h) the; (i) x; (j) x.
5. a)x (b)a (c)x (d)the (e) a (f) the (g) the (h) the (i) the (j) the. 6. (a)an (b)a (c)the (d)the (e)x (f)x (g)the (h)the; (i) the; j) an.
7. (a)a (b)x (c)a (d)a (e)the (f)x (g) the; (h) the; (i) the; (j) the. 8. (a)a (b)the (c) the (d) x (e) the (f) the (g) the (h) x i) x j) the

01.

Sincerity is (a) — great virtue. A sincere man works properly and gets (b) —desired result, (c) — rich work sincerely and succeeded (d) — anything a success, (e) — great people are also sincere to their work. They knew (f) — importance of sincerity. As (g) — poor are insincere to their duties, they always lag behind and suffer. Only to perform a task properly is not (h) — sincerity. The people of our (i) — country are no£ aware of its importance. So, they should be aware of (j) — sincerity.

02.

Reading newspaper is quite (a) — laudable habit. Some people cannot help reading (b) — newspapers. It is true that with (c) — invention of radio, TV, computer Internet, men have (d) — access to information worldwide. But (e) — importance of newspapers has not lessened at all (f) — newspaper tells tales of (g) — people. In a newspaper, one can get news about science, politics, sports etc. While reading a newspaper, (h) — reader may not read (i) — whole newspaper. He only goes through (j) — area or areas of his own interest. But certainly by reading a newspaper, we get all kinds of information.

03.

(a) — addiction to heroin is a very dangerous thing. It destroys not only (b) — person but also (c) — family, usually people become addicted where there is (d) — influence of (e) — evil companion. People are not addicted to it suddenly. It becomes (0 — habit gradually. It has a very harmful effect to both (g) — body and mind. .So, People should be made conscious of its harm. However it should be remembered that (h) — addict is (i) — ill or sick person. If he gets (j) — opportunity, he can be cured. So, everybody should give him a chance to be cured through proper treatment.

04.

Punctuality is of great value to (a) — student, (b) — unpunctual student who is late in (c) — class will miss (d) — important lessons. But (e) — punctual student learns his lessons in (f) — time and do well in (g) — examination. Punctuality is (h) — key to success in life. We should be (i) — punctual in all of our activities. So that we may develop punctuality as (j) — habit.

05.

My aunt lived on (a) — ground floor of (b) — old house on (c) — river Padma. She was very much afraid of (d) — burglars and always locked up (e) — house carefully before she went to (f) — bed. She also took (g) — precaution of looking under (h) — bed to see if (i) —burglar was hiding there, this was one of (j)—habits of my aunt.

06.

(a) — infant always asks such (b) — uncommon question that even (c) — aged man fails to answer (d) — uncommon question. (e) — intelligent man has to think over (f) — questions. It is not an easy matter to satisfy (g) — inquisitive infant. Sometimes (h) — aged man also grows angry with (i) — inquisitive boy or girl who always wants to know more. We must not be (j) — impatient with the infant.

07.

Suppose you have (a) — car. You enjoy driving (b) — car whenever you get (c) — chance. While driving, you must adhere to (d) — lot of things. First, all (e) — papers that (f) — policemen may demand for at any moment. Then (g) — fuel and (h) — functions of (i) — engine. Now make sure, your body and mind is in (j) — unique condition to drive in the crowded street.

08.

My aunt lived on (a) — ground floor of (b) — old house on (c) — River Tames. She was very much afraid of (d) — burglars and always locked up (e) — house very carefully before she went to (f) — bed. She also took (g) — precaution of looking under (h) — bed to see if (i) — burglar was hiding there. She knew that modern burglars didn’t hide under beds, but she went on looking just (j) — same.

 

 

 

1. (a)a (b)the (c) the (d) x (e) the (f) the (g) the (h) x i) x j) the 2. (a)a (b)x (c)the (d)an (e)the (f)x (g)the (h)a (i)the (j) the.
3. (a) x (b) a (c) the (d) an (e) x (f) a (g) x (h) an (i) an (j) an. 4. (a) a (b) an (c) the (d) the (e) a (f) x (g) the (h) a (i) x (j) a.
5. (a)the (b)an (c)the (d)the (e)the (f)x (g)x (h)the (i) x (j) the. 6. (a)an (b)an (c)an (d)the (e)an (f)the (g)an (h)an (i)the (j) x.
7. (a)a (b)the (c) a; (d) a; (e) the; (f) the; (g) the; (h) a (i)x (j)x 8. (a)the (b)an (c)the (d)the (e)the (f) x (g) x (h)the (i)x (j)the

There was (a) — idle man who inherited vast property from his father. He did not like physical labour. As (b) — result, he became very fat and could not move from one place to another. He called in (c) — European doctor, (d) — doctor was very intelligent. He did not prescribe any medicine for man. He advised him to buy (f) — heavy club and move it in (g) — air till he got (h) — tired. Following the advice of the doctor, he became (i) — thin from (j) — obese man.

Robi is (a) — street boy. He is (b) — orphan. He loves (c) — street of Dhaka city. One day he went to New Market. He saw (d) — fruit seller selling different kinds of fruit. There he found (e) — old man buying some apples, (f) — apples looked very fresh. His mouth watered at (g) — sight of (h) — apples. He-wished if he could have an apple. He thought for a while. Feeling pity for him (i) — old man gave him (j) — apple.

03.

At my first school, we read Shakespeare plays with (a) — teacher who made them very interesting indeed, (b) — first time I came to London on (c) — visit with my father, in 1907. I gave him no peace till he took me to see Sir Herbert Tree in the Merchant of Venice, (d) — play were reading at (e) — time. Later, when (f) — Benson company came to (g) — Plymouth, I went every night for (h) — whole week, reading (i) — play by day, and seeing it in (j) — evening.

04.

Dr, zaman is (a) — MBBS. He is very (b) — honest & hardworking. He works in (c) — private hospital. He lives in (d) — rented house. His wife, Dr. Wahida is (e) — medical officer of Dhaka Medical College Hospital. They had (f) — two children – Snarl & Najah, Both (g) — children are reading in (h) — kindergarten school, (i) — school is not far from their house. To speak the truth, this is (j) — example of a typical nuclear family.

05.

Nasiruddin was (a) — emperor of Delhi. Though he was (b) — emperor, he lived like (c) — poor man. He has always busy for. (d) — welfare of (e) — subjects. He did not take any money from the Royal (f) — Treasury. He would lead (g) — honest life. He would copy (h) — holy Quran. He used to sell the copied Quran in (i) — market. He would maintain his family with (j) — money he would get by selling them. An honest emperor like him is very rear today.

06.

(a) — Shatgombuj Mosque is (b) — 15th century Islamic edifice situated in (c) — suburbs of Bagerhat, on the edge of the Sunderbans, some 175 km south-west of (d) — Dhaka. It is (e) — enormous Moghul (f) — architectural site covering (g) — very large area, (h) — Mosque is unique in that it has sixty pillars, which support seventy seven exquisitely curved domes that have worn away with (i) — passage of time, (j) —mausoleum of the city’s founder. Khan Jahan Ali can be found.

07.

The students of our college have to remain busy all the time. As soon as (a) — test is over we have to get ready for another (b) — test. So we have to remain careful all (c) — year round. We know (d) — more we study (e) — more we will learn. Also, (f) — students are kept busy with a co-curricular activity. Cultural competitions are held on (g) — number of occasions. There is a proverb that practice makes (h) — man perfect. So we leave no (1) — stone unturned to reach the goal of (j) — success.

08.

Hamlet was once (a) — happiest young man in the country. But (b) — great trouble came into his life. His father died suddenly in (c) — mysterious way. Hamlet was told that (d) — old king had died from the bite of (e) — snake while he was asleep.

(a) — camel is not the animal of .our country. It is (b) — ugly animal. But it is (c) — very useful animal. There is (d)—, hump on its back. It is very useful to (e) — Arabs, (e) — Arab takes care of the camel, (g) — Arabs move from one place to another on its back. It is called (h) — ship of desert. The camel is (i) — docile animal. It is not a ferocious (j) — animal.

1. (a) an (b) a (c) a (d) The (e) the (0 a (g) the (h) x (i) x; (j) an. 2. (a)a (b)an (c)the (d)a (e)an (f)the (g)the (h) the (i) the (j)an
3. a)a b)the (c)a (d)the (e)the (f)the (g)x (h)the/a (i)the (j)the. 4. (a) an (b) x (c) a (d) a; (e) a: (f) x; (g) the: (h) a; (i) the: (j) an
5. (a)the (b)an (c)a (d)the (e)the (f)x (g)an (h)the (i)the (j) the 6. (a)the (b)a (c)the (d) x (e) an (f) x (g) a (h) the (i) the (j) the
7. (a)the (b) x (c) the (d) the (e) the (f) the (g) a (h) a (i) x (j) x 8. (a) the; (b) a; (c) a; (d) the; (e) a.
9. (a) the; (b) an; (c) a; (d) a; (e) the; (f) an; (g) the; (h) the; (i) a; (j) x

01.

To forgive (a) — injury is often considered to be (b) — sign of weakness. It is really (c) — sign of strength. It is easy to allow oneself to be carried away by resentment and hatred into (d) — act of vengeance: but it takes (e) — strong character to restrain those natural passions. The man who forgives (f) — injury proves himself to be, (g) — superior of the man who wronged him, and (h) — wrongdoer to shame. Forgiveness may even (i) — turn a foe into a friend. So mercy is (j) — noblest from of revenge,

02.

Life is full of (a) — unfavorable circumstances, (b) — great men in (c) — world bravely faced (d) — adverse situations. These situations bring out (e) — man’s latent qualities, (f) — man in such circumstances learns many virtues like fortitude and bravery. Only (g) — virtues and brave men can conquer (h) — obstacles of life, (i) — adverse situations have glorified (j) — minds and characters of great men.

03.

(a) — underground is (b) — electrically operated underground (c) — railroad. Its construction was first stimulated in (d) — 19th century, (e) — world’s first underground was (f) — brainchild of Charles Pearson, solicitor of the city of London. The first phase between Fanington to Paddington was begun in 1860 and completed in 1863, the construction was done in (g) — cut-and cover method, (h) — arched brick structure was first constructed in (i) — open trench and then earth was (j) — backfilled over it.

04.

Our life is (a) __ sum total of days, months and years. But all days are not equally memorable to us.  Most of (b) __ days are forgotten with (c) __ passage of time. Only (d) __ few days remain fresh in our memory. My first day at school is such (e) __ amusing day. It is still fresh in my mind. When I was (f) __ boy of six, my father got me admitted into (g) __ new school. We took a rickshaw and arrived at (h) __ school. I felt both (i) __ joy and fear.

05.

Money cannot buy (a) __ happiness. Money is (b) __ must for our life. But it is not (c) __ essential factor to bring our happiness. Happiness is absolutely (d) __ psychological thing. It is (e) __ name of (f) __ feeling. It means the contentment of mind. He who is (g) __ satisfied with what he gets and contented with his life is (h) __ really a happy man. Happiness cannot be purchased by (i) __ money. No doubt money has got something to do with (j) __ happiness but it cannot give us happiness.

06.

(a) __ Bangladesh is (b) __ land of six seasons. Of all (c) __ seasons I like (d) __ spring most. It is called (e) __ queen of seasons. It comprises (f) __ Bangli months of (g) __ Falgoon and Chaitra. After (h) __ end of (i) __ winter, it comes with all its beauty and (j) __ charms.

07.

More then (a) __ thousand years before (b) __ Christ, near (c) __ eastern end of (d) __ Mediterranean was (e) __ great city. Very rich and power second to none on (f) __ earth. (g) __ name of it was Troy and even today no city is more famous. (h) __ cause of this long lasting fame was (i) __ war told of one of the world’s great poems, the Iliad, and (j) __ cause of the war went back to a dispute between three jealous goddesses.

08.

The computer is (a) __ fairly recent invention. It has now become (b) __ essential part of (c) __ modern life. It has greatly benefited us and brought about (d) __ revolutionary changes in our life. Any device that helps mathematical calculating can be called (e) __ computer. In this sense, the abacus is also (f) __ simple computer. Today, however, (g) __ term computer refers to (h) __ special kind of electronic machine that can perform mathematical calculations and process large masses of (i) __ information at (j) __ great speed.

09.

Everybody knows that industry is (a) __ key to success. (b) __ person can prosper in life by doing hard work. The man who does not follow (c) __ rules so sincerity can never go (d) __ long way in (e) __ world. Many (f) __ man is not conscious of (g) __ importance of (h) __ it for which they do not have (i) __ benefit of (j) __ success.

1. (a)an (b)a (c)a (d)an (e)a (f)an (g)x (h) the (i) x (j) the 2. a)x b)the c)the d)the e)a f)a (g)the (h)the (i)the (j)the
3. a)the b)an c)x d)the e)the f)the g)the h)the i)an j)x 4. (a)a; (b)the; (c)the; (d)a; (e)an; (f)a; (g)a; (h)x; (i)x
5. (a)x; (b)a; (c)an; (d)a; (e)the; (f)a; (g)x ; (h)a; (i)x; (j)x 6.a)x b)a c)the d)the e)the f)the (g)x (h)the (i)the (j)x
7. a)a b)the c)the d)the e)a f)the g)the (h) the (i)a (j)the 8. (a)a (b)an (c)x (d)x (e)a (f)a (g)the (h)a (i) x (j)a
9. (a)the (b)a (c)the (d)a (e)the (f)a (g)the (h)x (i)the (j)x
Transformation of Sentence
5 years ago no Comment

                     Transformation of Sentence

Assertive Sentence to Imperative Sentence

 

No Assertive Sentence Imperative Sentence
01. Subject (You) + verb + other words.  Verb + other words.

 

Assertive Sentence Imperative Sentence
You can win the match.You should respect the old. Win the match. Respect the old.

No Assertive Sentence Imperative Sentence
02.  Subject (You) (with – negative/ never) + verb … … Do not (Don’t)/ Never + Verb + … …

 

Assertive Sentence  Imperative Sentence
You don’t play the football.You never miss any class. Don’t play the football.Never miss any class.

 

No Assertive Sentence Imperative Sentence
03.  Subject (1st/ 3rd) + verb … …  Let (objective form of subject) + verb … …

 

Assertive Sentence Imperative Sentence
He sings a song.We should drop the matter.They may not open the box. Let him sing a song.Let us drop the matter.Let not them open the box.

 

 

No Assertive Sentence Imperative Sentence
04.  Subject (If It is becomes) verb … …  Let (not) + subject + verb … …

 

Assertive Sentence Imperative Sentence
Sathe does not sing a song.Jashim don’t play card. Let not Sathe sing a song.Let not Jashim play card.

 

Assertive Sentence to Exclamatory Sentence

No Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
01. Subject + be verb + object (noun).Subject + be verb + object (adjective). What + Object (noun) + subject + be verb!How + object (adjective) + subject + be verb!

 

Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
He plays very well.He runs very fast.It is a beautiful bird. How well he plays!How fast he runs!What a beautiful bird it is!

 

 

Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
It is a great problem.That was a very lame excuse.Man is a wonderful piece of work.It is a very foolish question.

It is very foolish.

What a problem it is!What a lame excuse!What a piece of work man is!What a foolish question it is!

How foolish!

 

No Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
02. Subject + wish + Subject + were … … If/ Oh + Subject + were … …!

 

Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
I wish I were a king.He wishes he were the clouds. If I were a king!If/ Oh he were the clouds!

 

No Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
03. Subject + wish + Subject + had … … Had + Subject … …!

 

Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
I wish I had the wings of a bird! Had I the wings of a bird!

 

No Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
04. Subject + wish + Subject + could … … Would that + Subject … …!

 

Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
I wish I could go there in time. Would that I could go there in time!

 

No Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
05. Subject + wish + Clause.It is sad that + Clause. O that/ Oh that + clause!Would that + Clause!Alas/ Alas that + Clause!O to be/ Oh to be + Phrase!

 

Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
I wish I had not wasted my time.I wish the desert were my dwelling place.I wish I were at home.It is sad that he should die so young.

It is sad that he is dead.

Would that I had not wasted my time!O that the desert were my dwelling place!O to be at home!Alas that he should die so young!

Alas! He is dead.

 

No Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
06. i). Subject + Verb (wish) + Infinitive.ii). Subject + Verb (wish) + Clause. If only + Clause

 

Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
I wish to see him once.I wish to get one more change. = I wish I could get.. If only I could see him once!If only I could get one more change!

 

No Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
07. It is + adjective (strange) + that + Clause Infinitive + Other words!

 

Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
It is strange that he should meet me here.It is strange that I should see a snake. To think of his meeting me here.To imagine my seeing a snake!

 

No Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
08. i). Bravo + sentence: It is a matter of praise that + sentence.ii). Hurrah + sentence: It is a matter of joy that + sentence.iii). Fie, Fie + sentence: It is a matter of contempt that + sentence. Bravo/ Hurrah/ Fie + Sentence!

 

Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
 It is a matter of praise that he stood first.It is a matter of contempt that you are a coward. Bravo! He stood first.Fie! Fie! You are coward.
Assertive Sentence Exclamatory Sentence
 That was well done. / You have done well. Well done!

 

 

Transformation of Sentence
5 years ago no Comment

                                 Transformation of Sentence

Assertive Sentence to Interrogative Sentence

 

No Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence
01.                  be verbSubject + have verb

do verb

modal verb

Be verbHave verb   + Subject … …?

Do verb

Modal verb

Information –    01. Affirmative n‡j negative n‡e|           02. Negative n‡j affirmative n‡e|

 

Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence
He is a player.He does not go there.

They have gained the match.

The fishermen must know the news of weather.

Drivers should not disobey the traffic rules.

Is not he a player?Does he go there?

Haven’t they gained the match?

Mustn’t the fishermen know the news of weather?

Should drivers disobey the traffic rules?

 

No Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence
02.  Subject + full verb (verb – Gi present form)  Do (not) + subject … …?

 

Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence
We play the football.They sing a son.

Students don’t do negate the school-rule.

Don’t we play the football?Don’t they sing a son?

Do students do negate the school-rule?

 

No Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence
03.  Subject + full verb (verb – Gi  s/ es form)  Does (not) + subject … …?

 

Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence
Rasal sleeps at 12: 00 am every night.A crow flies on the sky.

Obi acts in a film.

Does not Rasal sleep at 12: 00 am every night?Does not a crow fly on the sky?

Does not Obi act in a film?

 

 

No Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence
04.  Subject + full verb (verb – Gi  past form)  Did (not) + subject … …?

 

Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence
He went there of his own accord.Jerry liked the late spring.

The boy missed the class.

Did not he go there of his own accord?Did not Jerry like the late spring?

Did not the boy miss the class?

 

No Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence
05. NeverNothing EverAnything

 

Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence
I have never visited the Tajmahal.I have nothing to lose. Have I ever visited the Tajmahal?Have I have anything to lose?

 

No Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence
06. All/ everybody/ everyone Who + (auxiliary verb) + not + verb + …?

 

 

Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence
Everybody loves flowers.Everyman hankers after happiness. Who does not love flowers?Who does not hanker after happiness?

 

No Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence
07. Nobody/ none/ no one Who + verb + …?Or, Auxiliary verb + anybody/ anyone + verb + … …?

 

 

Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence
None can do this.Nobody believes a liar. Who can do this?Who believes a liar?

 

No Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence
08. Introductory – there Who/ what (there – Gi cwie‡Z©)(affirmative–negative # negative-affirmative)

 

 

Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence
There is no use of it.There is no hope for me. What is the use of it?What is the hope for me?

 

You can test yourself –

  1. Their glory can never fade.
  2. There was nothing wrong with me.
  3. No one can depend on an unreliable.
  4. Nobody would ever count my love for you.
  5. Nothing in the world could change these eyes.
  6. I have had my revenge at last.
  7. They will have nothing to say.
  8. You can not take a book as medicine.
  9. They could not drink the salty sea water.
  10. There was no use of that book.
  11. He went there of his own accord.
  12. Nobody trusts a liar.
  13. No one hits accurately every time.
  14. Every body fears death.
  15. It was nothing but a deceit.
  16. It is of no use.
  17. Our life is nothing but a walking shadow.
  18. I have paid my bill.
  19. The smell of the melted butter tickled my nostrils.
  20. The flavour of the food becomes monotonous.
  21. Excess of anything is bad.
  22. He bought nothing but an apple.

Men fear death as children fear to go in the dark:

and as that natural fear in children is increased with tales, so is the other. 

Francis Bacon (1561 – 1626)

 

Rules of Articles
5 years ago no Comment

 One > an > a : এক = একটি = একজন

This/that > the : টি = টা = খানা = খানি

Where they are used:

a/ an Or the + singular countable noun : a hat, the hat

the Or zero + plural countable : the hats, hats

the Or zero + uncountable : the water, water

Example of singular countable noun

A : The man who lives next door is a doctor.

an : My sister is an architect.

The : The architect who designed this block won a prize.

 

Example of plural countable noun

zero : The people who work next door are architects.

the : The architects who designed this book won the prize.

 

Example of uncountable noun

zero : Sugar is bad for you.

the : The sugar you bought yesterday has got damp.

 

a/ an Or the + singular countable noun : a hat, the hat

 

A + consonant sound An + vowel sound (A, Av, B, D, G)
A one-way street, a one-armed man

A European

A united party, a union

A large apple

A sharp bend

A hotel, a history book, a hill, a humble

An orange, an octopus

An Englishman

An umbrella, an urban area

An apple

An S-bend

An hour, an honourable person, an honest man

(a + norange, a + noctopus, a + napple, a + nhour)

 

Special Usages

  1. The Anaphoric Use of “The”: (to carry back)

a). I have an apple. The apple is sweet.

b). He is a boy. The boy is gentle.

 

  1. The Generic Use of “The”: (generalizing use; to mean – whole class)

a). A bird has wings. (a bird = all birds)

b). The bird has wings. (the bird = all birds)

 

  1. Specific Use of “The”: (limiting use)

a). I have a dog. (a dog = one dog)

b). The dog is black. (the dog = one dog)

 

Other Usages

  1. a/ an + adjective/ adverb + noun

This is a red apple.

He is an honest man.

He is a very honest man.

 

  1. a/ an + more than one noun

a red and blue pencil.  &   a red and a blue pencil.

a poet and thinker.    &    a poet and a thinker.

Advanced Usages

  1. a/ an + noun: (to mean – “any”)

There was a king.

There was an old fox.

 

  1. a/an + noun: (rate, weights, measures, speed)

Wheat sells two rupees a kilo.

He is driving at forty kilometers an hour.

He earns five rupees a day.

His salary is six hundred rupees a month.

 

  1. a/ an + name of persons

A Mr. Bamboo came here. (unknown)

 

  1. a/ an + abstract noun (a kind of quality)

She has received a good education.

She has a working knowledge of grammar.

 

  1. a/ an + verb: (used as a noun)

He has gone for a walk.

May I go for a swim/ a ride?

You should have a rest.

 

  1. a/an + uncountable noun:

(when a countable noun is as an uncountable noun)

 

i).  I have great love for her. (uncountable)

She is an old love of mine. (countable)

ii). He came here on time.

I had a bad time in Bombay.

iii).The room is full of smoke.

Let’s have a smoke.

iv). I will buy a chicken tomorrow.

I am fond of bread and chicken.

v). The sun gives us heat.

I did fairly well in a trail heat.

 

  1. a + few/ little/ lot of/ good deal/ good many/ great many/ dozen/ hundred/ thousand/ million

There are a hundred people in the street.

Here are a dozen of bananas.

A good many people witnessed the football match.

 

  1. What + a/ an + noun (in exclamatory sentences)

What a pity it is!

What a nice bird it was!

 

  1. Quite/ many/ such/ but/ mere/ rather/ not + a/an + singular common noun

He is not such a boy as I expected.

Not a single man was present in the meeting.

 

  1. Some Idioms:

To be in a hurry, to be in a temper, to have a pain/ a headache/ a fever, to have a mind to, to

make a noise, to run a temperature, to catch cold/ a cold, to make a fire

 

Position of Articles

 

  1. Article + Noun (a book, an hour)
  2. Article + Adjective + Noun (a good book, a historical place)
  3. Article + Adverb + Adjective + Noun (a very good pen, a very honest man)
  4. as/ how + Adjective + (a/ an) + Noun (as bad a man as he, how good a book, how nice a place)
  5. so/ too + Adjective + a/ an + Noun (so serious an attempt)

The Or zero + plural countable: the hats, hats

The Or zero + uncountable: the water, water

  1. Names of ranges of mountains:– The Himalayas, The Alps.
  2. Names of groups of Islands:– The East Indies, The Andamans, The West Indies.
  3. Names of rivers:- The Gang, The Magna.
  4. Names of great books:- The Quran, The Bible, The Ramayan.
  5. Names of newspaper:- The Time, The Daily Star.
  6. Names of planets:- The earth, The world, The Star.
  7. The dates of a month:- The 2nd February, The 6th December.
  8. Ordinal Number written in letter:- The First, The second.
  9. Superlative Degree:- The best, The oldest.
  10. Adjective used as Noun:- The poor, The rich, The brave.
  11. Before – office/ cinema/ theatre/ picture/ circus/ station/ bus-stop.
  12. Common Noun used as Abstract Noun:- The mother in her in dead, The student in me is still alive.
  13. Common Noun used as apposition to Proper Noun:- Patna, the capital of Bihar; Gandi, the fighter for freedom
  14. Names of Musical Instruments:- The tabla, The violin, the sitar, the harmonium.
  15. Names of the historical places/ buildings:- The Taj Mahal, The Red Fort.
  16. Proper Noun qualified by Adjective:- The late M. Gandhi, The immortal Tulsi.
  17. Nouns showing weights/ measures/ rate:- Silk is sold by the meter, Wheat is sold by the kilo.
  18. In some Idioms – be in/ on the air, be in the right/ wrong, keep to the right/ left, speak to the point.
  19. Before Noun + Adjective Clause:- The gold he bought is not pure.
  20. Before definite objects/ places:- on the wall, on the earth, in the field, in the morning, in the evening.

 

Other expression

  1. The + same … …

We live in the same street. (not in same street)

Are these two books different? They’re the same. (not they’re same.)

  1. “The” is used before these words: – the + top, middle, bottom/ end, left, right.
  2. The radio/ the Internet; not the television/TV; but, you turn off the television.
  3. All/ both/ half + the + noun.
  4. At + the.
  5. One of + the … ….
  6. Before “season and “the name of seasons”; not month.
  7. The + majority, minority, people, public.
  8. Varieties: – Continents : Africa, South America

Countries        : France, Japan

{Not used “The”}    Islands              : Sicily, Tasmania

Cities, towns   : Cairo, New York

Mountains       : Everest, Etna

                                   But, Countries:

i). Republic, Union, Kingdom, States: the Soviet Union, the Czech Republic, the United Kingdom.

ii). Contracted Form: the USA, the UK.

iii). Plural Form: the Netherlands, the Philippines.

iv). At this format: the north of Brazil, (not, the north Brazil)

  1. The + noun + of + noun: The ring of gold. The water of the pond.

 

Determiners:

  1. Article: a, an, the
  2. Demonstrative Pronoun: that, this, these, those
  3. Possessive Adjective: my, our, your, his, her, their, its, Jarin’s
  4. Numerals: two, three, four …; first, second, third …
  5. Quainter: all, both, some, any, no, every, each, either, neither, few, little, many, much, more, most, enough

 

Completing Sentence
5 years ago no Comment
All Board Questions with solution All Board Questions with solution
01. (DB’11)

a) We should say ‘no’ to corruption because —.

b) Corrupt persons are not only dishonest but also —

c) Now, it is high time —.

d) We should work together if —.

e) But we are so self-centered —.

 

02. (RB’11)

a) AIDS is a fatal disease which —.

b) It is such a disease that —.

c) The first AIDS patient was a man who —.

d) The doctors suggest that —.

e) There is no further remedy that —.

 

03. (JB’11)

a) United we stand, —.

b) — know this wise saying? —.

c) Unless you are united, you —.

d) The story of the old man and his sons teaches us —.

e) It is high time we —.

04. (CB’11)

a) No sooner had he reached the station —.

b) She ran fast lest —.

c) He could not avail —.

d) I prevented him —.

e) All should do something to —.

05. (CtgB’11)

a) Arif studies attentively so that —.

b) Hardly had the leader finished his speech —.

c) I walked fast lest —.

d) A fish market is the place where people go —.

e) It is disappointing to note that the price of —.

06. (SB’11)

a) Walk fast lest —.

b) It is high time —.

c) Modern husbands are —.

d) For good health —.

e) If I help him in danger —.

07. (BB’11)

a) We work hard so that —.

b) There is nobody who —.

c) As he is devoted to studies —.

d) He left the place after —.

e) As soon as the police came—.

08. (DjB’11)

a) I don’t like people who —.

b) Do you know where —?

c) It was long since —.

d) You will not prosper unless —.

e) Had I been proposed to go —.

09. (DB’10)

a) You cannot find others to love you unless —.

b) It is love that —.

c) Love is divine which —.

d) Your friends cannot help living you if —.

e) If you are not lived, it is a good evidence that —.

10. (RB’10)

a) Walk fast lest —.

b) Our students are so meritorious —.

c) Scarcely had the teacher gone out of the room —d) If I knew his teacher gone out of the room—.

e) It is time we —.

11. (CB’10)

a) He has a lot of money but —.

b) My father gave me taka 500 so that—.

c) She has been suffering from fever for —.

d) Though it rained yesterday—.

e) The train had left the station before —.

12. (JB’10)

a) A graveyard is a place where —.

b) I am not sure whether —.

c) The old man is walking carefully lest —.

c) Do you mind if —?

e) Unless you work hard —.

13. (CtgB’10)

a) They went to college after they—-.

b) This person is too different for—.

c) No sooner had she seen me—.

d) He speaks as if—.

e) It is high time we —.

14. (BB’10)

a) He could not attend the meeting because —.

b) We went to his residence as soon as —.

c) He was so ill that —.

d) We immediately decided to shift him to hospital where _

e) No sooner had we reached that hospital, —.

15. (SB’10)

a) It is easy to say but —.

b) Five years passed since —.

c) A graveyard is a place —.

d) She insisted that —.

e) Unless you work hard, —.

16. (DjB’10)

a) As you sow, so—.

b) Although Bangladesh is a populous country, it —.

c) He is my teacher who —.

d) I wish I —.

e) He took up a part-time job so that —.

17. (DB’09)

a) Since Bangladesh is an agricultural country, —.

b) As her economy depends on agriculture. — .

c) We have to develop cultivation scientifically because —.

d) Though our farmers work hard, they do not get what —.

e) They cannot improve their condition but though

18. (CB’09)

a) Water is so vital of all natural resources that —.

b) It is water which —.

c) Our agriculture which—.

d) Though Bangladesh is blessed with rivers —.

e) If the rainfall is timely —.

19. (RB’09)

a) The poor man is too hungry to—.

b) I came here with a view to—.

c) The weather was so cold that—.

d) Hasib behaves as if—.

e) The higher we fly, the harder—.

20. (JB’09)

a) My father is a teacher who —.

b) Unless he gets up early in the morning —.

c) It is high time we—.

d) Though it is raining —.

e) A patriot is respected —.

21. (BB’09)

a) Yesterday Mita had an accident while —.

b) No sooner had we heard the news —.

c) We took her to a hospital which —.

d) As it was a public hospital —.

e) But our patient was so serious that —.

22. (CtgB’09)

a) Acid rain is harmful because —.

b) The wind was so strong that —.

c) Had he been a little careful —.

d) They were frightened when —.

e) Take your umbrella lest —.

23. (DinB’09)

a) There goes a proverb that —.   b) Though lost wealth can be regained by hard work, lost time —.

c) Time is so valuable that—.  d) Those who have become great in life —.  e) If we make the best use of time—.

24. (SB’09)

a) It is true that most of the parents in our country are not interested enough to —.

b) Parents think that spending money for the children’s education is unwise specially when —.

c) They think female children need no education because they —.

d) To lessen discrimination in children’s educational status the government gives subsidy for female children so that —.

e) It is a good sign that now a days —.

 

Solutions of all the Questions

  1. (a) it is a great crime. (b) greedy. (c) we removed corruption from society. (d) we want to make our society corruption free. (e) that we cannot think of others.
  2. (a) takes a heavy toll of human lives every year. (b) cannot be cured. (c) died a pathetic death without having any treatment. (d) we all should be conscious of this fatal disease. (e) can cure an AIDS patient.
  3. (a) divided we fall. (b) Who doesn’t (c) will not be able to face any crisis boldly. (d) that unity is strength. (e) became united.
  4. (a) than the train left. (b) he might miss the train. (c) himself of the opportunity. (d) from going there. (e) stamp out corruption from the society.
  5. (a) he can do well in the examination. (b) before the bomb blast. (c) I fell in troubles. (d) to buy fishes. (e) day to day commodities is rising leaps and bounds.
  6. (a) you should miss the train. (b) we took the decision. (c) those who do not mind their wives attending parties with their friends. (d) we should follow some rules of health. (e) he will also help me in my need.
  7. (a) we can complete the work in time. (b) loves a liar. (c) he is sure to make a good result. (d) he had been ordered by his father. (e) the miscreants ran away.
  8. (a) are lazy. (b) he lives (c) I had met him last. (d) you work hard. (e) I would have gone there.
  9. (a) you love them. (b) lies in all. (c) descends from heaven. (d) you love them. (e) you do not love others.
  10. (a) you should miss the train. (b) that they will do good. (c) When the rain began. (d) I would phone him. (e) We changed our food habit.
  11. (a) he is unhealthy. (b) I could buy a dictionary. (c) three days. (d) today is sunny. (e) we reached.
  12. (a) the dead bodies are burried. (b) you will come. (c) he should/might fall (d) you are dishonoured. (e) you will fail.
  13. (a) had taken breakfast. (b) us to understand.   (c) than she smiled.   (d) he were an English.    (e) changed our habit.
  14. (a) he feel ill, (b) we heard the news, (c)-he could not speak, (d) he could get treatment, (e) he expired.
  15. (a) difficult to do. (b) I came here. (c) where the dead bodies are burried. (d) she was innocent. (e) you will not be successful.
  16. (a) you reap. (b) is full of natural resources. (c) teaches me English. (d) I were a child again (e) he could manage his education expenses.
  17. (a) our country is Argo-based. (b) the government should develop this sector. (c) we are in want of food grains. (d) they need. (e) they work hard.
  18. (a) no living beings exist without it. (b) is used every where. (c) is our vital sector depends on water. (d)  she faces scarcity of water. (e) the farmers can have a good harvest.
  19. (a) work/walk/move. (b) buying a car. (c)  there were no birds or animals in that area. (d)  he were mad. (e) we suffer.
  20. (a) teaches English. (b) he cannot get enough time to work. (c) left the place. (d) they are playing.  (e)  by all.
  21. (a) she was walking on the foot-path. (b) than we rushed to the spot. (c) was near at hand. (d) she was admitted there (e) we got very nervous.
  22. (a) it spoils fertility of soil. (d) dry leaves blew away/flew away. (c) he would not have made mistakes. (d) they came across a Lear (e) you should forget.
  23. (a) as you sow, so shall you reap. (b) can not be regained, (c) we cannot waste a single moment. (d) made the best use of time.   (e) we can’t shine in life.
  24. (a) educate their daughters. (b) they are in want. (c)  consider it a loss. (d)  they can be educated, (e)  female children are getting.
Articles
5 years ago no Comment
  1. DHAKA BOARD-2009

A brilliant student is (a) — asset. One day he may be (b) — engineer or (c) — M. B. B. S doctor. He makes (d) — best use of his time. He makes a proper division of his time and does’ his duties accordingly. He knows that youth is (e) — golden period of (f) — life. He has (g) — aim in life. He knows that (h) — life without (i) — aim is like (j) — ship without a rudder.

  1. a)an b)an c)an d)the e)the f)x g)an h)the/x i)an j)a/the

 

  1. COMILLA BOARD-2009

(a)— idle man and (h) — active man cannot he equal. We know (c) — story of (d) — ant and (c) — grasshopper. (I) — ant was industrious. On the other hand, the grasshopper was really (g) — la/y. The ant knew that (h) — industrious shine. On (i) — contrary, (j) — lazy suffer in life.

 

  1. (a)an (b)an (c)the (d)an(c)a (f)the (g)x (h)the (i)the (j)the

 

  1. JESSORE BOARD-2009

Bangladesh is (a) — world’s most densely populated country. Our development efforts arc frustrated because of (b) — great size of our population, (c) — population explosion is (d) — constant threat to our environment and (e) — society. Here population is growing at such (f) — high rate that (g) — environment may soon-fail to supply (h) — people with their minimum necessities. It is indeed (i) — alarming situation. Something should be done to change (j) — situation.

 

  1. (a)the (b)the (c)the (d)a (e)x (f)a (g)the (h)the (i)an (j)the

 

  1. RAJSHAHI BOARD-2009

Bangladesh is a land of (a) — scenic beauty, (b) — land, (c) — rivers and the forests are (d) — sources of this ‘beauty. Geographically Bangladesh can be divided into four regions, in many places there are a lot of amazing beautiful spots. There are many historical places also. For this reason, ‘(e) tourism business can flourish here, (f) — wild animals of (g) — Sundarbans are also (h) — great asset. Tourism can play (i) vital role in national economy. But it is still in its tender age. So, we have to cross (j) — long way.

 

  1. (a)x (b)the (c)the (d)the (e)the/x (f)the (g)x (h)a. (i)a (j)a

 

  1. SYLHET BOARD-2009

Newspaper plays (a) — important role in our society. It is (b) — most useful thing in our modern life. We cannot think of (c) — day without it. To read news paper is (d) — good habit, (e) — more we read newspaper (f) — more we can acquire knowledge. If we don’t read it, we shall be (g) — frogs in (h) — dark well. It is (i) — looking glass of (j) — modern world.

 

  1. a)an b)the (c)a (d)a (e)the (f)the (g)the (h)a (i)the/a (j)the

 

  1. BARISAL BOARD-2009

When (a) — great poet, Ferdousi, began to write (b) — Shahanama, the sultan promised him (c) — piece of gold for each (d) — verse. When (e) — epic was finished, it contained sixty thousand (f) — verses. Instead of giving gold coins, he offered the poet only sixty thousand silver (g) — coins. The poet refused to take the silver coins and left the court with (h) — broken heart. He was (i) — aggrieved man. Later on the sultan realised that he had made (j) — blunder,

 

  1. (a) the (b) x (c) a (d) x (e) the (f) x (g) x (h) x (i) an (j) a

 

  1. CHITTAGONG BOARD-2009

An angry man is not liked (a) — even by (b) — idiot. There is difference between the educated and (c) — uneducated. An educated (d) — person should come forward to educate (e) — uneducated. On the other hand (t) — rich man should have (g) — sympathy for (h) — poor there is difference between (i) — poor man and (j) — rich man.

 

  1. (a)x (b)an (c)the (d)x (e)the (f)a (g)x/ the (h) the (i) a (j) a

 

  1. DINAJPUR BOARD-2009

We were returning home. On (a) — way we met (b) — little girl. She was selling (c) — flowers on (d) — street. She requested us to buy (e) — flower. My mother is (f) — kind-hearted woman, (g) — motherly affection rose at (h) — sight of her. She gave her (i) — ten taka note and bought some flowers. We should be kind to (j) — helpless.

 

  1. (a)the (b)a (c)x (d)the (e) a (f) a (g) the (h) the (i) a (j) the
  2. DHAKA BOARD-2010

(a)— Morning walk is a good habit for all classes of people. It is (b) — simple exercise and good for health and (c) — mentality. In the morning, (d) — air is fresh and free from any kind of noise and pollution. This pure (e) — environment makes an effect on (f) — walkers’ health and mind, when (g) — man enjoys (h) — beauties and solemnity of (i) — nature in (j) — morning.

 

  1. COMILLA BOARD-2010

It is (a) — known fact that English is (b) — international language, (c) — Language used by international community is important. Statistics show that 350 million people speak English as (d) — first language and another 300 million use it as (e) — second language. It is (f) — official language in more than 60 countries of the world. Once it was also (g) — official language of our country. Most of (h) — books of science and technology are written in English. So (i) — importance of learning English beggars description. It is (j) — must.

 

  1. JESSORE BOARD-2010

Once you have completed (a) — initial diagnosis of your students, you are faced with selecting subject-matter appropriate to their (b) — interests, abilities and personal-social adjustment as well as to your own teaching objectives. Frequently, (c) — selection and planning of content are not seen as integral (d) — parts of (e) — evaluation process, (f) — techniques you select to evaluate how well you and your students have achieved your objectives are inextricably bound to (g) — subject-matter used to teach, these objectives. In (h) — sense, you must evaluate (i) — subject-matter itself to (j) — determine if it is appropriate for your objectives.

 

  1. RAJSHAHI BOARD-2010

Though newspaper is not always (a) — unmixed blessing, it is (b) — most useful thing in our life. We rarely think of (c) — day without reading (d) — newspaper. Reading newspaper is one of (e) — good habits of a man. We shall be like (f) — frog in a dark well if we neglect developing this habit. However, some people prefer (g) — electronic media to reading (h) — newspaper. But (i) — newspaper offers more to is readers than (j) — electronic media.

 

  1. SYLHET BOARD-2010

Providing enough energy to meet (a) — ever-increasing demand in one of (b) — greatest problems (c) — world is now facing. Energy is (d) — key to (e) — industrialized economy which calls for (f) — doubling of electronic output every ten to twelve years. Meanwhile power may be coming to (h) — end. Coal is plentiful but polluting, natural gas is (i) — scarce, oil is not found everywhere. Nuclear power now appears (j) — costly and risky.

 

  1. BARISAL BOARD-2010

Cellular radio telephone, also called cellular telephone or cell phone provides voice telephone and other services to (a) — mobile users/Cellular telephone primarily operate tike portable or cordless telephones. However, unlike conventional wire-based cordless phones, cell phones are completely portable and do not require (b) — jack to access (c) — wire-based networks operated by local telephone companies, (d) — new generation of services for cell phones include video conferencing and (e) — internet access with (f) — ability to send e-mail. Cellular telephones have become very popular with (g) — professionals and (h) — consumers as (i) — way to communicate easily. It has been (j) — alternative to conventional wire-based services.

 

  1. CHITTAGONG BOARD-2010

James Normen Hall was (a) — American writer. He wrote (b) — story about (c) — wonderful piece of business that took place between him and a farmer. While in (d) — Tahiti, he was short (e) — money and rented (f) — one room house about 22 kilometres from (g) — town. He was doing (h) — interesting writing there. To save money he wanted to make (i) — vegetables garden in front of his house. But (j) — land was full of ants and land-crabs. They foiled all his attempts.

 

  1. DINAJPUR BOARD-2010

We know (a) — man is (b) — rational creature. It is (c) — rationality in him which makes him (d) — can differentiate between (e) — right and (f) — wrong. This is why (g) — man is considered (h) — best creation of (i) — creator of (j) — universe.

1. (a) x (b) a (c) x (d) x (e) x (f) the (g) a (h) the (i) x (j) the 2. (a)a (b)an (c)the (d)the (e)a (f)an (g) the (h) the.(i) the (j) a
3. (a)an (b)x (c)the (d)x (e)an (f) the (g) the (h) the (i) the (j) x 4. (a)an (b)the (c)a (d)a (c)the (f)the (g)the (h) a (i) the (j) the
5. (a)an (b)the (c)the (d)the (e)an (f)the (g)the (h)an (i)x (j) x 6. (a)the (b)a (c)the (d)the (e)x (f)the/an (g)x (h)x (i)the (j)an
7. (a) an (b) a (c) a (d) x (e) x (f) a (b) the (h) an (i) a (j) the. 8. (a) x (b) a (c) the (d) a (e) x (f) x (g) x (h) the (i) the (j) the
  1. DHAKA BOARD-2011; JESSORE BOARD-2009

Bangladesh is (a) — world’s most densely populated country. Our development efforts are frustrated because of (b) — great size of our population, (c) — population explosion is (d) — constant threat to our environment and (e) — society. Her population is growing at such (f) — high rate that (g)   environment may soon fail to supply (h) — people with their minimum necessities. It is indeed (i) —alarming situation. Something should be done to change (j) — situation.

 

  1. RAJSHAHJ BOARD-2011

There was (a) — idle man who inherited vast property from his father. He did not like physical labour. As (b) — result, he became very fat and could not move from one place to another. He called in (c) — European doctor, (d) — doctor was very intelligent. He did not prescribe any medicine for (e) — man. He advised him to buy (f) — heavy club and move it in (g) — air till he got (h) — tired. Following the advice of the doctor, he became (i) — thin from (j) — obese man.

 

  1. JESSOR BOARD – 2011

“Under the Greenwood Tree” is (a) — song derived from “As You Like It” (b) — comedy by Shakespeare. In this song (c) — writer’s love of nature has found (d) — eloquent expression, as has, as (e) — undertone, his deep concern for (f) — limitations of (g) — human society. In the forest (h) — only enemy of man is bitter winter and rough weather. Nature has no particular enmity towards man and it treats all equally. The forest is the place for one who is content with (i) — small pleasure of life and has (j) — little ambition.

 

  1. COMILLA BOARD-2011

(a) — honest boy is he who never tells a lie. He carries out (b) — orders of his parents. He has (c) — aim in life. He develops (d) — attitude to serve his nation. He is (e) — active worker who upholds (f) — interest of his nation above everything. He thinks that he has (g) — role to play in all matters. We cordially expect such (h) — boy to change (i) — selfish motive of (j) — people.

 

  1. CHITTAGONG BOARD-2011

At present Bangladesh faces (a) — number of (b} — problems. Of all these problems (c) — population problem is (d) — most acute one. Population is undoubtedly (e) — great asset of (f) — country. But when (g) — country fails to feed and provide them with (h) — suitable jobs, they become (i) — burden. Similar is (j) — case with Bangladesh.

 

  1. SYLHET BOARD – 2011

I live in (a) — Jigatola near (b) —Rifles Square, When I was (c) — student of old Dhaka, (d) — University of Dhaka, stayed at Wari in (e) — Old Dhaka. Actually it was in (f) — Bonogram Lane that originates from (g) — BCC Road which is a branch of (h) — Renkin Street. (i) — Bangabhaban and Baldha Garden are adjacent to this area.

 

  1. BARISAL BOARD-2011

We live on (a) — ground floor of (b) — old house on (c) — river Kirtankhola. We are very much afraid of (d) — burglars and always lock up (e) — house very carefully before we go to (f) — bed. We also take (g) — precaution of looking under (h) — bed to see if (i) — burglar is hiding there. We know modern burglars do not hide under beds but we go on looking just (j) — same.

 

  1. DINAJPUR BOARD-2011

You must have heard (a) — name of Kazi Nazrul Islam. He is our national poet. He is known as (b) — rebel poet. He was born in (c) — poor family. He passed his boyhood in great hardship. When (d) — First World War broke out, he joined (e) — army. After (f) — war, he began to write poems. He wrote specially for (g) — oppressed and down trodden people. He is called (h) — Shelley of Bengali literature. His poems and songs inspired (i) — Bangladesh in (j) — War of Liberation.

 

Answer

1. a) the b) the (c) x (d) a (e) x (f) a (g) the (h) the (i) an (j) the 2. a)an (b)a (c)a (d)the (e)the (f)a (g) the (h) x (i) x (j) an
3. (a)a (b)a (c)the (d)an (e)an (f) the (g) x (h) the (i) the (j) x 4. (a)an (b)x (c)an (d)an (e)an (f)the (g)a (h) a (i) the (j) x
5. (a)a (b)x (c)x (d)the (e)a (f)a (g)the (h)x (i)a (j) the 6. (a)x (b)the (c)a (d)the (e)x (f)x (g)x (h)x (i)the (j)the
7. (a)the (b)an (c)the (d) x (e) the (f) x (b) a (h) the (i) a (j) the 8. a)the b)the c)a (d)the (e)the (f)the (g)the (h)the (i)x (j) the
Voice Change
5 years ago no Comment

What will we know about Voice?

A point of making Passive Voice

Passive Voice with modal auxiliary verb

Varied prepositions after past participle in Passive Voice

Some practices in English Sentence

A point of making Passive Voice

Be verb + Verb (past participle) = Passive Voice

Present forms Past forms Past participle Ing-forms
am, is, are was, were been being

 

Passive Voice with modal auxiliary verb

Modal Auxiliary Verb + be + Verb-3 = Passive Voice

 

Varied prepositions after past participle in Passive Voice

Verb-3 + by (person) know   + to; worried + about frightened + of
Verb-3 + with (things) interested + in Annoyed/ alarmed/ surprised + at

 

Complex sentences

Active voice Passive voice
I know that he is ill. That he is ill is known to all.
We eat so that we can live Something is eaten by us so that we can live.
She like that I like. That I like is liked by she.

 

Compound sentences

Active voice Passive voice
Punam bought a shirt and Mehedy took a pencil. A shirt was bought by Punam and a pencil was taken by Mehedy.
I was ill so I could not be it. I was ill so I could not be done by me.
If you go there, I will not support you. If you go there, you will be not be supported by me.

 

Passive voice of modal verb

Active voice Passive voice
He can speak English fluently. English can be spoken fluently by him.
We should take care of our health. Our health should be taken care of by us.
They would not change their language. Their language would not be changed by them.

 

Simple sentence with two objects

Active voice Passive voice
I gave him a pen. He was given a pen by him. (according to – person)
We make him chairman. He was made chairmen by us.
They called Arif a child. Arif was called a child by them.

 

Some practices in English Sentence

I gladly accepted the invitation.

Socrates knew that well.

His writing awakened the sleeping people of this sub-continent.

They pulled her up in to the boat.

She ordered her huntsman to kill Snow White.

He was digging holes in several places.

 

Only for practice

The govt. has taken necessary steps to eradicate illiteracy.

He cultivates rice.

It upholds the society, art and culture of a country.

Various elements cause air pollution.

His works pleased the relation.

Many believe that English helps people to act good jobs and better salaries.

 

Other practices

My book was stolen.

He is not known here.

English is spoken all over the world.

Rome was not built in a day.

Promise should be kept.

This building was built in 1999.

 

More advance

The lives of the people of Bangladesh have been shaped by tragedy.

They were attracted by a band of robbers.

A true friend is hardly found.

So, His early life was spent in luxury.

Nowadays books are published in huge quantity.

 

Board Questions

(01) The farmers use water in time of cultivation largely. (passive)

(02) Mills and factories also pollute water. (passive)

(03) Thus water is contaminated by various kinds of waste and filth. (active)

(04) He was filled with a strange wonder. (active)

(05) They find a better shelter in Bangladesh. (passive)

(06) People of all ages enjoy this game. (passive)

(07) Collected honey is stored in the hives. (active)

(08) He is considered the greatest physicist after Einstein. (active)

(09) Once a cook roasted a duck for his master. (passive)

(10) It could not find any source of water. (passive)

(11) People called him wise Solomon. (passive)

(12) This admixture may corrupt the nature of the original commodity. (passive)

(13) The value of the effectiveness of the finished product is destroyed by adulteration. (active)

(14) The government has taken necessary measures to keep the price hike under control. (passive)

(15) It is called pleasure seeker’s paradise. (active)

(16) People all over the world enjoy this game very much. (passive)

(17) It stores honey in the hive. (passive)

(18) However, he loves relatives a great deal. (passive)

(19) Tourists from home and abroad visit its shore. (passive)

(20) Almost everyone enjoys the day in his own way. (passive)

 

Colleges Questions

(01) Dish-antenna creates both good and bad effects on our culture. (passive)

(02) Truthfulness can bring a man glory. (passive)

(03) They are organized by Samba Schools. (passive)

(04) Fishermen catch various kinds of fishes in the river. (passive)

(05) One night his thirsty mother asked him for a glass of water. (passive)

(06) Many believe that English helps people to get good jobs and better salaries. (passive)

(07) English is spoken all over the world. (active)

(08) We call it as solar energy. (passive)

(09) We can use the sun instead of using oil, coal and diesel. (passive)

(10) Both theories were disproved. (active)

Narration with Examples
5 years ago no Comment

Narration

without – object second person = first person or third person
RV: subject (1st person) + verb + (no object) second person = third person

Examples:

Direct Narration Indirect Narration
1. He said, “You are an idiot, Suresh.”

= He said to Suresh, “You are an idiot.”

He told Suresh that he (Suresh) was an idiot.
2. He said, “You are telling a lie, Leela.”

= He said to Leela, “You are telling a lie.”

He told Leela that she (Leela) was telling a lie.
3. He said, “Where are you going, mother?”

= He said to mother, “Where are you going?”

He asked mother where she was going.
4. He said, “Don’t make a noise.”

= He said to me/him/her, “Don’t make a noise.”

He asked me/him/her not to make a noise.
5. He said, “Bring a chair.”

He said to me/him/her, “Bring a chair.”

He ordered me/him/her to bring a chair.
6. He said, “How are you?”

He said to me/him/her, “How are you?”

He asked me/him/her how I/he/she was.
7. He said, “Open the gate.”

He said to me/him/her/us/them, “Open the gate.”

He told me/him/her/us/them to open the gate.
1. He said, “Congratulations!” He congratulated me.
2. She said, “Liar!” She called me a liar.

 

In accordance with: W S Allen (Living English Structure)

1. He said, “Bring me a book.” He asked her (him/us etc.) to bring him a book.
2. He said, “Don’t do it.” He asked me (her/us etc.) not to do it.
3. He said, “Hello! Where are you going?” He greeted me and asked (me) where I was going.

 

In accordance with: A J Thompson A Practical English Grammar

1 . He said, “What have you got in your bag?” He asked me what I had got in my bag.
2. He said, “Why didn’t you put on the brake?” He asked her why she hadn’t put on the brake.
3. He said, “What do you want?” He asked them what they wanted.
4. He said, “Would you like a drink?” He asked me if I would like a drink.
5. “Shut the door, will you?” He shouted. He told us to shut the door.
6. “Will you stop talking?” He said. He told them to stop talking.
7. He said, “When you go out lock both doors.” He told me to lock both doors when I went out.
8. He said, ‘Thank you.” He thanked me.
9. He said, “Good morning!” He wished me a good morning.
10. He said, “Happy Christmas!” He wished me a happy Christmas.
11. He said, “Congratulations!” He congratulated me.
12. He said, “Liar!” He called me a liar.

Natural English Centre

Md. Jashim Uddin

Voice – 01920-242802; 01673-316433

Jatrabari (In – PDB); Donia (In front of – A.K. School)

Second Year # English Second Paper # Narration

Right Form of Verbs for HSC 2015
5 years ago no Comment

Right Forms of Verbs (All Boards)

 

  1. DHAKA BOARD – 2011
require achieve take become consider learn rise

Education is often compared to light and (a) — as the pillar of human civilization. So, it is only education which can make a nation (b) — to the level of standard development. From this point of view, it (c) — quite clear to us that if a country can provide its people with education (d) — for the modern aspects of life, it will be able to (e) — an all-out prosperity to the betterment and welfare of the nation.

 

  1. (a) considered; (b) rise; (c) becomes/ has become; (d) required; (e) achieve.

 

  1. RAJSHAHI BOARD – 2011
waste suffer envelope educate do study be

It is high time you (a) — for the Test Exam. You (b) — much time wandering aimlessly and doing meaningless jobs. Don’t you know that your parents and relatives highly expect you to (c) —? But if you are not serious right from now, you (d) — in the long run. Besides, your future (e) — in darkness.

 

  1. (a) studied; (b) are wasting; (c) be educated; (d) will suffer; (e) will be enveloped.
  1. JESSORE BOARD – 2011
see lean blow want cast screen lower

Robert Frost (a) — any severance of his ties with nature. Even when the window sash (b) — at night and the tree (c) — from his view he (d) — a shadow outline of the tree which (e) — a more profound influence over him than the rustling of leaves.

 

  1. (a) does not want; (b) is lowered; (c) is screened; (d) sees; (e) casts.
  1. COMILLA BOARD – 2011; RAJSHAHI BOARD – 2009
walk get run reach sit buy open

Last Friday I went to the Zoo with some of my friends. We (a) __ there before the gate (b) __. Then we (c) __ some tickets and entered the Zoo. While we (d) __, I saw my friend Raihan (e) __ towards us.

 

  1. (a) had reached; (b) was opened/ opened; (c) had bought/ bought; (d) were walking; (e) running.
  1. CHITTAGONG BOARD – 2011; SYLHET BOARD – 2009
dare visit be desire Attain -AR©b Kiv face shall

Everybody (a) __ success in life, but few (b) __ it. One of the main reasons for this failure is that many people (c) __ take risks. Life (d) __ not a bed of roses. It is full of troubles and difficulties. We (e) __ them with courage.

 

  1. (a) desires; (b) attain; (c) do not dare; (d) is; (e) should.
  1. SYLHET BOARD – 2011
drop fall find fly carry advise show

The poor farmer (a) — a purse of gold, which (b) — by a passer-by. He (c) — it home and (d) — it to his wife who (e) — him to use it.

 

  1. (a) found; (b) was dropped/ had been dropped; (c) carried; (d) showed; (e) did not advise
  1. BARISAL BOARD – 2011
try make be think ponder abide indulge Mend (fix)

We often see young people (a) — in pompous ways of life. They (b) — by the to realize the advice of the seniors, not even of their guardians. Even they (c) — negative aspects of it. Pompous life (d) — them gradually derailed. Whey they realize the consequence on their lives, they often find it quite impossible to (e) — the damages.

  1. (a) indulged; (b) do not abide; (c) do not try; (d) makes; (e) mend.
  1. DINAJPUR BOARD – 2011
be reach work come confine dominate succeed

Today women play in important role in all spheres of life. Once they were (a) — by men. They (b) — no longer (c) — within the four walls. They have (d) — out of kitchens and are (e) — hand in hand with man.

 

  1. (a) dominated; ((b) are; (c) confined; (d) come; (e) working.
  1. DHAKA BOARD – 2010
need learn go do modify revise design

Communicative competence in English is urgently (a) — in our country. The present world (b) — fast and developing by leaps and bounds. In order to keep pace with the present world, we cannot help (c) — English, but the present system of teaching and learning English is not up to the mark. The textbooks (d) — for the classes XI-XII have to (e) — and made updated.

 

  1. (a) needed; (b) is going; (c) learning; (d) designed; (e) be revised.
  1. RAJSHAHI BOARD – 2010
suffer render-M„nnviv nIqv kill come bring have try

In the spring of 1945, the Second World War (a) __ to an end. The war had (b) __ great misery to the whole world. Millions of people (c) __ and wounded. They included men, women and children. Millions of people (d) __ homeless and (e) __ from poverty, hunger and disease.

  1. (a) came; (b) brought; (c) were killed; (d) were rendered; (e) suffered.

 

  1. JESSORE BOARD – 2010
do have imagine learn get go be

Dear Farah,

It seems hard to believe that I (a) — in Savar for a whole month now! I promised to write and tell you how I was going on so here (b) —! When I first got here, I just (c) — used to the slow pace of life! Now, I (d) — to take things easy and I’m beginning to really feel at home. You can’t (e) — how beautiful the university campus is. It’s very large, very green, and probably the best campus in the country. It is simply wonderful. It’s all up today.

  1. (a) have been; (b) is going/ goes; (c) couldn’t get; (d) am learning/ have learnt; (e) imagine.
  1. COMILLA BOARD – 2010
be fight regain brood try inspire help

Robert Bruce was the king of Scotland. Once he (a) — with the British forces and lost his kingdom to England. He fought several times with the British forces to (b) — his country but failed. One day, he sat in a lonely cave (c) — over his sad lot. Suddenly he caught sight of a spider. It was (d) — to reach the ceiling. But each time it tried, it dropped. After six attempts it became successful. This perseverance of the spider (e) — Bruce to fight again with British and this time he was able to free his country from the enemy.

  1. (a) fought; (b) regain;  (c) brooding; (d) trying; (e) inspired.

 

  1. CHITTAGONG BOARD – 2010
work invite discover come take give bring

Computer has (a) __ about a revolutionary change in the world. But it (b) __ overnight. It (c) __ a long time to invent computer. Many visitors of science (d) __ had four years and finally (e) __ out successful.

  1. (a) brought; (b) was not invented; (c) took; (d) had worked; (e) came.
  1. SYLHET BOARD – 2010
find look feel hear be return send

Gafur was sitting thoughtfully on the veranda. Mahesh (a) — anywhere since yesterday. Gafur was very weak again. So, Amina (b) — in search of him since morning. She (c) — home at about sun-set and said, “You (d) —, father? Manik Ghosh’s men (e) — Mahesh to the police station.”

  1. (a) had not been found; (b) had been; (c) returned; (d) Have (you) heard; (e) have sent.
  1. BARISAL BOARD – 2010
get hit damage submerge uproot cyclone disrupt

A severe cyclone (a) __ the coastal areas of Bangladesh last night. It (b) __ accompanied with tidal surge. The offshore islands (c) __ by the tidal surge. Trees were (d) __ and crops (e) __.

 

  1. (a) has increased; (b) burn; (c) have found; (d) predict; (e) will continue.
  1. DINAJPUR BOARD – 2010
sail carry contain move be build regard

The great ship, Titanic (a) __ for New York from Southampton on April 10, 1912. She (b) __ 1316 passengers. At that time she (c) __ the largest ship that ever (d) __ and (e) __ as unsinkable.

 

  1. (a) sailed; (b) was carrying; (c) was; (d) was (ever) built; (e) was regarded.

 

  1. DHAKA BOARD – 2009
take pray offer remain keep do publish

With extreme competition everywhere parents are constantly worried about the results. This is a common sight during the S.S.C Examinations in thousands of families. Special prayers (a) — in families having such an examinee. Parents (b) — special care of their children. They make sure that their wards get along with studies without the slightest of problems even without mosquito bites. Parents shuttle to mazars and temples and (c) — for the examinees. Sometimes they give cash money and kinds for their wards. Parents of an examinee usually (d) — worried until the result (e) —.

 

  1. (a) are offered; (b) take; (c) pray; (d) remain; (e) is published.

 

  1. JESSORE BOARD – 2009
do get beg want write receive choose

I (a) __ your letter just now. You (b) __ to know where I (c) __ myself admitted and which subjects I (d) __. I am now (e) __ everything in detail.

 

  1. (a) have received; (b) have wanted; (c) have got/will get; (d) have chosen/ will choose; (e) writing.
  2. COMILLA BOARD – 2009
say be provide face participate enrich

Human life (a) — not static but dynamic. A man cannot reach the highest peak of success if he (b) — part of in extra co-curricular activities. Travelling is also an important co-curricular activity. It is travelling which (c) — our knowledge, experience and promotes our attitudes. Therefore, travelling (d) — us with knowledge and practical experience. It can be clearly (e) — that our knowledge can be mobilized by travelling the different corners of the vast globe.

 

  1. (a) is; (b) does not participate; (c) enriches; (d) provides; (e) said.
  1. CHITTAGONG BOARD – 2009
feel lead make inspire create imply devote

Patriotism is a noble virtue. It (a) — country and people. Actually it (b) — a man to do everything just and fair for his those qualities which make a person (c) — his/ her life for the well being of his country. Patriotic zeal (d) — a person dutiful, energetic and enthusiastic. On the other hand, those devoid of patriotic zeal (e) — any scruple to plot against the country.

 

  1. (a) inspires; (b) implies; (c) devote; (d) makes; (e) do not feel.
  1. BARISAL BOARD – 2009
write reach happen come do twinkle return

At last your long awaited letter (a) — us yesterday. You can hardly imagine how I jumped for joy and how mummy’s eyes (b) — with delight. When papa (c) — home in the evening and we told him that you (d) — well in your mid-term examination he, too, was very pleased. So you may be sure of a very warm welcome when you (e) — here for Christmas.

  1. (a) reached; (b) twinkled; (c) returned; (d) had done; (e) will come.

 

  1. DINAJPUR BOARD – 2009
begin say hold bid call invite recite

A few days ago the marriage ceremony of my elder sister was (a) — in a very befitting manner. We (b) — our friends and relatives. The invited guests (c) — come in the evening. After the arrival of the bridegroom the Qazi solemnized the marriage (d) — the related verses from the holy Quran. While (e) — farewell to my sister my parents burst into tears.

  1. (a) held; (b) invited; (c) began; (d) reciting; (e) bidding.

Directed by – Md. Jashim Uddin; Voice – 01920-242802; 01673-316433; 01719-411308

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