Modernism: Modern means something which is not traditional and to be modern means to be enlightened the attitude. Similarly, Ism means the ways of thinking and ideology. From this side, modernism is a philosophical movement in the arts, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in western society in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The slogan of modernism is to make something new. It is experimental, radical, revolutionary, stream of consciousness, formal etc. It is the development of modern industrial societies and the rapid growth of cities. It deals with form and the form of the work. Here, context is not important but structure is important.
Similarly, it includes the activities and creations of those who felt the traditional forms of art, architecture, literature, religious faith, social organization and activities of daily life in the new economic, social, and political environment of the industrialized world.
The authors of modernism are James Joyce, T.S. Eliot, Ezra Pound, Katherine Mansfield, Dylan Thomas, Samuel Beckett and others.
Works of modernism: Several works were created at that time. The creations are–
- Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad
- The Waste Land by T.S. Eliot
- Ulysses by James Joyce
- As I Lay Dying by William Faulkner
- Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett etc.
Post modernism: Post is a Latin word which means ‘after’ so from this concept post modernism means after the period of modernism and it is the binary of modernism. We cannot think it without modernism. Postmodernism is the late-20th century movement in the arts, architecture, and criticism that was a departure from modernism. It includes skeptical (uncertain) interpretations of culture, literature, art, philosophy, history, economics, architecture, fiction and literary criticism. It is associated with deconstruction.
The major similarities and dissimilarities between modernism and the post modernism are mentioned bellow:
|Beginning||Modernism began in the 1890s and lasted till about 1945.||Postmodernism began after the Second World War, especially after 1968.|
|Based on||Modernism was based on using rational, logical means to gain knowledge||Postmodern was based on unscientific, irrational thought process, as a reaction to modernism.|
|Characterization||Modernism characterized a classified and organized nature of knowledge.||Postmodernism was based on a revolutionary, non-totalized and unclassified state of knowledge.|
|Method||The method was objective, theoretical and analytical.||The postmodernism method was based on subjectivity. It completely based on belief.|
|Thinking||Modernist thinking is about the search of an abstract truth of life.||Postmodernist thinkers believe that there is no universal truth, abstract or otherwise.|
|Attempting||Modernism attempts to construct a logical world-view.||Postmodernism attempts to remove the difference between high and low.|
|Faith||Modernist historians have a faith in depth. They believe in going deep into a subject to fully analyze it.||They believe in going by the superficial appearances, they believe in playing on surfaces and show no concern towards the depth of subjects.|
|Technology||The uses of technology were not so active.||Everything starts to base on Information, Communication and Technology.|
|Presence of God||In the works of the era god is present.||In the works of the era god is absent.|
|Silence||Here silence is not important.||Here silence is important and meaningful.|
|The presence of nature||Nature is present in most of the works.||Nature is escape from industrialization.|
|Style||Modernism is full of hope, life and dissolution.||Postmodernism is full of frustration, crash, falsehood, complexity.|
|Writers||Highly experienced.||Highly experienced.|
|Changing||Abstractly changed.||Abstractly changed.|
|Father||God is Father.||The Holy Ghost is the father.|