Literary Term: Drama, Scene, Comedy, Tragedy, Tragic Hero, Protagonist


1. Drama: Drama is a form of literature which is written in dramatic dialogue form to be performed by some characters on the stage before the audience. A drama can be compared to the mountain. It comes to life when it is taken in the performance of actors who accept the roles of characters and speak the dialogues.

2. Scene: A scene is an event of a drama. It is also a subdivision of an act in a drama that usually does not involve a change of locale or a shift in time. 

3. Comedy: Comedy is a play which ends happily. In general, any literary work that ends to amuse by dealing with humorous, familiar situation involving ordinary people speaking everyday language. There are different kinds of comedy; such as- comedy of humors, comedy of intrigue and comedy of manners.  George Barnard Show’s Arms and The Man is a great comedy.

4. Tragedy: Tragedy is a play which ends in disaster to the life of protagonist and the disasters are mostly death. A serious work of fiction, especially a drama that presents the downfall of its protagonist, a person who is better than us, who has some error in judgment, weakness of character, or twist of fate suffers crushing defeat or death. According to the Aristotle, “Tragedy is the artistic imitation of an action that is serious, complete in itself, and of a certain magnitude, and that involves incidents arousing pity and fear, wherewith to accomplish the catharses of such emotion.”   

 5. Tragic hero: Tragic hero is the main character of tragedy. According to Aristotle, a tragic hero must have two main qualities: First, he must be noble, human qualities, above the norm in intelligence, bravery, charisma, or success; secondly, however, he must also possess a tragic flaw (such as hubris) which causes his ultimate downfall. 

6. Protagonist: Protagonist is the main character in a story, novel or play about whom the whole story revolves. For example; In Charles Dickens’ Great Expectations Pip is the protagonist.  



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