Lexical Relations or Semantic Relations Among Words

Lexical relations or semantic relations among words

a. Synonymy: It refers the similar words of words.

For example: buy – purchase, bargain

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According to the use of a sentence they come differently.

b. Antonymy:  It indicates the opposite meaning of a word.

For example: good – bad,

Buy – sell

c. Polysemy: It denotes different meaning of a word.

For example: Pupil means student; similarly pupil means the small round black area of the eye.

d. Homophone: It directs a word that is pronounced like another word but has a different spelling or meaning.

For example: some (certain) – sum (amount), feat (achievement) – feet (bottoms)

e. Hyponymy: It leads a word with a particular meaning that is included in the meaning of a more general word.

For example:  Dog and cat are hyponyms of animal.

f. Homonymy: It shows a word that is spelt like another word and may be pronounced like it but which has a different meaning.

For example: The meaning of ‘Can’ is ‘be able’ similarly the meaning of ‘Can’ is ‘put something in a container.’

g. Metonymy: It means the act of referring to something else that is closely connected with it.

For example: Per head, Bottle.

h. Homography: It indicates a word that is spelt like another word but has a different meaning from it, and may have a different pronunciation.

For example: Lead /i:/ – to go with a person or an animal to show the way or to make them go in the right direction. Again ‘Lead’ /e/ – to connect one object to another.

i. Metonymy: It directs a word which is interconnected with another word.

For example: wheel – car. Here wheel is interconnected with one another. Again, knee – leg. It is also interconnected with one another.

j. Homomorphy: It refers the different parts of speech of a word and it also how a word is used in different parts of speech in the sentence.

For example: Red (n) – Red is the name of a color.

Red (adj) – I have bought a red shirt.







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