Invocation: Invocation is the noun form of invocate that means to seek inspiration, courage, encourage and guidance from the goddess when somebody is going to start any hard work; especially in the beginning of an Epic. As an epic is a hard and long narrative poem, on a great and serious subject, so before writing the epic Paradise Lost the author John Milton seeks inspiration from the holy spirits. So, it can be said that invocation means asking God or goddess for inspiration at the beginning of any difficult activities especially in an epic. John Milton begins Paradise Lost with the invocation, Sing, “Heavenly Muse.”

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