Ellipsis: Ellipsis means the leaving out of words or phrases from sentences where they are unnecessary because they have already been referred to or mentioned. It can also be said, “Omitting part of the sentences is called ellipsis.”
Speaker 1: In the morning, I wake up early, take exercise and recite the holy Quran. Do you perform?
Speaker 2: Yes, I do.
Here, the second speaker does not explain about wake up early, take exercise and recite the holy Quran. He tells I do. By using the word ‘do’ he mentions all the activities.
There are three kinds of ellipsis-
i. Nominal Ellipsis
Exam: Speaker 1: Why do not you use a knife?
Speaker 2: I haven’t got any.
Here, knife is omitted to avoid repetition.
ii. Verbal and Ellipsis:
Exam: Is it going to rain?
It may or may not.
Here, Verb is omitted.
iii. Clausal Ellipsis
Exam: Speaker 1: Can you swim?
Speaker 2: Yes.
Here, yes means I can swim.