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Discuss about the Conflict between Agamemnon and Achilles from Homer’s The Iliad
It is well known to us that, Homer is considered as one of the greatest Greek literary creators, who is mostly familiar for The Iliad. In this epic Achilles is considered as one of the most important characters, who has made the epic fruitful.
The Iliad takes place toward the end of the Trojan War, which, according to legend, began when Paris, a son of the king of Troy, abducted Helen, the wife of the Spartan king Menelaus. At the point Homer begins, Achilles, a Greek warrior, and Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and leader of the Greek army besieging Troy, quarrel over a captive woman, Briseis. Achilles withdraws in anger to his tent, while his mother, Thetis, a sea goddess, persuades Zeus to inflict losses on the Greeks and thus prove the value of Achilles to the Greek forces. After a long day of battle, the Greeks are reduced finally to approaching Achilles in an embassy. Though moved, Achilles holds firm.
The fighting continues until Achilles allows his beloved companion Patroclus to enter the war wearing Achilles’ own armor. Hector, the chief Trojan warrior, kills Patroclus and takes the armor, though the Greeks after an intense struggle win back the body. Thetis brings Achilles new armor, including a great, elaborately embossed shield. Achilles reenters the battle, slaughters Trojans relentlessly, kills Hector, and maltreats Hector’s corpse. Achilles then holds funeral games in Patroclus’ honor. The games, at which Achilles commands and Agamemnon remains in the background, also serve to restore him to his honored position in the warrior society. There is a profounder restoration of Achilles to his humanity when he gives back Hector’s body to Hector’s father, the aged king of Troy. The Trojans lament and bury Hector.