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Jan 12

Mahbub Murad

Word Power

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                        Word Power

a. Synonyms  b. Antonyms c. Paronyms d. Homonyms e. Homophones f. Acronyms

 

a. Synonyms: The words which bear the nearest meaning or similar meaning of any word are known as the synonyms of the word.

Example: Battle – fight, war etc.
Battle (between large organized armies): Three important battles were fought at Panipath.

Fight (between persons or parties but without the aid of armies): The Muslims and the Hindus often fight for some reasons.

War (between nations with the aid of large armies): A third world war will destroy everything.

Crime, vice and sin

Crime (offence against law or state): Theft is a crime.

Vice (offence against moral law): Drinking is a vice.

Sin (offence against religion): Telling lies is a great sin.

 

Drown and sink  

Drown (for living object): The body was drowned in the river.

Sink (for both living and lifeless object): The ship sank into the ocean.

Vacant and empty

Vacant (not filled or occupied): The house is vacant.

Empty (not containing anything): The pitcher is empty.

b. Antonyms: The words which bear the opposite meaning of any word are known as antonyms of the word.

Example:  possible – impossible, decent – indecent

c. Paronyms: In English, there are some words that are begotten from the same word but their meanings are different in the uses. These types of words are called paronyms.

Example:  Artistic (beautiful): The poem is artistic.

Artful (clever): He succeeded by artful means.

Artificial (not natural): Modern life is getting artificial.

Childish (is used in bad sense; means ‘silly’): You are now fairly grown up but your habits are childish.

Childlike (is used in positive sense; means ‘simple’ and ‘innocent’): Her childlike simplicity pleased everybody.

d. Homonyms: In English language, there are many words whose spellings are the same but they create different meanings according to the uses/patterns of the words and the sentences and these types of words are known as homonyms.

Example: Bar

He works in this bar (royal court).

I have crossed the bar (barrier).

The window bars (clincher/bolt) were broken.

The criminals were put behind the bar (jail).

                   Fair

We will go to International Trade Fair (innumerable)

He writes a fair (nice) hand.

She looks fair (lovely).

It is not a fair (rightful) business.

He divided the food fairly (equally).

e. Homophones: In English language, there are many words whose spellings and meanings are totally different from one another but they create the same pronunciation. These types of words are called homophones.

Example:  Accept (take): He accepted with thanks and some humble presents from me.

Except (excluding): None could complete except him.

Check: I have checked all the accounts.

Cheque: He was paid by cheque.

f. Acronyms: Some initial letter abbreviations are pronounced like the words. These are often called acronyms. Generally, articles are usually dropped in acronyms.

Exam: UNESCO

The United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

WHO

World Health Organization

 

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About the author

Mahbub Murad

Mahbub Murad

I am a Lecturer of English at Mohanagar Ideal College and the admin of this site. If anyone wants to share his/her idea or get any support, he or she can contract me. - Cell: 01761519111
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