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Feb 14

Mahbub Murad

Transformation of Sentences

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                         SSC Board Standard – 2016

Read the following passages and transform the underlined sentences as directed.

01. (a) Poverty is the greatest problem in our country (Positive). But we hardly realize that this miserable condition is our own creation. (b) Many do not try to better their condition by hard labor (Compound) (c) They only curse their fate (Passive). But this is not reality. (d) It is man who is the maker of his own fortune (Simple). So, they should work hard to improve their lot. (e) By working hard, they can remove their condition (Negative).

a. No other problem in our country is as great as poverty.

b. Many do not try to better their condition and they do not labor hard.

c. Their fate is cursed only by them.

d. Man is the maker of his own fortune.

e. Without working hard, they cannot remove their condition.

 

02. People in general are fond of glittering things (Complex). They are lovers of surface. (b) They are concerned with the outer show of things and beings (Active). They do not bother about intrinsic value. (c) Gold is metal which is very precious (Simple). (d) But there are some other metals looking like gold (Compound). (e) They fade soon and loss their beauty (Simple).

a. It is the general people who are fond of glittering things.

b. The outer show of things and beings concern them.

c. Gold is a very precious metal.

d. There are some other metals and they look like gold.

e. Fading soon, they lose their beauty.

 

03. We are Bangladeshi. (a) We are proud of our freedom fighters (Interrogative). (b) Their contribution will never be forgotten. (Affirmative) They were inspired by the common people. (c)Their sacrifice is greater than any other thing (Positive). (d) But today many of them lead a very miserable life (Complex). (e) If we take proper steps, their condition may be improved (Simple).

 

a. Aren’t we proud of our freedom fighters?

b. Their contribution will always be remembered.

c. No other thing is as great as their sacrifices.

d. But it is today where many of them lead a very miserable life.

e. Taking proper steps, their condition may be improved.

04. Bangladesh is a small country with a vast population (a) Very few countries in the world are as populated as it is (Comparative). Most of the people here live in the villages. (b) People who live in the village are mainly farmers. (Simple) (c) The villagers work hard to support themselves. (Complex) (d) They are honest and pious. (Negative) (e) They should be taken care of (Active).

a. It is more populated than most other countries in the world.

b. Village people are mainly farmers.

c. It is the villagers who work hard to support themselves.

d. They are not dishonest and impious.

e. We should take care of them.

05. Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh. (a) Day-to-day life in Dhaka is expensive (Negative). (b) People living below the poverty line lead a miserable life (Complex). (c) Price hike is one of the biggest problems for them (Positive). (d) The government has taken necessary measures to keep the price hike under control (Passive). (e) The people who are greedy are responsible for price spiral (Simple).

 

a. Day-to-day life in Dhaka is not inexpensive/cheap.

b. People who live below the poverty line, they lead a miserable life.

c. Very few problems for them are as big as price hike.

d. Necessary measures have been taken by the government to keep the price hike under control.

e. The greedy people are responsible for price spiral.

 

06. (a) Health is wealth (Complex). A good health is a guarantee for happiness. (b) A healthy poor man is happier than a sick moneyed man (Positive). (c) Though a healthy man is an asset to his family, an unhealthy man is a liability (Compound). (d) He can succeed in life (Interrogative). (e) So every day he cannot but be conscious of his health (Affirmative).

 

a. It is health which is wealth.

b. A sick moneyed man is less happy than a healthy poor man.

c. A healthy man is an asset to his family but an unhealthy man is a liability.

d. Can’t he succeed in life?

e. So every day he must be conscious of his health.

 

07. (a) Truthfulness is the greatest of all virtues in a man (Comparative). It means the quality of speaking the truth. (b) Although it may not make one rich. It brings peace of mind (Compound). (c) Everybody respects a truthful person (Interrogative) He/she cannot commit vice. (d) Who does not love a truthful person (passive)? Many person of the world have become great by virtue of truthfulness. (e) Truthfulness may lead the whole world to peace and happiness (Complex).

 

a. Truthfulness is greater than of all virtues in a man.

b. It may not make one rich but it brings peace of mind.

c. Doesn’t everybody respect a truthful person?

d. By whom is not a truthful person loved?

e. It is truthfulness which may lead the whole world to peace

and happiness.

 

08. (a) Truthfulness is the greatest of all virtues (Positive). It means the quality of speaking the truth. (b) It ennobles one’s character and gives a high position in society. (Simple). (c) Though it may not make one rich, it brings peace in mind (Compound). (d) A truthful person is loved and respected by all (Active)? (e) A truthful person cares nobody (Interrogative).

 

a. Very few virtues are as great as truthfulness.

b. Ennobling one’s character it gives a high position in society.

c. It may not make one rich but it brings peace in mind.

d. All love and respect a truthful person.

e. Does a truthful person care anybody?

 

09. No person can be happy without friends. So, (a) everybody wants friends (Negative). (b) The heart is formed for love and cannot be happy without the opportunity of giving and receiving love (Complex). But (c) you cannot receive affection unless you give it also (Simple). You cannot find others to love you unless you love them; Love is to be important for cultivating a cheerful and obliging disposition. (d) You cannot be happy without it (Interrogative). So, (e) as love is divine everybody wants love (Compound).

 

a. Nobody wants enemies.

b. The heart is formed for love which cannot be happy without the opportunity of giving and receiving love.

c. you cannot receive affection without giving you it also.

d. Can you be happy without it?

e. Love is divine and everybody wants love.

 

10. No person can be happy without friends (Affirmative). (b) The heart is formed for love and cannot be happy without the opportunity of giving and receiving love (Complex). (c) But you cannot receive education unless you give it (Simple). (d) Love is obtained by giving love in return (Negative). So, (e) Love is divine everybody wants it (Compound).

 

a. Every person can be happy with friends.

b. The heart is formed for love which cannot be happy without the opportunity of giving and receiving love.

c. But you cannot receive education without giving you it.

d. Love is not obtained without giving love in return.

e. Love is divine and everybody wants it.

 

11. (a) No other problem in Bangladesh is great as illiteracy. (Comparative) Most of the people of our country cannot read or write. (b) So the literacy rate in Bangladesh is very poor (Negative). (c) It is too poor to imagine (complex) (d) It is the duty of the educated people to make them illiterate (Interrogative). (e) The government has taken necessary steps to eradicate illiteracy (Passive).

 

a. Illiteracy is greater than any other problem in Bangladesh.

b. So the literacy rate in Bangladesh is not very high.

c. It is so poor that we cannot imagine.

d. Isn’t it the duty of the educated people to make them illiterate?

e. Necessary steps have been taken by the government to eradicate illiteracy.

 

12. (A) Bangladesh is a land of scenic beauty. (a) Cox’s Bazar is the longest sea beach in the world. (Positive) (b) Everybody knows this. (Interrogative) (c) Tourists from home and abroad visit this beach. (Passive) (d) They come here to enjoy themselves. (Complex) (e) Our government is going to take some steps to make it more attractive (Passive).

 

a. No other sea beach in the world is as long as Cox’s Bazar.

b. Who does not know this?

c. This beach is visited by tourists from home and abroad.

d. They come here so that they can enjoy themselves.

e. Some steps are going to be taken by our government to make it more attractive.

 

13. (a) My friend invited me to pay a visit to Cox’s Bazar (Interrogative). (b) I gladly accepted the invitation (Passive). (c) When I reached there, my friend received me cordially (Compound). (b) I was very glad to see the sea – beach (Exclamatory). (e) It was one of the most memorable journeys in my life (Positive).

 

a. Didn’t my friend invite me to pay a visit to Cox’s Bazar?

b. The invitation was gladly accepted by me.

c. I reached there and my friend received me cordially.

d. How glad I was to see the sea-beach!

e. Very few journeys in my life were as memorable as it.

 

14. (a) Cox’s Bazar sea – beach is the longest / largest sea-beach in the world (Complex). (b) It is one of the most beautiful sea-beaches in the world (Positive). (c) It is called pleasure seeker’s paradise (Active). (d) The visitors go there for enjoying natural beauties (Compound). (e) Those who become tired may go to relax there (Simple).

 

a. It is Cox’s Bazar Sea – beach which is the longest / largest sea-beach in the world.

b. Very few sea-beaches in the world are as beautiful as it.

c. People call it pleasure seeker’s paradise.

d. The visitors go there and they can enjoy natural beauties.

e. Tired people may go to relax there.

 

15. Rouan is my brother. (a) He is regular student. (Negative) (b) He is never late to attend his classes. (Affirmative) (c) He wants to be a famous teacher in life. (Complex) For this reason he works very hard. (d) He learns his lessons when it is time to learn. (Simple) (e) He is loved by his friends, teachers and all. (Active)

 

a. He is not irregular student.

b. He is always punctual to attend his classes.

c. It is he who wants to be a famous teacher in life.

d. He learns his lessons at the time of learning.

e. His friends, teachers and all love him.

16. (a) The Padma is one of the biggest rivers in Bangladesh (Comparative). (b) When it is summer, it becomes emaciated (Simple). (c) During the rainy season to assume a terrible shape (Complex). (d) Who does not know this? (Affirmative) (e) The Tourists from home and abroad visit its shore to enjoy themselves (Complex).

 

a. The Padma is bigger than most other rivers in Bangladesh.

b. During summer it becomes emaciated.

c. When it is rainy season, it assumes a terrible shape.

d. Everybody knows this.

e. The Tourists from home and abroad visit its shore so that they can enjoy themselves.

 

17. (a) Water, an important element of environment is polluted in various ways (Complex). It is called life. (b) The water which is pure is necessary for us (Simple) (c) Men pollute water by throwing waste in it (Compound). (d) The farmers use water in time of cultivation (Passive). (e) It is one of the most important elements for all living beings (Positive).

 

a. Water is an important element of environment which is polluted in various ways.

b. Pure water is necessary.

c. Men throw waste in water which pollutes it.

d. Water is used in time of cultivation by the farmers.

e. Very few elements are as important as it for all living beings.

 

18. Today corruption is very familiar term in Bangladesh. (a) Corruption is the most dangerous weapon to destroy a society. (Positive) (b) It lies in every phase of our society. (Complex) (c) Some drastic steps have been taken against the corruption. (Active) (d) The persons in the high rank of the society is involved in corruption and have become millionaires through corruption. (Simple) (e) Social awareness is very essential to resist corruption. (Exclamatory) The corrupted persons should be brought under trial quite impartially.

 

a. No other weapon is as dangerous as corruption to destroy a society.

b. It is our society where it lies in every phase.

c. Government has taken some drastic steps against the corruption.

d. The persons in the high rank of the society being involved in corruption have become millionaires through corruption.

e. How essential social awareness to resist corruption!

19. Corruption is a great curse to our nation. (a) No other problem is so dreadful as corruption. (Comparative) (b) It prevails in every walk of our life. (Interrogative) It destroys everything. (c) We fail to enjoy the real progress as corruption devours every good fruit of our efforts. (Compound) It can be compared to cancer. (d) It paralyses the whole nation. (Passive) (e) We must realize the fact and come forward against corruption. (Negative)

a. Corruption is more dreadful than any other problem.

b. Doesn’t it prevail in every walk of our life?

c. Corruption devours every good fruit of our efforts and we fail to enjoy the real progress.

d. The whole nation is paralyzed by it.

e. We cannot but realize the fact and come forward against corruption.

 

20. (a) Honesty is a great virtue. (Complex) (b) An honest man is respected by all. (Active) (c) My brother was honest for which he was rewarded. (Simple) (d) If you are honest you will always be trusted. (Compound) (e) So we should be honest on our life. (Negative)

 

a. It is honesty which is a great virtue.

b. All respect an honest man.

c. My brother was rewarded because of his honesty.

d. You are honest and you will always be trusted.

e. So we cannot but be honest on our life.

 

21. (a) Patriotism is one of the greatest virtues (Positive). (b) As a patriot has patriotism, he is loved by all (Compound). (c) Who likes an unpatriotic man (Passive)? (d)What a noble virtue patriotism is! (Assertive). (e) A patriot is always remembered (Negative).

 

a. Very few virtues are as great as virtue.

b. A patriot has patriotism and he is loved by all.

c. To whom is an unpatriotic man liked?

d. Patriotism is a great noble virtue.

e. A patriot is never forgotten.

 

22. Books are the best companion to the people. (a)We should read books to gain knowledge (Complex). (b) Books introduce us to the realm of knowledge. (Passive) (c) The books of great writers contain noble thoughts and great ideas (Interrogative). (d) If we read books we can enrich our minds (Simple). The reading of books brings perfection in our life and there is no alternative to reading books (e) Books are the greatest friends (Positive / Comparative).

 

a. We should read books so that we can gain knowledge.

b. We are introduced to the realm of knowledge by books.

c. Don’t the books of great writers contain noble thoughts and great ideas?

d. By reading books we can enrich our minds.

e. No other friend is as great as books.

 

  1. (a) No other day in my life is as memorable as my first day at school. (Superlative) (b) I will never forget this day. (Affirmative) (c) I passed the day with my new classmates and teachers. (Passive) (d) How thrilling the day was! (Assertive) (e) I remember my honorable teachers. (Complex)

 

a. My first day at school is the most memorable day in my life.

b. I will always remember this day.

c. The day was passed with my new classmates and teachers.

d. The day was very thrilling.

e. I remember my teachers who are honorable.

 

24. (a) Cricket is a very game. (Exclamatory) (b) People of all ages enjoy the game. (Passive) (c) At present cricket is the most popular game in our country. (Comparative) (d) Though cricket is a costly game, people of classes enjoy playing it. (Simple) there are two types of cricket – one day cricket and test cricket. (e) Bangladesh is a test playing country but its standard is not high. (Complex).

 

a. What a game cricket is!

b. The game is enjoyed by the people of all ages.

c. At present cricket is more popular than any other game in our country.

d. In spite of cricket being expensive people of all classes enjoy playing it.

e. Though Bangladesh is a test playing country its standard is not high.

 

25. (a)A flower is a glowing gift of nature. Who does not like flowers? (Affirmative). (b) They are the symbol of love and beauty. Flowers are used on different occasions (Active). (c) We need flowers to decorate a place. (Complex) (d) The Rose is the best of all flowers. (Positive) (e) It is also called the queen flowers. As the demand for flowers is increasing day by day, we should cultivate flowers on commercial basis. (Simple) It has both charm and commercial value too.

 

a. Everybody likes flower.

b. We use flowers on different occasions.

c. We need flowers so that we can decorate a place.

d. No other flower is as good as the rose.

e. Because of increasing the demand for flowers day by day, we should cultivate flowers on commercial basis.

26. (a) Mango is one of the sweetest fruits in the world (Comparative). Most of the mangoes of Bangladesh are grown in Chapai Nawabganj district. (b) Selling these mangoes, people earn a lot of money (Compound). (c) People over the country visit this place (Passive). (d) Mangoes are ripe in the summer (Complex) at this time the mango orchards look very nice. (e) I wish I could visit this place (Exclamatory).

 

a. Mango is sweeter than most other fruits in the world.

b. People sell these mangoes and they earn a lot of money.

c. This place is visited by people over the country.

d. When it is summer mangoes are ripe.

e. If I could visit this place!

 

27. (a) The postman is a familiar figure. (Complex) (b) Every day we see him when he goes in a khaki dress. (Simple), (c) He delivers letters, money orders, parcels etc. to the addresses. (Passive) (d) He must go from one house to another in fair weather or foul. (Negative) (e) Though he is a low paid employee, his responsibility is great. (Compound)

 

a. The postman is a person who is a familiar figure.

b. Every day we see him to go in a khaki dress.

c. Letters, money orders, parcels etc. are delivered to the addresses by him.

d. He cannot but go from one house to another in fair weather or foul.

e. He is a low paid employee but his responsibility is great.

28. (a) A fool was sitting by the side of a village road. (Complex) (b) He was digging holes in several places. (Passive) Now it happened that a king’s minister was passing by that way. (c) Seeing the strange appearance of the fool, he asked him about the reason of his action. (Compound) He also told that people passing by would put their feet in them and fall down. The fool replied. “Why should they fall in? I have not dug in the middle of the path. (d) Only those who leave the straight road will fall into my pit. (Negative) (e) The minister then asked what his occupation was (Simple).

 

a. It was the side of a village road where a fool was sitting.

b. Holes were dug in several places by him.

c. He saw the strange appearance of the fool and he asked him about the reason of his action.

d. None but those who leave the straight road will fall into my pit.

e. The minister then asked him about his occupation.

29. Faysal is my friend. (a) He is regular student (Negative). (b) He is never late to attend his classes (affirmative). (c) He wants to be a doctor to serve people (complex). For this reason, he has been working hard. (d) He sits to read when it is time to read (Simple). (e) He is loved by his parents, teachers and friends. (Active).

 

a. He is not irregular student.

b. He is always punctual to attend his classes.

c. He wants to be a doctor so that he can serve people.

d. At the time of reading he sits to read.

e. His parents, teachers and friends love him.

30. I read in a big school. It stands in a district town. (a) It is one of the most famous schools in our district. (Comparative) (b) The school was established in 1850. (Active) the river Modhumati flows by the side of the school. (c) The scenery of the school is very charming. (Exclamatory). (d) There is a large flower garden in front of the school. (Complex) Most of the teachers of our school are highly qualified. (e) They are always sincere to their duties (Negative)

 

a. It is more famous than most other schools in our district.

b. Someone established the school in 1850.

c. How charming the scenery of the school is!

d. There is a large flower garden which is in front of the school.

e. They are never insincere to their duties.

 

 

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Mahbub Murad

Mahbub Murad

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