Transformation of Sentence for HSC Students

Transform the underlined sentences as directed brackets.

  1. (a) I was too young to have learnt to say no to a woman. (Negative) (b) I guess her hands are bigger than yours. (Positive) (c) All believe that English helps people get good jobs and better salaries. (Passive) (d) The roast was very delicious and the cook could not resist his temptation. (Simple) (e) Bangladesh is a very poor and populated country but she can open a lot of ways to be self-reliant. (Complex)

Answer: a. I was so young that I could not have learnt to say no to a woman. b. I guess your hands are not as big as hers. c. It is believed by all that English helps people get good jobs and better salaries. d. The roast was too delicious for the cook to resist his temptation. e. Though Bangladesh is a very poor and populated country, she can open a lot of ways to be self-reliant.

  1. (a) Education is much more than getting certificates. (Negative) (b) If we are not blind to our feelings, our metal horizon will be broadened. (Simple) (c) Along with this, our mind should always be equipped with rationality. (Active) (d) His father expressed happiness for his truthful son. (Complex) (e) Truthfulness is the greatest of all the virtues. (Positive)

Answer: (a) Getting certificates is not as much as education.  (b) Without being not blind to our feelings, our metal horizon will be broadened. (c) Along with this, we should always equip our mind with rationality. (d) His father expressed happiness which was for his truthful son. (e) No other virtue is as great as truthfulness.

  1. (a) It is one of the most major problems of Bangladesh (Positive). (b) The causes of traffic jam are many (Negative). In proportion to population, roads have not increased. (c) The Govt. should take drastic action to remove the shops of both sides of the roads (Complex). Moreover, numerous vehicles run over the roads every day. (d) Quite often traffic jam is caused by the undisciplined stoppage of the vehicles (Active). (e) We must follow the traffic rules strictly so that we can solve this major problem (Simple).

Answer: (a) Very few problems of Bangladesh are as major as it. (b) The causes of traffic jam are not few. (c) The Govt. should take drastic action so that the authority can remove the shops of both sides of the roads. (d) Quite often the undisciplined stoppage of the vehicles causes traffic jam. (e) We must follow the traffic rules strictly to solve this major problem.

  1. (a) Success is the most desired thing in human life (comparative). (b) Everybody wishes success in life (negative). (c) But success doesn’t come without hard work (affirmative).  (d) A successful person is followed everywhere (active).  (e) So, we should work hard for being successful in life (complex).

Answer: (a) Success is more desired than any other thing in human life.  (b) Nobody wishes failure in life.  (c) But success comes by hard work.  (d) People follow a successful person everywhere.  (e) So, we should work hard so that we can be successful in life.

  1. We are very much proud of our freedom fighters. (a) They fought for the country with a patriotic zeal (Make it compound). (b) They are the most courageous sons of our nation (Make it positive). (c) Everybody admires and respects them greatly (Make it passive). (d) Nobody denies their contribution to their motherland (Make it interrogative). (e) They will never be forgotten by their countrymen to the end (Make it affirmative).

Answer: (a) They had a patriotic zeal and so they fought for the country.  (b) No other son of our nation is as courageous as they. (c) They are greatly admired and respected by everybody.  (d) Who denies their contribution to their motherland? (e) They will always be remembered by their countrymen to the end.

  1. Success will not come to one’s life automatically. (a) Do you know it? (Passive) (b) An industrious boy will shine in life. (Complex) (c) A life with an assignment is an actual life. (Negative) (d) None can receive any reward unless he works hard. (Simple) (e) It is evident that industry is one of the greatest virtues. (Positive)

Answer: (a) Is it known to you? (b) A boy who is industrious will shine in life. (c) A life without an assignment is not an actual life. (d) None can receive any reward without working hard. (e) It is evident that very few virtues are as great as industry.

  1. (a) English is more used than any other language. (Positive) (b) Organizations frequently need employees who have a good command of English language. (Simple) (c) An English knowing person can earn better salary. (Passive) (d) We should learn English to make a room for us in this world of globalization. (Complex) (e) There are many organizations which provide training on English language. (Interrogative)

Answer: (a) No other language is as used as English. (b) Organizations frequently need employees having a good command of English language. (c) Better salary can be earned by an English knowing person. (d) We should learn English so that we can make a room for us in this world of globalization. (e) Aren’t there many organizations which provide training on English language?

  1. (a) Trees are considered as one of our best friends. (Active) (b) But by destroying trees we are creating danger. (Compound) (c) Deforestation is one of the biggest problems in our country. (Positive) (d) To save nature we must protect forests. (Negative) (e) If we do not save forests, our life will be in danger. (Simple)

Answer: (a) We consider trees as one of our best friends. (b) But we are destroying trees and creating danger. (c) Very few problems in our country are as big as Deforestation. (d) To save nature we cannot but protect forests. (e) Without saving forests, our life will be in danger.

  1. (a) Most of the people of our country are living in the rural areas (Make it interrogative without the change of meaning). (b) They are peace loving (Make it complex). (c) They are more patriotic and industrious (Make it negative). (d) They love their motherland profoundly (Make it passive). (e) Although they are insolvent, they do not adopt any unfair means to become rich overnight (Make it simple).

Answer: (a) Aren’t most of the people of our country living in the rural areas? (b) They are the people who are peace loving. (c) They are not less patriotic and industrious. (d) Their motherland is loved profoundly by them. (e) In spite of being insolvent, they do not adopt any unfair means to become rich overnight.

  1. (a) Rohingya crisis is one of the most alarming problems in the world. (Positive) (b) Although they are real inhabitants of Myanmar, they are now being tyrannized by the govt. and the army of Myanmar. (Simple) (c) The army of Myanmar killed thousands of people. (Passive) (d) The Govt. of Myanmar is trying to rule out the genocide to avoid global pressure. (Complex) (e) Many people wanted to save their lives, they entered into Bangladesh. (Complex)

Answer: (a) Very few problems in the world are as alarming as Rohingya crisis. (b) In spite of being real inhabitants of Myanmar, they are now being tyrannized by the govt. and the army of Myanmar. (c) Thousands of people were killed by the army of Myanmar. (d) The Govt. of Myanmar is trying to rule out the genocide so that they can avoid global pressure. (e) As many people wanted to save their lives, they entered into Bangladesh.

  1. (a) Eve-teasing is one of the most serious problems. (Positive) (b) It is an inhuman and barbarous act. (Complex) (c) The problem cannot be solved overnight. (Active) (d) We should create public awareness so that we can solve this problem. (Simple) (e) All eve teasers should be punished. (Negative)

Answer: (a) Very few problems are as serious as eve-teasing. (b) As it is a barbarous act, it is inhuman. (c) We cannot solve the problem overnight. (d) We should create public awareness to solve this problem. (e) All eve teasers should not be unpunished.

  1. (a) Jim and Della sacrificed their dearest possessions and they bought Christmas presents for each other (Compound). (b) Della had an ardent desire to give her husband a worthy gift (Complex). (c) Jim also thought how he could give his wife a nice gift (Simple). (d) Della saved a scanty amount of money for this (Passive). (e) Jim was one of the sincerest husbands that we have ever known (Positive).

Answer: (a) Jim and Della sacrificed their dearest possessions in order to buy Christmas presents for each other. (b) Della had an ardent desire which was to give her husband a worthy gift. (c) Jim also thought to give his wife a nice gift. (d) A scanty amount of money was saved for this by Della. (e) Very few husbands that we have ever known were as sincere as Jim.

  1. (a) Helal refused the money. (Negative) (b) Noman earnestly desires to see her once. (Exclamatory) (c) The house which I live in at present is comfortable. (Simple) (d) He delivered a speech and everybody admired it. (Simple) (e) It disturbed him but he did not know the reason. (Complex)

Answer: (a) Helal did not receive the money. (b) How earnestly Noman desires to see her once! (c) My present house is comfortable. (d) Everybody admired his delivered speech. (e) Though it disturbed him, he did not know the reason.

  1. (a) Cricket is nothing but an exciting game. (Make it interrogative) (b) People of all ages enjoy this game. (Make it passive) (c) At present cricket is not one of the most popular games in our country. (Make it positive) (d) Though cricket is a costly game, people of all classes enjoy playing it. (Make it simple) (e) Bangladesh is a test playing country. (Make it negative).

Answer: (a) Is cricket is anything without an exciting game? (b) This game is enjoyed by people of all ages. (c) At present very few games in our country are as popular as cricket. (d) In spite of cricket being a costly game, people of all classes enjoy playing it. (e) Bangladesh is not a non – test playing country.

  1. (a) Child labour is one of the biggest curses of the 21st century (positive). It is complete violation of human rights. (b) Unfortunately, it has been accepted in our society (complex). (c) Only poverty is responsible for this (negative). (d) In a family of five or six children, the parents have to send some of their kids to work so that they can fill their empty stomachs (simple). (e) Though these poor children have to do bone breaking work all day, in return they are rewarded with all kinds of abuse (compound).

Answer: (a) Very few curses of the 21st century are as big as child labour. (b) It is fortunate that it has been accepted in our society. (c) Nothing but poverty is responsible for this. (d) In a family of five or six children, the parents have to send some of their kids to work to fill their empty stomachs. (e) These poor children have to do bone breaking work all day but in return they are rewarded with all kinds of abuse.

  1. (a) January is the coldest month in Bangladesh. (Comparative) (b) The poor people suffer much. (Complex) (c) They make fire and warm themselves. (Simple) (d) During winter vegetables are cheap. (Complex) (e) Date juice during winter is very sweet. (Exclamatory)

Answer: January is colder than any other month in Bangladesh. (b) The people who are poor suffer much. (c) They make fire to warm themselves. (d) When it is winter, vegetables are cheap. (e) How sweet date juice is during winter!

  1. The name of our motherland is Bangladesh. It is a land of rivers. (a) The Jamuna is one of the biggest rivers in Bangladesh (Make it comparative). (b) When it is summer it becomes emaciated (Make it simple). (c) During the rainy season, it assumes a terrible shape (Make it complex). (d) Everybody knows it (Make it interrogative). (e) Tourists from home and abroad visit its shore (Make it passive).

Answer: (a) The Jamuna is bigger than most other rivers in Bangladesh. (b) During summer, it becomes emaciated. (c) When it is rainy season, it assumes a terrible shape. (d) Who doesn’t know it? (e) Its shore is visited by tourists from home and abroad.

  1. (a) Books are our best friends. (Comparative) (b) If we want to succeed in life, we have to read books. (Simple) (c) Good books guide us to the right path. (Passive) (d) We should read books to acquire knowledge. (Complex) (e) Only reading books can increase our intellect. (Negative)

Answer: (a) Books are our better than any other friend. (b) To succeed in life, we have to read books. (c) We are guided to the right path by good books. (d) We should read books so that we can acquire knowledge. (e) Nothing but reading books can increase our intellect.

  1. (a) It was twenty years ago and then I was living in Paris. (Simple) (b) Hadn’t I a tiny apartment in the Latin Quarters? (Assertive) (c) I was earning barely enough so that I could support myself. (Simple) (d) Reading a book of mine she had written to me about it. (Compound) (e) I answered (to her letter) and thanked her. (Simple)

Answer: (a) Twenty years ago I was living in Paris. (b) I had a tiny apartment in the Latin Quarters. (c) I was earning barely enough to support myself. (d) She read a book of mine and she had written to me about it. (e) Answering to her letter, I thanked her.

  1. Rabindranath, the 14th child of Debendranath wrote his first verse at the age of eight. (a) When he was 17 years old, he was sent for studies. (Simple) (b) He described London as a dismal city. (Passive) (c) Though he was happy in Brighton, a friend of the family persuaded his brother to send him to London. (Compound) (d) He was lucky to get a friendly English family. (Complex) (e) Rabindranath is one of the greatest poets in the world. (Positive) In 1880, Rabindranath was called back to India.

Answer: (a) At the age of 17, he was sent for studies. (b) London was described as a dismal city by him. (c) He was happy in Brighton but a friend of the family persuaded his brother to send him to London. (d) He was lucky because he got a friendly English family. (e) Very few poets in the world are as great as Rabindranath.

  1. (a) Though Bangladesh in not a big country, too many people live here. (Simple) (b) Most of the people are poor. (Negative) (c) They cannot send their children to school for poverty. (Complex) (d) The monsoon causes heavy rainfall. (Interrogative) (e) The country looks very beautiful. (Exclamatory)

Answer: a) In spite of Bangladesh being not a big country, too many people live here. (b) Most of the people are not rich. (c) They cannot send their children to school because they are poor. (d) Doesn’t the monsoon cause heavy rainfall? (e) How beautiful the country looks!

  1. (a) Cell phone is one of the greatest inventions. (Passive) (b) Scientists believe that cell phone causes brain tumours. (Compound) (c) Millions of people are getting benefits from cell phone but most are unaware of the danger of it. (Simple) (d) The consumers of cell phones are increasing day by day. (Interrogative) (e) But the children below 12 are affected much by mobile phones. (Active)

Answer: (a) Very few inventions are as great as cell phone. (b) Cell phone causes brain tumours and scientists believe it. (c) In spite of Millions of people getting benefits from cell phone, most are unaware of the danger of it. (d) Aren’t the consumers of cell phones increasing day by day? (e) But mobile phones affect the children below 12 much.

  1. Taimur was one of the greatest conquerors of the world. (a) Once Taimur attacked the province of a powerful prince. (Make it passive) (b) He entered the kingdom of the prince and captured a large village. (Make a question) (c) As soon as the prince heard the news, he came with a large army. (Make it a negative sentence without changing the meaning) (d) The village was surrounded from all sides (Make it active) Taimur was defeated. (e) Taimur disguised himself as a poor traveller to survive. (Make it a complex sentence)

Answer: (a) Once the province of a powerful prince was attacked by Taimur. (b) Didn’t he enter the kingdom of the prince and capture a large village? (c) No sooner had the prince heard the news than he came with a large army. (d) Villagers surrounded the village from all sides. (e) Taimur disguised himself as a poor traveller so that he could survive.

  1. (a) Day to day life in Dhaka is expensive. (Negative). (b) People living below the poverty line lead a miserable life. (Complex), (c) Price hike is one of the biggest problems for them. (Positive) (d) The government has taken necessary measures to keep the price hike under control. (Passive) (e) The people who are greedy are responsible for price spiral. (Simple)

Answer: (a) Day to day life in Dhaka is not cheap. (b) People who are living below the poverty line lead a miserable life. (c) Very few problems for them are as big as price hike. (d) Necessary measures have been taken by the government to keep the price hike under control. (e) Greedy people are responsible for price spiral.

  1. (a) The truth is he is absent (simple). (b) Our present house suits us (complex). (c) We sow so that we may reap (compound). (d) Very few subjects are as easy as this (comparative). (e) He tried all plans (Negative).

Answer: (a) His absence is true. (b) Our house where we live at present suits us. (c) We sow and we may reap. (d) This subject is easier than most other subjects. (e) He left no plan untried.

  1. (a) Sundarbans that is unique creation of nature is called the 52th World’s Heritage Site. (Simple) (b) It is called the mangrove forest. (Active) It is situated in the Southern part of Bangladesh. (c) It is one of the biggest mangrove forests in the world. (Positive) (d) Sundarbans protects southern part of our country in time of our natural disaster. (Complex) (e) Many people go to the Sundarbans to observe natural beauties. (Compound)

Answer: (a) Sundarbans, a unique creation of nature, is called the 52th World’s Heritage Site. (b) We call it the mangrove forest. (c) Very few mangrove forests in the world are as big as it. (d) Sundarbans protects southern part of our country when there is the time of our natural disaster. (e) Many people go to the Sundarbans and they observe natural beauties.

  1. Robert Bruce was the king of England. His army was defeated again and again by king Edward 1 of England. (a) Being defeated for six times, he lost all hopes (Make it compound). (b) He fled away to save his life (Make it complex). One day he was lying in a cave in a forest. (c) He noticed that a spider was trying to reach the top of the steep wall of the cave (Make it simple). (d) It fell down again and again (Make it negative). But it did not give up its attempts. At its seventh attempt, it succeeded in reaching the top. (e) The spider encouraged Bruce very much (Passive).

Answer: (a) He was defeated for six times and so he lost all hopes. (b) He fled away so that he could save his life. (c) He noticed a spider trying to reach the top of the steep wall of the cave. (d) Didn’t he fall down again and again? Or He did not remain steady. (e) Bruce was encouraged very much by the spider.

  1. (a) Cox’s Bazar is the largest sea beach in the world. (Comparative) (b) Thousands of people visit Cox’s Bazar every year. (Negative) (c)  Winter is better than most other seasons to visit Cox’s Bazar. (Superlative) (d)  The scenery of Cox’s Bazar is very charming. (Exclamatory) (e)  The people of Cox’s Bazar serve the tourists sincerely. (Passive voice)

Answer: (a) Cox’s Bazar is larger than any other sea beach in the world. (b) Don’t thousands of people visit Cox’s Bazar every year?  (c)  Winter is one of the best seasons to visit Cox’s Bazar. (d) How charming the scenery of Cox’s Bazar is! (e)  The tourists are served sincerely by people of Cox’s Bazar.

  1. (a) Acquiring a language is more successful than learning (Positive). (b) Teachers encourage the learners of a second language to practice the language (Passive). (c) Students who wish to earn proficiency in a language should practice the language (Simple). (d) Communicative competence can be acquired in two ways (Active). (e) Language plays a very important role in our life (Exclamatory).

Answer: (a) Learning is not as successful as acquiring a language. (b) The learners of a second language are encouraged to practice the language by teachers. (c) Students wishing to earn proficiency in a language should practice the language. (d) Students can acquire communicative competence in two ways. (e) What an important role language plays in our life.

  1. (a) Watching violent stories, young people become violent. (Compound) (b) I recognized her at first glance and helped her recognized me. (Passive) (c) He had to feel pity for the lion. (Negative) (d) Man is the best of all creatures. (Positive) (e) It burns prettier than any other wood. (Superlative)

Answer: (a) Young people watch violent stories and so they become violent. (b) She was recognized at first glance and helped to recognize me. (c) He could not but feel pity for the lion. (d) No other creature is as good as man. (e) It burns the prettiest wood.

  1. (a) One who begs for alms is called a beggar. (Make it simple sentence) (b) Begging is regarded as a serious social problem because it encourages idleness and apathy to work. (Make it compound sentence) (c) There are some professional beggars. (Make it complex sentence) (d) They find begging easier than working. (Make it positive degree) (e) Arrangements should be made to turn them into a working force. (Make it active)

Answer: (a) A beggar begs for alms. (b) Begging encourages idleness and apathy to work and so it is regarded as a serious social problem. (c) There are some beggars who are professional. (d) They find working is not as easy as begging. (e) Government should make arrangements to turn them into a working force.

  1. (a) Mita has heard many stories about ghosts (Passive). (b) Once she went to her aunt’s house to spend a few days (Complex). (c) Finishing supper, she went to bed (Compound). (d) Suddenly she woke up hearing a fearful cry (Interrogative). (e) It was one of the most fearful incidents in her life (Positive).

Answer: (a) Many stories about ghosts have been heard by Mita.  (b) Once she went to her aunt’s house so that she could spend a few days. (c) She finished and then she went to bed.  (d) Didn’t she wake up hearing a fearful cry suddenly? (e) Very few incidents in her life were as fearful as it.

Changing Sentence

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