SSC Model Test – 2017 (12)
English 1st Paper
Full Marks: 50 Time: 1 Hour
Reading Text (Seen Passage) (Marks-50)
Read the following passage and then answer the questions below it
Human can neither change the sun’s radiation nor the earth’s orbit around the sun. But humans can control the increase in the amount of greenhouse gases and its effect on the atmosphere and we humans can be held responsible for this. The main cause of the increase in carbon dioxide level in the atmosphere is the burning of fossil fuels.
Since the end of the 19th Century, industrial activities increased rapidly giving rise to many factories. These factories required energy, which was produced through the combustion of coal. Besides coal, other sources of energy such as mineral oil and natural gas were also burned to heat our houses, move cars and airplanes or to produce electricity. Nowadays, about 85 million barrels of crude oil are burned daily. Every time a fossil raw material is burned, it releases carbon dioxide into the air.
Therefore, it is clear that more and more greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide are being generated worldwide by human beings. Moreover, we are also strengthening the greenhouse effect by deforestation which means cutting down trees. Every year enormous areas of forests are destroyed by people to obtain wood and to clear regions for mining and to create pasture. This loss of the forest causes duel problems. Trees that are burned down release a large volume of carbon dioxide gas into the air. On the other hand, an important carbon dioxide storehouse is destroyed with the forests as forests absorb a lot of carbon dioxide from the air and deliver oxygen instead.
1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives: 1×7=7
a) The main cause of the increase in carbon dioxide level in the atmosphere is ——-
i) deforestation ii) the burning of fossil fuels iii) afforestation iv) desertification
b) Which of the following indicates ‘concentration has been raised alarmingly?’
i) oxygen ii) radiation iii) atmosphere iv) carbon dioxide
c) Carbon dioxide gas is ——–.
i) toxic ii) lucid iii) hazy iv) pure
d) The word ‘enormous’ means ———-.
i) massive ii) small iii) few iv) some
e) Combustion means the process of ——
i) burning ii) planting iii) using iv) processing
f) What do the factories require?
i) water ii) air iii) energy iv) sunlight
g) What part of speech is ‘changing’?
i) verb ii) adjective iii) noun iv) adverb
2. Answer the following questions. 1×5=05
a) From your reading of the first paragraph how we are responsible for
the increase of greenhouse gases.
b) “Human can neither change the sun’s radiation nor the earth’s orbit
around the sun.” Why? What they can?
c) What is the main cause of the increase in carbon dioxide level in the
atmosphere? Describe in brief.
d) Briefly describe why enormous areas of forests are destroyed by
people every year.
e) What is the main theme of the passage?
Read the following passage to answer the question number 3
Meherjan lives in a slum on the Sirajgonj Town Protection Embankment. Her polythene roofed shelter looks like a cage. She is nearly 45 but looks more than her age. In front of her shelter, she is trying to make a fire to cook the day’s only meal. Her weak hands tremble as she adds some fallen leaves and straw to the fire. The whispering wind from the river Jamuna makes the fire unsteady. The dancing of the flames reminds Meherjan of the turmoil in her life. Not long ago Meherjan had everything — a family, cultivable land and cattle. The erosion of the Jamuna consumed gradually all her landed property. It finally claimed her last shelter during the last monsoon. It took the river only a day to demolish Meher’s house, trees, vegetable garden and the bamboo bush. She had a happy family once. Over the years, she lost her husband and her family to diseases that cruel hunger and poverty brought to the family. Now, she is the only one left to live on with the loss and the pain. The greedy Jamuna has shattered her dreams and happiness. There are thousand others waiting to share the same fate with Meherjan. Bangladesh is a land of rivers that affect its people. Erosion is a harsh reality for the people living along the river banks. During each monsoon many more villages are threatened by the roaring of rivers like the Jamuna, the Padma and the Meghna. It is estimated that river erosion makes at least 100,000 people homeless every year in Bangladesh. In fact, river erosion is one of the main dangers caused by climate change. If we can’t take prompt actions to adapt to climate change, there will be thousands of more Meherjans in our towns and villages every year.
3. Fill in the gap in the following passage with a suitable word of your own based on the information from the text: 1×5=05
Meherjan, a homeless woman, lives in a (a) ___ on the Sirajgonj Town Protection Embankment. She lost her shelter and properties (b) ___ of the erosion of the Jamuna. Her husband died of diseases caused by poverty and (c) ___. River erosion is still (d) ___ threats to the lives and properties of thousands of people. Meherjan’s life is only an example of the (e) ___ of climate change in our country.
4. Read the passage carefully and answer the questions following it.
Today the Olympic Games are the most exciting and amusing games all over the world. Each time it comes with new excitement and expectations. From the very beginning, different countries have been participating in the games to prove their athletic capabilities. If we look at the number of medals won by each country, we can find it easy to judge which the best one is. In the last Olympic Games the USA won 121 medals in total which include 46 gold, 37 silver and 38 bronze. Great Britain won 67 medals in total including 27 gold, 23 silver and 17 bronze. China won 26 gold, 18 silver and 26 bronze making the total of 70 medals.
|Recipient Countries||Gold Medals||Silver Medals||Bronze Medals||Total Medals|
|America||46||(i) —–||38||(ii) —–|
|Great Britain||(iii) —–||23||17||67|
|China||26||(iv) —–||26||(v) —–|
5. Write a summary of the above passage in your own words. 10
6. Match the parts of sentences given in column ‘A’ and column
‘B’ to write five complete sentences. There are more parts of
sentences in column ‘B’ than required. 1×5=5
|Column A||Column B||Column C|
|a) Bangladesh is blessed||i) an ecologically critical area||i) and Kulaura railway to the west|
|b) Hakaluki haor is||ii) the Khshiara river to the north||ii) open water resources|
|c) With a vast land area it||iii) one of the major||iii) in April 1999 by the govt.|
|d) This haor was declared||iv) with huge inland||iv) hand livelihood to many people|
|e) It is bounded by||v) supports a rich biodiversity||v) wetlands of Bangladesh|
7. Put the following parts of the story in correct order to rewrite the whole story. 8
a) He was born in 1256 in Venice, Italy.
b) Actually at that time journey was very difficult because of no speedy vehicles.
c) He was accompanied by his father and uncle.
d) For transport they used ships, camels, horses and donkeys.
e) Marco Polo was an adventurous man.
f) It took the Polos over three years to reach China.
g) In 1271, he set out from Venice to China.
h) They had travelled by land and sea, over mountains and across deserts.
Mahbub Murad (Lecturer of English)
Examiner (Dhaka Board)