Practice of Transformation of Sentence

Change the sentences according to directions. 

1. a) Unemployment is a state when a man has no work to earn money. (Simple)              b) It is a social evil which hampers the progress of social life. (Compound)                        c) The prosperity of a social depends upon the reasonable income of its able-bodied persons. (Complex)                                                                                                                            d) This increases the per capital income. (Passive)                                                                  e) Unemployment is a social evil which must be cured at any cost. (Neg.)                         f) The government should take some measures in this regard. (Passive)                       g) The government cannot solve this problem. (Interrogative)                                              h) The young people should find some ways to be employed. (Complex)                            i) Only perseverance of the young people can solve this problem. (Neg.)                        J) We cannot but solve this problem. (Affirmative)

2. (a) Once two women quarreled over a baby, each claiming the baby as her own. (Compound)

b) As the dispute was not settled, they were brought to a judge for a settlement (Simple) c)The judge left no stone unturned to solve the problem (Affirmative)                                       d) He also tried his best to make them accept the truth but both  clung to their claims. (Simple)                                                                                                                                                e) The wise judge then ordered the executioner to cut the baby into two equal parts. (Passive)                                                                                                                                              f) At this, one woman remained quiet but the other one cried out in sorrow (Complex)        g) The real mother did not want to kill his son. (Interrogative)                                                     h) So, he decided to leave her demand. (Passive)                                                                       i) The fake mother gladly accepted his proposal. (Negative)                                                      J) Then the judge gave the baby to the weeping mother and punished the other one. (Simple)

3. (a) Truthfulness is the greatest of all virtues. (Positive) b) This virtue makes a man really great. (Complex)      c) If we do not cultivate the habit of speaking the truth; we cannot command the confidence of others. (Affirmative)

d) A lie never lies unhidden. (Affirmative)

e) All hate him. (Negative)                                                                                                                   f) Nobody likes him. (Affirmative)                                                                                                      g) All despise him without considering his social status. (Complex)                                        h) Therefore, the habit of speaking the truth must be formed from the very childhood.  (Active)                                                                                                                                                  i) We should know that speaking the truth is the most rewarding thing in life. (Comparative)                                                                                                                                        J) Only then we must be happy in life. (Negative)

4. (a) My friend invited me to pay a visit to Cox’s Bazar. (Complex)                                                 b) I was very glad. (Negative)                                                                                                            c) I accepted the invitation gladly. (Passive)                                                                                     d) When I reached there, my friend received me cordially. (Simple)                                         e) I was excited to see the sea-beach. (Exclamatory)                                                                    f) It is the largest sea-beach in the world. (Comparative)                                                          g) It is one of the most beautiful sea-beaches in the world. (Positive)                                      h) It is called the pleasure seekers paradise.  (Active)                                                                 i) Every year a lot of people come to visit it. (Complex)                                                         J) It I could visit the sea-beach! (Assertive)

5. (a) Once two women quarreled over a baby, each claiming the baby as her own. (Compound)

b) As the dispute was not settled, they were brought to a judge for a settlement (Simple)

c)The judge left no stone unturned to solve the problem (Affirmative)                                     d) He also tried his best to make them accept the truth but both  clung to their claims. (Simple)

e) The wise judge then ordered the executioner to cut the baby into two equal parts. (Passive)

f) At this, one woman remained quiet but the other one cried out in sorrow (Complex)

g) The real mother did not want to kill his son.(Interrogative)                                                         h) So, he decided to leave her demand.(Passive)                                                                         i) The fake mother gladly accepted  his proposal.(Negative)                                                        J) Then the judge gave the baby to the weeping mother and punished the other one .(Simple)

6. a) Actually Mother Teresa was a noble hearted person. (Complex)                                         b) Mother Teresa was very passionate woman. (Exclamatory)                                                    c) She set up ‘Pure Heart’ at Calcutta. (Passive)                                                                         d) I was very excited to see the sea beach. (Complex)                                                                 e) The freedom fighters who died in the liberation war are called martyrs. (Simple).             f) He did not misuse his wealth  (Affirmative)

g) The government has taken some steps to improve their condition. (Passive)

h) If an examinee answers all the questions, the examiner becomes glad to see that. (Simple)

i) At first glance the question seems difficult.  (Negative)

j) Without following the process, you cannot bring a good result in the examination. (Compound)

7. (a) Child labor is the biggest of all curses of the 21st century. (Comparative)               

 b) Unfortunately this has become accepted in our society (Compound)

c) Only poverty is responsible for this. (Complex)

d) The books of great writers contain noble thoughts and great ideas. (Complex)

e) I need one kg guava because it will be the substitute of Australian apple. (Simple)

f) Only poverty is responsible for child labor. (Complex)

g) Experts say that three of women a week are being burnt with acid in Bangladesh. (Simple)

h) The policy regarding its import and sale is being ignored by businessmen.  (Complex)

i) The prosperity of a society depends upon the reasonable income of its able-bodied persons. (Complex)

J) The young people should find some ways to be employed. (Complex)

8. a) Most of the students waste their valuable time. (Complex)

b) Ruplal made a nice little hut for himself in the jungle. (Passive)

c) I accepted the invitation gladly. (Passive)

d) An angry man is not as favorite as others. (Superlative)

e) He who is taken by anger causes a lot of troubles. (Compound)

f) The government is sincere in solving this crime. (Complex)

g) Unless we stop it, our education will be questioned. (Complex)

h) The judge left no stone unturned to solve the problem.  (Affirmative)

i) He also tried his best to make them accept the truth but both clung to their claims. (Simple)

J) A successful person is happier than many other persons. (Comparative)

9. a) Terrorism is a devastating phenomenon of the modern world. (Exclamatory)

b) At present it is increasing alarmingly. (Interrogative)

c) Nothing is as disastrous as terrorism. (Comparative)

d) It is one of the most corrosive problems of the modern world. (Positive)

e) A terrorist is hated by people. (Active)

f) Who is not now in the threat of violence? (Assertive)

g) Though there is law to punish terrorists, they are not properly applied. (Compound)

h) By applying the law properly, we can get rid of terrorism. (Complex)

i) What a miserable life a terrorist leads! (Assertive)

J) They should be brought to book. (Active)                                                                                                                                   

10. a) Computer is the most important invention of modern science. (Complex)

b) It helps us to know about the world. (Compound)

c) It is greater than all other inventions of modern science. (Superlative)

d) Everybody knows the importance of computer. (Passive)

e) Cox’s Bazar is called the pleasure seeker’s paradise. (Active)

f) Very few sea beaches in the world are as large and attractive as Cox’s Bazar sea beach. (Comparative)

g) It was twenty years ago and I was living in Paris. (Complex)

h) A lady had read a book of mine and had written to me about it. (Complex)

i) Only the graduates can apply for the post. (Negative)

J) Actually greet begins only disaster. (Negative)

11. a) The target of a frugal man is to save money for future. (Complex)

b) A frugal man is happier than a prodigal man. (Comparative)

c) Water is polluted by throwing waste into it. (Complex)

d. Refugee crisis has become a common affair throughout the world. (Complex)

e. There are many conflicting areas in different continents. (Complex)

f. Who loves a failure student then? (Assertive)

g. If a student fails in the examination, he suffers from inferior complexity. (Simple)

h. There are more than two types of internet. (Negative)

i. Snow white was the fairest of all women. (Positive)

j. The queen was convinced at the activity of her hunter. (Active)

12. a) Once an old sailor killed an innocent bird, albatross. (Complex)

b) The wind stopped blowing and the ship came to a standstill. (Complex)

c) They became so thirsty that they could not speak. (Simple)

d. Fear filled their hearts as soon as they saw it. (Passive)

e. It was an extraordinary ship. (Complex)

f. The old sailor saw that his companions falling down death. (Simple)

g. The ship of death sailed away leaving him alone. (Compound)

h. He was the only man alive. (Complex)

i. For seven days he tried to pray but could not break the sailors’ cures. (Simple)

j. At last God took pity on him. (Negative)

13. a) A healthy poor man is happier than a sick moneyed man. (Positive)

b) Health can be improved by regular physical exercise and a balanced diet. (Active)

c) She is not as ugly as you said. (Comparative)

d) The man is not frugal at all. (Affirmative)

e) The freedom fighters are the real heroes. (Compound)

f) A computer is greater than all other inventions of modern science.

g) Little boys and girls make merriment and amuse themselves. (Simple)

h) Poets of all languages have sung highly of a moonlit night. (Complex)

i) The visibility of beautiful nature at night makes the vision mysterious. (Complex)

j) Do or die. (Simple)

14. a) Campus violence is a common phenomenon nowadays. (Interrogative)

b) Every student of the universities is a victim of it. (Negative)

c) How horrible campus violence is! (Assertive)

d) Political leaders use our innocent students as tools. (Passive)

e) Many innocent students fall victim to it. (Complex)

f) Political will is needed to solve this problem. (Active)

g) Campus violence is the worst of any evil. (Positive)

h) It is sure that campus violence is an evil. (Simple)

i) No other phenomenon is as harmful as campus violence for the students. (Superlative)

J) People believe that student politics should be stopped. (Compound)

15. a) Water logging is one of the worst problems of Dhaka city. (positive)

b) People suffer a lot for water logging. (interrogative)

c) The city dwellers are the worst victim. (Complex)

d) Government has taken some measures to solve this problem. (Passive)

e) This problem must be addressed properly. (active)

f) What a miserable life we lead in the rainy season! (assertive)

g) We cannot but go with this problem. (Affirmative)

h) No other phenomenon is as intolerable as this problem. (superlative)

i) The people who live in the slum suffer terribly. (simple)

j) Nothing is as bad as this problem. (comparative)

16. a) Copying in the examination is a social crime. (Interrogative)

b) It is a very serious crime. (Exclamatory)

c) The student who copies in the examination deceives himself. (Simple)

d) Copying in the examination cannot bring any benefit. (Passive)

e) What a shameful practice it is! (Assertive)

f) By resisting this malady we can strengthen our education system. (Complex)

g) If we fail to stop it, our education will be questioned. (Simple)

h) Our examination system should be moderated. (Active)

i) Nothing is as hateful as copying in the examination. (Comparative)

j) The govt. is sincere in removing this crime. (Negative)

17. a) Charles Babbage was not a non- British mathematician. (Affirmative)

b) He was born on 26 December 1791 and probably it was in London. (Complex)

c) He was often unwell in his childhood. (Negative)

d) In 1810 he went to Cambridge University so that he could satiate his interest in mathematics. (Compound)

e) After his graduation the Royal Institution hired him to lecture on calculus. (Passive)

f) In 1820 Babbage worked on his ‘Different Engine’ a machine to perform mechanical calculation. (Complex)                                                                                                                      g) His ‘Different Engine 1’ was not as big and good as ‘Different Engine 2’.(Comparative)

h) What a complex machine his invention ‘Analytical Engine’ was! (Assertive)

i) People remember him as the pioneer of computer for his invention. (Passive)

j) When it was on 18 October 1817, he died in London at his home. (Simple)

18. a) Barisal Zilla School is older than many other government schools in Bangladesh. (Positive) b) The school got established in 1829. (Active)                                           c) It is situated at the heart of Barisal city. (Complex)

d) The students who are studying here enjoy a lot of facilities. (Simple)

e) For becoming real human beings, they make the best use of these

facilities. (Complex)

f) As they cultivate the good qualities in behavior, they will certainly

lead the nation in future. (Simple)

g) All the teachers here are very hopeful to build up the career of these

future leaders. (Negative)

h) If they don’t remain conscious, the institution may lose its reputation.

(Compound)

i) Everybody seems to be sincere and serious when they discharge their

duties. (Simple)

j) Most people want to get their issues admitted in this school. (Complex)

 

19. a) Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world. (Positive)

b) It is not possible for her to provide employment to all these people.

(Affirmative)                                                        c) People can train themselves in different professions. (Passive)

d) She can export manpower to other countries by training them of

different professions. (Passive)

e) In the way, she may earn a lot of foreign exchange. (Interrogative)

f) Then she will remain to the position different from the present state.

(Complex)

g) Other nations must respect us. (Negative)

h) We are confident that Bangalee nation will be the leader of the world.

(Compound)

i) It will make her one of the most solvent countries in the world.

(Comparative)

j) We all shall be pleased with that condition of our dearest motherland.

(Active)

 

 

                               Directed by:

                      Mahbub Murad  (Lecturer in English)                                                                                            Examiner: Dhaka Board 

                    Writer and Editor: Naba Puthighar Publication;

                    Founder: Online Educare.com;  fb/mmuraddu

                    Cell: 01761519111

 

 

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