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Mar 23

mazhar 01740163613

Parts of Speech

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The parts of speech

Every word of a sentence is a parts of speech.

There are 8 kinds of parts of speech.
They are:

1.Noun.
2.Pronoun.
3.Adjective.
4.Verb.
5.Adverb.
6.preposition.
7.conjunction.
8.Interjection.

Noun: A Noun is the name of anything.
Examples:a.Mazhar sir is my favourite teacher.
b.Mazhar lives in Dhaka.
c.Water is life.
d.Honesty is the best policy.
e.Honey tastes sweet.
f.Milk is a nutritious food.

Similarly,:
Mazhar,Dhaka,Monika,Mitu,Sajuti, Sanzida,sujon,Anisa, Muntaha,Sakir,water,salt,oil, Sugar,Rice,Tea,Honey, Orange,mango,pineapple, chair,table,pen, book,moon,sun,class,Honesty,Tongi,Rasulpur,gafargaon,mymensingh ,milk,girl,student,teacher, garlic, boy,goat, hen,cat,crow, gold, mother, father etc..

2.Pronoun:A pronoun is a word used in the place of a Noun.

Examples:a.He is a student.
b.They are playing.
c.we enjoyed the game.
d.she is a nice girl.
e.you are my best friend

Similarly – He,she,they, you,me,your,my,mine, them,him,her,us, our, it,this,that,these,those etc are the examples of pronoun.

3.Adjective :
An adjective is a word which modifies a Noun or a Pronoun.

Examples:a.Mr Mazhar is an honest man.
b.Sanzida is a good student.
c.Anisa is a litte girl.
d.I help the poor.
e.They have a flower garden.
f.He bought five books,
g.The cow gives us much milk.

Similarly: Good,bad,tall,red,poor, rich,one,four,thirty,much,many,old,new,beautiful,ugly,dark, etc are the examples of adjective.

4.Verb: A verb is a word which does something.

Examples:a.He goes to school.
b.Mother makes tea.
c.The girl is dancing.

Similarly: go,eat,read,make,do,teach,write,open,clean,come,see,hear,sit,sleep,etc..

Adverb: A verb is a word which modifies a verb or an adjective.

Examples:very,fast,early,slowly,well,soon,quickly,poorly,gladly,slowly,here,quite,etc.

6.Preposition: A preposition is a word which places before a Noun or pronoun to show its relation with some other words in a sentence.

Examples: in,on,at,by,to,for,above,up,into,under,upon,behind,after,with,over, from,etc..

7. Conjunction: A conjunction is a word which joins one or more words,phrases words or clauses together in a sentence.

Examples: But,and,or,yet,if,till,untill,because, unless,though,while,that etc..

Interjection: An interjection is a word which expresses an emotion word.

Examples: Alas!,hurrah !,hello!, hush!, fie!,oh! etc..

Classification of Noun

Noun :
There are mainly two kinds of nouns.
They are :1. Concrete Noun .
2.Abstract Noun.

1. Concrete Noun : A concrete Noun is the name of something which has physical existence and which can be realized through the sense.

such as: a. The flower is beautiful.
b. Mahinur Akter Monika is a beautiful girl.
c. Cock crows.
d. The boys are playing.
e. The girl is dancing.

There are four kinds of concrete noun. They are :

a.Proper noun.

b. common noun.

c.collective noun.

d. Material noun.

a. Proper noun: A proper noun is the name of a particular man, place or thing. Such as:
a. Mr Mazhar is a good writer.
b. His writing is very interesting.
c. Mr Mazhar lives in a village named Rasulpur

Examples: Mitu, Anisa, Muntaha, sanzida, sajuti, shaon, Gafargaon, mymensingh, Tongi, Rasulpur, India, Japan, Bangladesh,The padma,The holy Quran, The daily star, The moon,The sun etc.

b. Common Noun:
A common Noun is the common name of every person or thing of the same kind.
Such as: Cow, girl, boy, man, woman, pen, dog, River, Rose, pen, book, friend , TV, mobile, newspaper etc.

Examples: a. The cow is a domestic animal.
b. The girl is very beautiful.
c. The teachers of Rasulpur high school are very good.
d. The teacher is teaching.

c. Collective noun:
A collective Noun is the name of a collection of things taken considered as one undivided whole.

Examples: Army, class, meeting, group, club, Team, Family, Library, party, Flock, Bundle, Board, Army, jury, Navy, etc.

d. Material Noun:
A material Noun is the name of material or substance which can not be counted but measured.
such as: Milk, water, Iron, Tea, oil, gold, rice, sugar, salt, etc.

2. Abstract Noun:
An abstract noun is the name of quality, action or state of a person or thing.
such as: Honesty, Freedom, Education, Patience, Honesty, happiness, kindness, truth, illness, patience etc.

Pronoun and its classifications

Pronoun and its classifications

There are 8 kinds of pronoun. They are :
1. Personal Pronoun.
2. Demonstrative Pronoun.
3. Interrogative pronoun.
4. Relative Pronoun.
5. Indefinite pronoun.
6. Distributive Pronoun.
7. Reflexive pronoun.
8. Reciprocal pronoun.

1. Personal pronoun:
A personal pronoun is a word used in the place of any person.

Examples: I, We, my, us, our, your, you, she, he, they, their, them, his, her, him, it, its, mine, yours etc.

Similarly, a. I am a teacher.
b. This is my pen.
c. We are playing.
d. I love him.
e. The pen is mine.
f. My name is Mahinur akter Monika.
g. He is a writer.
h. She is class 7.
i. They are friends.

There are 3 kinds of personal pronoun.
a. First person : I, We, me, us, our, my, mine, ours etc.

b. Second person: You, your, yours etc.
c. Third person: He, she, they, it, her, him, his, them, etc.

But* First person singular Number: I, My, mine, me.
*First person plural Number:
We, us, our, ours.
*Second person singular : You, your,
*Second person plural: you, your’s.
*Third person singular:
He, she, her, his, she, it.
*Third person plural:
They, them, their, its.

Demonstrative Pronoun: A demonstrative pronoun is a word used to point out some person or things.
such as: a. This is a book.
b. That is a pen.
c. That is your bag.
d. These are my pens.
e. Those are your pencils.

3. Interrogative pronoun: An interrogative pronoun is a word used for asking a question.

Such as: a. What is your name?
b. What class do you read in?
c. Whose pen is this?
d. Whom do you love?
e. Which book do you want?
f. Who are playing?
g. Who is the first girl in the class?
h. Whose house is this?
i. Whose books are these?
j. Whom do you want?
k. Which is your house?
l. Which are your books?
m. What is your father?
n. What do you want?

4. Relative pronoun:
a. This is the pen which you want.
b. The girl whom I love is a good student.
c. We helped the girl whose father died last year.
d. I have seen the the girl who has done this.
e. I came to know that you need a book.
f. I know the girl who is a good student.
g. The girl who came here yesterday is my beloved.
h. Send the book which is new.
i. This is the shirt which I bought last month.
j. This is the baby who cried .
k. This is the patient that was taken to hospital.
l. This is the mobile that I bought yesterday.
k. These are book that I borrowed from Monika.
l. It is I who am responsible for this.
m. This is the boy who has lost his books.
n. It is you who are to blame.
o. This is the lady lost her bag.
p. I know who has done the work.
q. listen to what I say.
r. I bought what he made.
s. I understood what he said.

5. Indefinite pronoun:
An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun which points out indefinite person or thing.

Such as: one, any, Both, none, some, anyone, someone, no one, anybody, another, all many, few etc.

Examples: a. One should do one’s duty.
b. Any of the boys can do the work.
c. Both of them helped me.
d. None of them helped him.
e. Both of them are present.
d. Some are born genius.

6. Distributive pronoun:
A distributive pronoun is a word used to refer person or thing one at a time.

Such as: a. Each of the boys will get prize.
b. Either of the books will do.
c. Neither of two pens is good .
d. Everyone of them is present.

7. Reflexive pronoun:
Reflexive pronoun is a pronoun which turns back upon the subject to indicate the action done by the subject.

Such as: a. He killed himself.
b. I work myself.
c. You hurt yourself.
d. He did the sum himself.
e. She fans herself.
f. Allah helps those who help themselves.

Examples: myself, ourselves, yourself ,yourselves, themselves, himself, herself and itself etc.

8.Reciprocal pronoun:
Reciprocal pronoun is a pronoun which indicates relation between two or more persons.

Such as: a. The two brothers help each other.
b. They love one another.
c. They stood against one another.
d. Three girl were quarreling one another.
e. Monika and Mitu love each other.
f. The two girls hate each other.
g. The two boys help each other.
h. Monika and Mitu help each other.
i. The two friends were talking each other about their love.
j. The two girls love each other.
k. Three women help one another.
l. The students loved one another.
m. They liked one another.

N.B: a. To indicate relation between two, each other is used.
b. To indicate relation among more then two, one another is used.

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About the author

mazhar 01740163613

Muhammad mazharul islam, B .A (hons in english), M.A(English) , National university.

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