Typical Techniques of Audio-lingual Method

Typical Techniques of Audio-lingual Method  

1) Dialog Memorization
      (Students memorize an opening dialog using mimicry and applied role-playing)

(2)  Backward Build-up (Expansion Drill)

      (Teacher breaks a line into several parts, students repeat each part starting at the end of the sentence and “expanding” backwards through the sentence, adding each part in sequence)

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Typical Techniques of Direct Method

Typical Techniques of Direct Method

1)  Reading Aloud

    (Reading sections of passages, plays or dialogues out loud)

(2)  Question and Answer Exercise

      (Asking questions in the target language and having students answer in full sentences)

(3)  Student Self-Correction (Teacher facilitates opportunities for students to self correct using follow-up questions, tone, etc)

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Characteristics of Direct Method

Characteristics of Direct Method

(1)  Classroom instruction is conducted exclusively in the target language.

(2)  Only everyday vocabulary and sentences are taught.

(3)  Oral communication skills are built up in a carefully traded progression organized around question-and-answer exchanges between teachers and students in small, intensive classes.

(4)  Grammar is taught inductively. Continue reading

Typical Techniques of Grammar Translation Method

Typical Techniques of Grammar Translation Method

(1)  Translation of a Literary Passage

      (Translating target language to native language)

(2)  Reading Comprehension Questions

      (Finding information in a passage, making inferences and relating to personal experience)

(3)  Antonyms/Synonyms

      (Finding antonyms and synonyms for words or sets of words).

(4) Cognates

      (Learning spelling/sound patterns that correspond between L1 and the target language)

(5)  Deductive Application of Rule

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Characteristics of Grammar Translation Method

Characteristics of Grammar Translation Method

(1)  Classes are taught in the mother tongue, with little active use of the target language.

(2)  Much vocabulary is taught in the form of lists of isolated words.

(3)  Long elaborate explanations of the intricacies of grammar are given.

(4)  Grammar provides the rules for putting words together, and instruction often focuses on the form and inflection of words. 

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7th March Speech of Bangabandhu

                        7th March Speech  

My brothers,

I stand before you today with a heart overflowing with grief. You are fully aware of the events that are going on and understand their import. We have been trying to do our best to cope with the situation. And yet, unfortunately, the streets of Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi and Rangpur are awash with the blood of our brothers. The people of Bengal now want to be free, the people of Bengal now want to live, and the people of Bengal now want their rights.

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A Paragraph on 7th March Speech

                   7th March Speech

7th March Speech is regarded as the most historical speech in Bangladesh which was delivered by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on 7th March, 1971 at Ramna Race Course Maydan in Dhaka. About 2 million of people were present there. It was delivered during a period of rising tensions between East Pakistan and the powerful political and military establishment of West Pakistan. In the speech, Rahman proclaimed: “This time, the struggle is for our freedom. This time, the struggle is for our independence.” The speech inspired the Bangalees to prepare for a war of independence amid widespread reports of armed mobilization by West Pakistan and he called upon all Bangalees of then East Pakistan to launch a significant struggle against the Pakistani occupation forces indicating for taking all-out preparations for the War of Liberation. However, the speech effectively declared the independence of Bangladesh. The speech composes a faithful documentation of how the failure of post-colonial nation-states to develop inclusive, democratic society alienates their population belonging to different ethnic, cultural, linguistic or religious groups. The speech of 7th March has inspired the whole nation to take part in liberation war and free our country from the enemy. At the same way, this speech has touched the soul of every Bangladeshi and even after 1971 this speech has encouraged and guided us to build up our nation. Really, it was an eye-opening declaration for the nation. It’s a matter of great pride for us that UNESCO has recognized the speech and so now the whole world will know about the historic speech.

A Composition on Banga Bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

A Composition on Banga Bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Banga Bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the Founding Father of the Nation of Bangladesh and first president of Bangladesh, was born on March 17, 1920, in Tungipara village in the Faridpur district in erstwhile East Pakistan. Personally he was a great patriot and he built his career in East Pakistan as an active politician. He played a major role in counteracting exploitation and other unjust actions of the power holders of West Pakistan towards people of East Pakistan. He was the first President of Bangladesh. Later he became the Prime Minister of Bangladesh from March 1971 until his assassination in August 1975. He is considered to be the driving force behind the independence of Bangladesh. Continue reading

Sample English Question for JSC Examination

Sample question for JSC examination
Full Marks : 100
Time : 3 hours
Subject: English

A :Seen part

Bangladeshi cuisine is rich and varied with the use of many spices. We have delicious and appetizing food , snacks and sweets .

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A Composition on ‘Female Education’

Female Education
Education is a light to which everybody has the equal right . God has created both man and woman equally . He has drawn no distinct distinction between man and woman . Woman constitute half of our population . No development is possible without full participation of woman . So education is a must for both man and woman . Continue reading