Literary Term: Catharsis, Dramatic Monologue, Character, Characterization, Chorus, One act play

1. Catharsis: Catharsis is the emotional arouse which makes pity and fear to the audiences after watching the end of tragedy.   

2. Dramatic Monologue: A speech delivered when a character is either alone or isolated on the stage.  In dramatic monologue or soliloquy, the character freely gives vent to his feelings. The audience overhears the character talking himself or herself. The Monologues could be private as well as public.  Continue reading

Literary Term: Drama, Scene, Comedy, Tragedy, Tragic Hero, Protagonist

1. Drama: Drama is a form of literature which is written in dramatic dialogue form to be performed by some characters on the stage before the audience. A drama can be compared to the mountain. It comes to life when it is taken in the performance of actors who accept the roles of characters and speak the dialogues.

2. Scene: A scene is an event of a drama. It is also a subdivision of an act in a drama that usually does not involve a change of locale or a shift in time.  Continue reading

Critical Analysis of Mowing by Robert Frost

Mowing

Robert Frost

There was never a sound beside the wood but one,

And that was my long scythe whispering to the ground.

What was it it whispered? I knew not well myself;

Perhaps it was something about the heat of the sun,

Something, perhaps, about the lack of sound— Continue reading

Age of Chaucer

Age of Chaucer (1350-1400):

Personal life: Geoffrey Chaucer was born in England in 1340. He was the son of John Chaucer. He had very good relation with the dwellers of the town where he grew up. He had a business of alcohol. His life was momentous. In his personal life he was royal and he got a lot of honor. In his family he had two sons named Thomas and Lvi. At the age of 60 he died in 1400. He is considered as the best writer, poet and author of this era. His life was totally pompous.

Most important works of Chaucer: Continue reading

Period of Restoration

Characteristics of this Era:

a. The old ideas have been broken.

b. Some literary men have been driven out from England by the king.

c. One of the most common features of this era was directness and simplicity of expression; for this excellent tendency our literature is greatly indebted.

Poet: John Donne (1631-1700)

Famous works: All for love, Antony and Cleopatra, Absalom and Achitophel etc. Continue reading

Paragraph on Women’s Contribution

Women’s Contribution to the Society

From the beginning of the world women have been contributing a lot to build the nation more strong and fruitful beside the male. In spite of their important support they are not given so much privilege to express themselves freely in the society. In the ancient society women were looked upon without any dignity and honor. They were considered as the mere instruments of serving the family affairs. So they did not get proper education, respect even food. They were not given any opportunity to go outside of their houses.  But with the progress of civilization, the outlook and the attitude of the world towards women have totally changed. Continue reading

Rearrange on Charles Dickens

a) Dickens had to work in a factory at the age of twelve.

b) He could not go to school and receive education.

c) Even during his life time he was very popular.

d) He wrote some of the best novels in English literature.

e) Charles Dickens was one of the greatest English novelists of the 19th century. Continue reading

Rearrange on Alexander

(i) Alexander, the king of Macedon, crossed the Khayber pass and reached India.        

(ii) Then he came to the plain of the Punjab.

(iii) Alexander was pleased with Porus for his bold reply.

(iv) There ruled a king called Porus.  Continue reading

Rearrange about Androcles

12. Rewrite the sentences in the proper order to make a continuous paragraph: 14

i) The lion was relieved of his pain.

ii) To escape torture, one day he fled from his master’s house.

iii) It was unbearable for him.

iv) He took the lion’s paw in his hand and removed a big thorn from it.

v) He used to inflict heavy torture on him.

vi) The merchant sold him to a rich man in another country. Continue reading

Vocabulary Test (Set 02)

1. Veil, knock, looking, Saw, sweet, indeed, perfect,  perfection, dress, trade, Against, thinking, beautiful, live.

Once upon a time there (a) — in the city of Baghdad a young bachelor who was by (b) — a porter. One day he sat in the market place leaning idly (c) — his basket. A young woman (d) — in rare silks and cloaked in a gold-embroidered mantle, stopped before him and gently raised her (e) —. Beneath it there showed dark eyes with long lashes and lineaments of (f) — beauty. `Lift up your basket, porter’, she said in a (g) — voice and follow me.’ At once the porter took up his basket, (h) — to himself, This is (i) — a lucky day!’ He followed her until she stopped at the door of a house and (j) —. Continue reading