Fill in the blanks with suitable linking words from the list.
1. That is why, if, not only, secondly, but also, thus, in fact
Owls are familiar birds. Many people think that they are not only ugly (a) _____ useless. They might be ugly but not useless. (b) _____, they are the farmers’ friends because they eat mice and rats which destroy their grains. Owl sleeps in the day time and comes out at night and hunts its food. Mice and rats also hunt their food. (c) _____ it is easy for owl to kill so many mice and rats. Owls eat (d) _____ mice and rats but also insects. Many insects harm crops. (e) _____ by eating mice, rats, and insects, owls help us.
2. So, although, anyhow, sometimes, as, while, whatever.
Many fishermen go to fish at night. The night may be dark, cold and stormy. (a) _____ they are going to a big river or to the sea, their families are anxious for their safe return. (b) _____ fishermen go away from home for many days and fish in the deep waters or in the sea far from home. Most of the shipping boats do not have radios on them. (c) _____ the fishermen at sea cannot listen to the weather warning. (d) _____, fishermen work hard, most of them are poor. (e) _____ they are poor, they do not have money.
3. Firstly, whenever, as a result, perhaps, anyhow, so, once.
(a) _____ an old farmer had some animals. He loved them so much that he himself took care of them properly. (b) _____ that is why his animals were always strong and healthy. Once, the farmer had been sick for several months. (c) _____, he engaged a servant to look after the animals. The bull did not like the young son of the farmer because he had annoyed the bull on some occasions. The bull had been so annoyed that (d) _____ it saw him, it tore up the earth with the horns most dreadfully. So, for the safety of the young man, the bull was kept in chain. (e) _____ he could not do any harm to the young.
4. As, as a result, if, else, still, actually, however
Illiteracy is a curse of our country. (a) _____ we are responsible for our being illiterate. (b) _____, our government has taken several steps to remove illiteracy from our country. Illiteracy causes great harm to us. (c) _____ we do not understand, we cannot take steps to improve our poor condition. (d) _____ we are lagging behind. We are dependent on foreign grants. (e) _____ we are not aware of the importance of illiteracy, we will not be able to change our lot. So, we should be careful of the fact from now on.
5. In fact, undoubtedly, when, similarly, then, furthermore, again, otherwise
There can be no life without food. (a) _____ there can be no food without soil. (b) _____ the soil needs food. If we do not give food, the plant will be weak. The same crop should not be grown in the same place every year. (c) _____ a change of crop and the use of good fertilizer will keep the land in good condition. (d) _____ the soil is dry and the wind flows it away, the soil will soon look like a desert. The farmer should prevent this by growing trees near his fields. This will stop the force of the wind. (e) _____ we have to face many natural calamities.
6. Anyway, otherwise, once, because, moreover, on the contrary, at least
(a) _____ we have many things to perform on the earth. We should be kind and sympathetic to our parents (b) _____ they are the best gifts of God to their issues. (c) _____ we should remember that they are next to God. (d) _____ everybody should be careful of them (e) _____, God will not be kind to us.
7. However, for this reason, unfortunately, on the contrary, because, if, reason
(a) _____ a student does not learn his lessons properly; the examination will be tough for him. (b) _____ the examination will be very easy for him if he takes proper preparation. The night before the exam is not always joyous for him. Feelings, of course, differ from examinee to examinee. (c) _____ it is some time like a bad dream. (d) _____ most of our students are negligent in their studies. (e) _____, there is much hurry and tension among the students the night before the examination.
8. So that, as, in order to, but, while, and.
There lived a poor (a) _____ honest farmer in a village. He lived very simple life with his wife (b) _____ children. (c) _____ he was poor he worked on his farm from dawn to dusk. One day (d) _____ he was working to his field, he suddenly saw a purse of gold on the road. He carried it home (e) _____ he could show it to his wife and children.
9. At the same time, otherwise, so, last of all, besides, moreover, not only
The rapid growth of population must be controlled. (a) _____ all sorts of attempts to solve food problem will fail. (b) _____ we have to increase our food production very rapidly. We may mostly solve our food problem by changing our traditional food habit. (c) _____ we can take potato instead of rice. (d) _____ it is high time we changed our eating habit. (e) _____ knowledge of nutritive value of food can help to solve our food problem to a great extent.
10. Who, when, while, because, or, though, that
(a) _____ taking food, we should bear in mind (b) _____ we do not eat just to satisfy our hunger (c) _____ to fill the belly. We eat to preserve our health. Some people (d) _____ live in the midst of plenty, do not eat the food they need for good health (e) _____ they have no knowledge of the science of health and nutrition.
11. Besides, while, but, yet, next, first, even
Men of great place have many limitations. (a) _____ they cannot think and judge independently. (b) _____, they have to show that they are happy, (c) _____ in reality they are not. (d) _____, they are strangers to themselves, and (e) _____ they are in puzzle of business, they find little time to look after their own body and mind.
12. Because, so, hence, as a result, truly speaking, yet, apparently
(a) _____ a king is the happiest man in the world (b) _____ he suffers from no want. (c) _____, uneasy lies the head that wears the crown. A king remains in tension about the safety of his throne. (d) _____ he enjoys the least peace of mind. (e) _____ we see peace and affluence are different things.
13. Besides, that, and, if, so, both, because
Teaching is such a profession (a) _____ helps to build a nation. A teacher is (b) _____ a guide (c) _____ a pioneer. He has to dedicate to this noble profession in order to guide the nation. (d) _____ he is called an architect of a new society. (e) _____ he neglects his duties, surely the social discipline will be broken down.
Answers of the Questions
6. a. any way b. because c. moreover d. on the contrary e. otherwise
7. a. if b. however c. on the contrary d. unfortunately e. for this reason
8. a. but b. and c. as d. while e. so that
9. a. otherwise b. at the same time c. moreover d. so e. last of all
10. a. while b. that c. or d. who e. because
11. a. first b. next c. but d. besides e. yet
12. a. apparently b. because c. yet d. truly speaking e. so
13. a. that b. both c. and d. besides e. if