HSC Model Test – 2018,
English 1st Paper
Time: 90 Minutes Full Marks: 60
Read the passage below and answer the following questions 1 and 2.
As a child you must have been told to greet your elders and visitors to your
home according to your culture and tradition. You must also have been taught to be polite in company and keep quiet while others, especially your elders, spoke. Possibly, you at times grudged such schooling. Possibly, at times you even protested such disciplining. Now, certainly you know that you can’t always behave the way you want especially in the presence of others. There are rules of behavior you have to follow in a company. We are social beings and have to consider the effect of our behavior on others, even if we are at home and dealing with our family members.
We have two terms to describe our social behavior- ‘etiquette’ and ‘manners.’ ‘Etiquette; is a French word and it means the rules of correct behavior in society. The word ‘manners’ means the behavior that is considered to be polite in a particular society or culture. Manners can be good or bad. For example, it is a bad manner to speak with food in one’s mouth. No one likes a bad-mannered person. Remember that etiquette and manners vary from culture to culture and from society to society. We learn etiquette and manners from our parents, families and various institutions,
such as schools, colleges or professional bodies. There are rules of behavior for all kinds of social occasions and it is important to learn them and practice them in everyday life. The manners that are correct in a wedding reception will not do in a debating club. Therefore, we have to be careful about etiquette and manners. We know how important it is to say ‘please’ and ‘thank you’ in everyday life. A few more polite expressions such as ‘pardon me,’ ‘excuse me’, ‘may I,’ are bound to make your day smooth and pleasant.
1. A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives. 1×5=5
(a) The word ‘grudge’ can be replaced by-
(i) envy (ii) unwilling to allow
(iii) anger (iv) hated
(b) The best synonym of the world ‘presence’ is –
(i) absence (ii) appearance
(iii) attendance (iv) abstinence
(c) The word ‘smooth’ means-
(i) smile (ii) smell (iii) easy (iv) equal
(d) The phrase ‘bound to’ means –
(i) obligatory (ii) oblivion (iii) obvious (iv) obey
(e) The word ‘careful’ stands for–
(i) doubtful (ii) carefree (iii) aware (iv) strength
2. Answer the following questions. 2×5=10
(a) What are the traits of our behavior before the elders? Write 2/3 sentences
(b) What is manner? Can you mention some bad manners?
(c) What is the major difference between manner and etiquette?
(d) What are the institutions that we learn etiquette from?
(e) How does a child become acquainted with its culture? Write in detail.
3. Read the following text and make a flow chart showing the key developments during the time of adolescence. (One is done for you) 1×5=05
The time of adolescence is a period of preparation for adulthood during which one experiences several key developments. Besides physical and sexual maturation, these experiences include movement toward social and economic independence, development of identity, the acquisition of skills needed to carry out adult relationships and roles and the capacity for abstract reasoning. While adolescence is a time of tremendous growth and potential, it is also a time of considerable risks during which social contexts exert powerful influences.
|1. Physical maturation||2||3||4||5||6|
4. Write a summary of the following poem in your own words. (not more than 50 words) 10
O father and mother if buds are nipped,
And blossoms blown away;
And if the tender plants are stripped
Of their joy in the springing day,
By sorrow and care’s dismay, –
How shall the summer arise in joy,
Or the summer fruits appear?
Or how shall we gather what griefs destroy,
Or bless the mellowing year,
When the blasts of winter appear?
5. Read the following text and fill in the blanks with suitable word from the box. There are more words than needed. Make any grammatical change if necessary. 1×10=10
Many adolescents (a) —– pressure to use alcohol, cigarettes, or other drugs and to (b) —– sexual relationships (c) —— themselves at high risk for intentional and unintentional injuries, unintended pregnancies, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), (d) —– the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Many also (e) —— a wide range of adjustment and mental health problems. Behaviour patterns that (f) —— established during this period such as the (g) —— or avoidance of drugs and (h) —— or (i) —— from sexual risk can have long-lasting negative and positive effects on future health and well-being. As a result, adults (j) —– unique opportunities to influence adolescents.
6. Fill in the blanks with appropriate word in each gap. 1×10=10 (a) —— a sensitive High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) method (b) —— by the Food Safety Lab, 66 samples were analyzed for the presence of formaldehyde. Adulteration (c) —— thereby detected in samples of coriander, mango and fresh shrimps. The tests (d) —— that poultry feed in the country had also been (e) ——, as samples of chicken and fish contained traces of antibiotics. High microbial populations were (f) —— in several samples of pasteurized milk, (g) —— poor processing procedures by the manufacturers. Samples of cucumber and street foods also (h) —— high microbial populations, suggesting widespread contamination in the water supply. The Director of Institute of Public Health (IPH), told the Dhaka Tribune that the survey report has been (i) —— to the Health Ministry. Further tests of different products were being (j) —— out at the Food Safety Lab.
7. Rearrange the following sentences to make coherent order. 1×10=10
- a) The lion was relieved of his pain.
b) To escape torture, one day he fled from his master’s house.
c) He took the lion’s paw in his hand and removed a big thorn from it.
d) The merchant sold him to a rich man in another country.
e) The lion seemed wounded as he was groaning.
f) He came near the lion.
g) He took shelter in a cave where a lion lived.
h) In the evening the lion entered the cave.
i) The man was very rude and cruel. j) Once there lived a young man named Androcles who he was caught by a slave merchant.
Mahbub Murad (Lecturer in English)
Examiner (Dhaka Board)
Writer and Editor: Naba Puthighar Publication;