PART-A : Seen Comprehension (40 Marks)
Read the following passage and answer the questions 1-4:
In recent years, there have been many alarming reports that the world’s climate is undergoing a significant change. All these reports provide strong evidence that world temperatures are increasing day by day. This increase in global warming is caused by increased amounts of carbon dioxide around the earth. Most climatologists believe that the greenhouse effect is the likely cause of this global warming. What is the greenhouse effect? It is the gradual warming of the air surrounding the earth as a result of heat being trapped by environment pollution. This is exemplified by the destruction and burning down of tropical rain forests, by traffic that clogs up city streets, by the rapid growth of industry, the use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in packaging and manufacturing commercial products, the use of detergents such as washing powder and washing-up liquid and so on. The oceans are also said to be affected both because of human waste and because of pollution caused by industrial waste products, oil seeping from damaged supertankers and from other maritime disasters. However, the main culprits for global warming are carbon dioxide gas, produced by the burning of fossil fuels and forests, and pollutants such as methane and chlorofluorocarbons. Climatologists predict that midway through the next century; temperatures may have risen by as much as 4 C. This could catastrophically reduce mankind’s ability to grow food, destroy or severely damage wildlife and wilderness, raise sea levels and thereby flood coastal areas and farmland. The alarming news about Bangladesh is that as a result of the rise of the sea level, the lower southern part of the country may one day go under water.
1. Choose the right word/ phrase to complete each sentence. 5
(a) According to majority of the climatologists, the greenhouse effect is the plausible/ probable/ prime cause of the global warming.
(b) The global warming may have a disastrous/magnificent/heinous effect on life on earth.
(c) The burning of fossil fuels, forest and various pollutants is the effect/ root/ source of carbon dioxide gas.
(d) The dumping of industrial wastes and waste-products into the ocean effect/ causes/ diminishes environment pollution.
(e) The rise of temperature may one day damages/ swallow/ submerge the lower southern part of Bangladesh.
2. True/false? If false, give the correct information. 5
(a) Carbon dioxide gas is the only culprit for global warming.
(b) The greenhouse effect is a global phenomenon.
(c) Fossil fuels and forests are some of the main culprits for global warming.
(d) The greenhouse effect can be diminished if we can reduce the environmental pollution.
(e) Global warming is good for the cold countries of the world.
3. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of words given in brackets. Add any prepositions if necessary. 5
(a) The greenhouse effect may be the cause of (destruct) — wildlife and wilderness.
(b) According to the (believe) — the climatologists, the greenhouse effect is the most likely cause of the global warming.
(c) If the sea level rises abnormally, we have reason to be (worry).
(d) Carbon dioxide is (produce) — the burning of fossil fuels and forests.
(e) Even the oceans are getting (pollution) —.
4. Make a list of five effects of global warming. 5
Read the passage below and answer questions 5-8:
Sports are a popular form of entertainment. Many international sporting events are organized from time to time. Most of these events are sponsored by multinational manufacturing companies and business firms. They pay for the sports events in exchange for the right to advertise their products during those events. These events are telecast worldwide b satellite and people all over the world watch them live. As a result, the sponsors’ products receive maximum media coverage thus giving companies international recognition. This is only the commercial aspect of international sport but there are other aspects too. The sports venue becomes a meeting place of people from different countries. When people of different nations get together on the occasion of an international sporting event, they come closer to each other, sharing views, opinions and friendship. This opportunity creates a sense of brotherhood and a spirit of mutual co-operation among them. Moreover, getting acquainted with different cultures helps to break down prejudice and broaden outlook. If globalization has anything to do with the development of international relationship, then sports can certainly contribute in a big way to this.
5. Write short answers to the following questions. 5
(a) Who help to organize the international sporting events?
(b) Why do companies and business firms sponsor international sporting events?
(c) How are the events telecast?
(d) How do the people of different nations come close to each other?
(e) Do sports play any role for international relationship?
6. Fill in the gaps with suitable words: 5
The world cup cricket’99 was arranged in England. This event was sponsored by (a)—and (b)—. England became a meeting place of (c)—from different countries. About twelve (d)—participated at this event. This event is (e)—important in growing international relationship.
7. Summarize five important points of the above passage. 5
8. Make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow chart showing the positive effects of sports. (No. 1 has been done). 5
PART-B: Vocabulary (20 Marks)
9. Fill in the gaps with suitable words from the box. (Make any grammatical changes, if necessary): 10
Once upon a time, there was a King who was very fond of (a)—his future from the astrologers. A famous astrologer (b)—to stop at his capital on his way to Benaras. The King called on him to know about his future and the astrologer told him something (c)—. At this the King got (d)—and condemned him to (e)—saying, ‘Men like you should not live to (f)—the peace of the world.’ But another thought had crossed his mind before the astrologer was removed for (g)—. ‘How long will you live?’ asked the King. With ready (h)—the astrologer said, ‘The stars (i)—that I shall die only a week before your majesty. So, good bye.’ Hearing this, the King turned pale like a dead man and should. ‘Drive this (j)—away, let him not come here again.’
10. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word. 10
Many events of (a)—importance took place during the last century. Significant advances were made in the (b)—of science and technology. Many European colonies (c)—independence. The movement for democracy become (d)—in many parts of the world. Two world. Two world wars (e)—out in this century. It also witnessed the misuse of atomic energy. Two cities of Japan were completely (f)—as a result of the dropping of atom bombs. The Vietnam war and the gulf war killed (g)—of innocent people. However, the emergence of Bangladesh as an (h)—nation was a momentous event. After a bloody (i)—of nine months, Bangladesh was born. Now we hold our heads (j)—in the comity of nations.
PART-C: Guided Writing (40 Marks)
11. Match the phrases in the following substitution table to make sensible sentences. Write out the sentences in full. 12
12. Re-write the following jumbled sentences in the proper order and in continuous paragraph. 14
i. It was his duty to guard the trees.
ii. The caretaker at once carried out his master’s order.
iii. It was the time for mangoes.
iv. So he was very angry with the caretaker.
v. ‘It was my duty to guard the trees and not to taste the fruits.’
vi. Once upon a time, there lived a rich man.
vii. One day the rich man came to the garden with some of this friends and relatives.
viii. He employed a caretaker for the garden.
ix. He asked the caretaker to fetch some ripe sweet mangoes.
x. The rich man and his friends and relatives tasted the fruits but all of them were sour.
xi. The rich man said to caretaker, ‘You are a fool because you have been a caretaker here for so many years, but you do not know which mangoes are sweet.’
xii. He was fond of fruits.
xiii. ‘How should I know it, Sir?’ said the caretaker.
xiv. He had a large garden full of fruit frees.
13. Write a paragraph of about 150 words based on the following questions. Give as much detail as possible. 14
(a) What is global warming?
(b) How does it affect our environment?
(c) What disaster may happen?
(d) What is the main culprit of global warming?
(e) How can we prevent it?
Ans. to the ques. no. 01
(a) probable (b) disastrous (c) source (d) causes (e) submerge
Ans. to the ques. no. 02
(a) False, Correct answer: Carbon dioxide gas is the main culprit for global warming.
(c) False, Correct answer: Burning of fossil fuels and forests are some of the main culprits for global warming.
(e) False, Correct answer: Global warming is harmful for the whole world.
Ans. to the ques. no. 03
(a) destruction of (b) belief of (c) worried (d) produced by (e) polluted
Ans. to the ques. no. 04
(i) reduces mankind’s ability to grow food
(ii) destroys or severely damages wildlife and wilderness
(iii) raises sea levels
(iv) floods coastal areas and farmlands
(v) the lower southern part of the country may one day go under water
Ans. to the ques. no. 05
(a) Multinational manufacturing companies and business firms help to organize the international sporting events.
(b) Companies and business firms sponsor international sporting events to get international recognition of their companies.
(c) The events are telecast by satellite.
(d) The people of different nations come close to each other on the occasion of an international sporting events.
(e) Yes, sports help develop international relationship?
Ans. to the ques. no. 06
(a) Multinational manufacturing companies (b) business firms (c) people (d) teams (e) undoubtedly
Ans. to the ques. no. 07
Summary: Many international sporting events are organized from time to time at different venues of different countries. People of different nations get together on the occasion of an international sporting event. There they come closer to each other sharing views, opinions and friendship. The venues become a meeting place for people coming across the world. This opportunity creates a sense of brotherhood and a spirit of mutual co-operation among them.
Ans. to the ques. no. 08
1. A meeting place for different countries
2. helps to share views, opinions and friendship
3. creates a sense of brotherhood
4. crates a spirit of mutual co-operation
5. helps to break down prejudice
6. broadens outlook
Ans. to the ques. no. 09
(a) knowing (b) happened (c) unpleasant (d) furious
(e) death (f) spoil (g) execution (h) wit (i) declare (j) wretch
Ans. to the ques. no. 10
(a) international (b) fields (c) won/achieved (d) momentous (e) broke (f) ruined/damaged (g) thousands (h) independent (i) war (j) high
Ans. to the ques. no. 11
(i) No progress is possible without education. (ii) Superstitions grow when people are deprived of the light of education. (iii) Illiterate people do not have a sound knowledge of health and sanitation and population control. (iv) Education helps us live a healthy and planned life. (v) With the touch of education people become enlightened. (vi) It provides them with an awareness which is a prerequisite for any social development.
(Adopted from: The Daily Prothom alo)