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Jan 28

Mahbub Murad

Different Types of Adjectives and Their Uses

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Adjective: A word that is used to tell us more about a thing, such as its appearance, color, size, or other qualities; EG a pretty blue dress.is called adjective.

Adjectives of Quality: Adjectives of Quality answer the question ‘Of what kind’ Examples : Large, Small, Intelligent, Beautiful
Adjectives of Quantity: Adjectives of Quantity answer the question ‘How much’

Examples : Some, Little, Any, Enough 

Possessive Adjective: Possessive Adjective is the adjective which is used to point out the noun that belongs to someone and there are seven Possessive Adjectives. They are My, Your, Our, Their, His, Her and Its.

Example: This is my book. Your car is outside. His girl fried is waiting

Descriptive Adjective: Descriptive Adjective is the adjective that is used to tell the sorts of noun or quality.

Example: He is a tall man. They are good students. She is a beautiful girl.

Adjectives of Number: Adjectives of Number answer the question ‘How many’

Examples : Two, Seven, Second, Third

Numeral Adjective: Numeral Adjective is the adjective which is used to show the number of noun. There are three types of Numeral Adjective as follow.

a) Numeral Adjective

b) Indefinite Numeral Adjective

c) Distributive Numeral Adjective

a) Definite Numeral Adjective: Definitive Numeral Adjective is the adjective that is used to denote an exact number of nouns as first, second, third or one, two, three….

Example:

– Ankor Wat is the seventh wonders of the world. Ankor temple has got five towers.

b) Indefinite Numeral Adjective: Indefinite Numeral Adjective is the adjective which is used to denote an inexact number of nouns as some, any, much, many, little, a few….

Example: I have some friends here.  She has a few pictures. He has got much money.

b) Distributive Numeral Adjective: Descriptive Adjective is the adjective that is used to store one noun. They are every, each, another, other…

Example: Each student is very friendly. They speak to another person.

 Demonstrative Adjective: Demonstrative Adjective is the adjective which is used to point out the noun. They are this, these, that, and those.

Example: That man is very handsome. These girls are good-looking.

Interrogative Adjective: Interrogative Adjective is the adjective that is used to ask the question. They are where, what, which….

Example: Which animal do you like? Where doctor is he? What food do you prefer?

Classifying adjective: An adjective which is used to identify something as being of a particular type; EG Indian, wooden, mental. They do not have comparatives or superlatives. Compare with qualitative adjective. 

Color adjective: An adjective which has referred to a color; EG red, blue, scarlet, is called Color adjective.

‘Ing’ Adjective: An adjective which has the same form as the present participle of a verb; EG …a smiling face …a winning streak. ‘-ing’ form see present participle, is called ‘ing’ adjective.

A list of ‘-ing’ adjectives that describe an effect and which have a similar meaning to the usual meaning of the related verb:

 

alarming

amazing

amusing

annoying

appalling

astonishing

astounding

bewildering

boring

surprising

tempting

challenging

charming

compelling

confusing

convincing

demeaning

depressing

devastating

disappointing

terrifying

threatening

disgusting

distracting

distressing

distorting

embarrassing

enchanting

encouraging

entertaining

exciting

welcoming

worrying

frightening

harassing

humiliating

infuriating

inspiring

interesting

intimidating

intriguing

menacing

misleading

mocking

overwhelming

pleasing

refreshing

relaxing

rewarding

satisfying

shocking

sickening

startling

tiring

thrilling

 

Qualitative adjective: An adjective which is used to indicate a quality, and which is gradable; EG funny, intelligent, small. Compare with classifying adjective.

A small group of adjectives are used to emphasize your feelings about the person or thing you are talking about. These adjectives are called emphasizing adjectives, and they include adjectives such as ‘complete’, ‘absolute’, and ‘utter’.

A List of Emphasizing Adjectives:

 

absolute

complete

entire

outright

perfect

positive

pure

real

total

true

other

 

A List of Qualitative Adjectives:

 

active

angry

anxious

appropriate

attractive

bad

beautiful

big

calm

careful

cold

comfortable

common

complex

cool

curious

sad

safe

sensible

serious

sharp

shocked

short

busy

effective

efficient

expensive

fair

familiar

dangerous

dark

dear

deep

determined

different

difficult

dirty

dry

easy

significant

sure

surprised

sweet

tall

terrible

thick

 

famous

fast

fat

fine

firm

flat

frank

lovely

low

lucky

free

fresh

friendly

frightened

funny

good

great

happy

hard

heavy

tired

typical

narrow

nervous

new

nice

obvious

patient

silly

hot

important

interesting

kind

large

late

light

likely

long

loose

loud

warm

weak

worried

understanding

simple

slow

small

soft

special

steady

strange

strong

stupid

successful

suitable

plain

pleasant

poor

popular

powerful

reasonable

rich

rough

useful

violent

young

brief

bright

broad

cheap

clean

clear

close

odd

old

pale

high

thin

tight

tiny

pretty

proud

quick

quiet

rare

wet

wide

wild

sick

 

                     A List of Classifying Adjectives:

 

absolute

active

actual

agricultural

alternative

annual

apparent

available

basic

central

chemical

civil

straight

sufficient

theoretical

traditional

urban

communist

conservative

cultural

daily

democratic

direct

domestic

double

due

east

eastern

economic

educational

electric

empty

external

 

commercial

golden

historical

human

ideal

independent

industrial

inevitable

intellectual

internal

international

legal

local

standard

southern

possible

female

national

natural

negative

north

northern

nuclear

official

open

original

personal

physical

political

positive

west

western

wooden

potential

private

professional

proper

public

raw

ready

real

religious

revolutionary

right

royal

rural

scientific

separate

sexual

 

magic

male

medical

mental

military

modern

moral

foreign

free

full

general

single

social

solid

sooth

financial

wrong

 

A list of adjectives those are sometimes used to indicate the position of something as well as for precise reference:

 

left

right

upper

lower

lop

middle

end

front

back

bottom

 

A List of Qualitative Adjectives Always Used Attributively:

 

adoring

belated

chequered

choked

commanding

fateful

flagrant

fleeting

punishing

ramshackle

scant

searing

thankless

unenviable

knotty

paltry

 

A List of Classifying Adjectives Used Attributively:

 

atomic

bridal

cardiac

countless

cubic

digital

east

eastern

eventual

existing

forensic

indoor

institutional

introductory

investigative

judicial

lone

maximum

nationwide

neighboring

south

southern

subterranean

supplementary

underlying

west

reproductive

smokeless

remedial

north

northern

occasional

orchestral

outdoor

phonetic

preconceived

woolen

federal

 

 

A list of qualitative ‘-ed’ adjectives which have a similar meaning to the most common meaning of the related verb:

 

agitated

alarmed

amused

appalled

astonished

deprived

bored

confused

contented

delighted

depressed

disappointed

disgusted

disillusioned

distressed

embarrassed

puzzled

excited

frightened

inhibited

interested

pleased

preoccupied

satisfied

shocked

surprised

tired

troubled

worried

 

A list of qualitative ‘-ed’ adjectives which do not have a similar meaning to the usual meaning of the related verb:

 

animated

attached

concerned

strained

determined

disposed

disturbed

guarded

hurt

inclined

mixed

A list of classifying ‘-ed’ adjectives which have a similar meaning to the most common meaning of the related verb:

 

abandoned

armed

blocked

boiled

broken

canned

classified

closed

concentrated

divided

drawn

dried

established

fixed

furnished

haunted

hidden

improved

licensed

loaded

paid

painted

processed

reduced

required

torn

infected

integrated

known

united

wasted

condemned

cooked

trained

A List of Compound Qualitative Adjectives:

 

absent-minded

accident-prone

light-hearted

long-lasting

second-class

second-rate

tongue-tied

top-heavy

big-headed

short-handed

short-lived

short-sighted

short-tempered

slow-witted

smooth-talking

soft-hearted

 

clear-cut

close-fitting

cold-blooded

easy-going

far-fetched

far-reaching

good-looking

good-tempered

starry-eyed

strong-minded

stuck-up

sun-tanned

swollen-headed

tender-hearted

thick-skinned

trouble-free

 

hard-up

hard-wearing

ill-advised

kind-hearted

labor saving

laid-back

long-standing

long-suffering

two-faced

warm-hearted

well-balanced

well-behaved

well-dressed

well-known

well-off

two-edged

 

low-cut

low-paid

low-slung

mouth-watering

muddle-headed

narrow-minded

nice-looking

off-hand

off-putting

old-fashioned

one-sided

open-minded

run-down

shop-soiled

wind-blown

worldly-wise

wrong-headed

 

A List of Compound Classifying Adjectives:

 

air-conditioned

ail-out

all-powerful

audio-visual

blue-blooded

bow-legged

brand-new

breast-fed

broken-down

broken-hearted

built-up

middle-aged

never-ending

north-east

north-west

nuclear-free

odds-on

off-guard

bullet-proof

burnt-out

cast-off

clean-shaven

cross-Channel

cross-country

cut-price

deep-sea

deep-seated

double-barrelled

double-breasted

open-ended

open-mouthed

panic-stricken

part-time

present-day

purpose-

off-peak

drip-dry

drive-in

duty-bound

duty-free

empty-handed

face-saving

far-flung

first-class

free-range

free-standing

freeze-dried

front-page

full-blown

record-breaking

red-brick

remote-controlled

right-angled

right-handed

world-famous

worn-out

full-face

full-grown

full-length

full-scale

gilt-edged

grey-haired

half-price

half-yearly

hand-picked

high-heeled

home-made

ice-cold

interest-free

second-class

second-hand

see-through

silver-plated

single-handed

tax-free

tone-deaf

top-secret

unheard-of

knee-deep

last-minute

late-night

lead-free

left-handed

life-size

long-distance

long-lost

long-range

loose-leaf

made-up

man-eating

mass-produced

so-called

so-so

south-east

south-west

strong-arm

year-long

ready-made

built

one-way

wide-awake

 

 

 

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About the author

Mahbub Murad

Mahbub Murad

I am a Lecturer of English at Mohanagar Ideal College and the admin of this site. If anyone wants to share his/her idea or get any support, he or she can contract me. - Cell: 01761519111
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