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Jul 18

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Difference between Writing Discourse and Spoken Discourse

Difference between Writing Discourse/Text and Spoken Discourse/Text

1. Consistent: Written text is identical so that it can be understood by anybody who speaks the language; it can be read or spoken in any language or accent but spoken text is not identical so none can understand it properly.

2. Correct: Written text is often grammatically correct, whereas the spoken word is often used more flexibly and will often include more slang and abbreviations.

3. Complexity: Written discourse is more structurally complex and more elaborate than spoken discourse.

4. Expression: Written text is totally expressionless, but spoken text is full of expression.  

5. Sentence Pattern: Sentences in spoken discourse are short and simple, whereas they are longer and more complex in written discourse.

Lexical Density: Lexical Density refers to the relation of content words (i.e. nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs) to grammatical or function words (e.g. pronouns, prepositions, articles) within a clause.  

6. Lexically Dense: Written text is more lexically dense than spoken text. Content words are likely to be spread out over a number of clauses, whereas they seem to be tightly packed into individual clauses

7. Nominalization: Written discourse has a high level of nominalization. It has more nouns than verbs. Written discourse also uses longer groups of noun than spoken discourse.

8. Category: Categorically, writing is more explicit than speech.

9. Attachment: Spoken is more attached to context than writing because speech depends on a shared situation and background for interpretation.

10. Deficiency: Spoken text lacks organization and is ungrammatical because it is spontaneous, whereas written discourse is organized and grammatical.

11. Uncompleted sentences: Spoken text contains more uncompleted and reformulated sentences than writing text.

12. Changing: Topics of spoken text can be changed easily and speakers may interrupt and overlap than writing text.

12. Planning: Spoken discourse is planned, but it is planned differently from written discourse.

13. Holding: Spoken text holds more repetition, hesitations, and redundancy than writing text; because it is produced in real time (i.e. on the spot). Spoken discourse has also many pauses and fillers, such as ‘hhh’, ‘er.

 

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Mahir

8 comments

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  1. Mohsin Ahmed

    u ‘ve done a good work !!

  2. Mahir

    Thanks for sharing and receiving.

  3. A Rahman

    Your post is excellent!! carry on.

  4. Hadiul Islam

    That’s good writing,my dear friend.Carry on

  5. Hadiul Islam

    good writing

  6. Mohsin Ahmed

    plz do something for me.
    Give me a paragraph that is well compossed with discourse by you.

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