Summary of this poem: One dark evening, the narrator was going through woods which were filled up with snow. According to his view, it was the darkest evening of the year. So nothing was seen clearly. On the way suddenly he stopped beside a wood which was also covered with snow. But he did not know who the owner of the wood was. He again commanded that the owner did not know about his standing beside his wood because the owner was not present at that place. And nothing was seen from other side of the wood because of snow.
Then he again thought that the owner lived in town, and he was free to enjoy the beauty of the falling snow. When the narrator stopped there, the sledge horse was confused by his master’s behavior — stopping far away from any farmhouse — and it thought that his owner was making some mistake. So, he shook his attach bells in irritation. The narrator observed the beauties of nature and explained that- The woods are lovely, dark and deep. After a few more moments, the narrator reluctantly continued on his way. Then he promised to keep, And miles to go before he sleep.
Exploration: this poem is remarkably simple. It has sixteen lines and there is not a single three-syllable word and only sixteen two-syllable words. It is made up of four stanzas; each stanza bears four lines with four stressed syllables in iambic meter. The poem is considered as one of Frost’s most famous works; it is often advertised as an example of his life work.
When Frost was returning home after an unsuccessful trip at the market in a particularly difficult winter in New Hampshire, at that time he was inspired and created the poem. When he realized that he had not enough assets to buy Christmas presents for his children at that time was overwhelmed with depression and stopped his horse at a bend in the road in order to cry. After a few moments, his horse shook the bells to inform him to go. Then he was bound to leave the place, but he has “promises to keep.” It seems that the scenery that he had seen and the feelings that he gained from that place he cannot ignore even if he wants to forget because he observed complete isolation.
The poem consists of four (almost) identically constructed stanzas. Each of the line of this poem is iambic. Each line has four stressed syllables. Within the four lines of each stanza, except third line he used rhyme, but it sets up the rhymes for the next stanza.
The author Robert Frost has used very simple words and rustic language like William Wordsworth. So all of the sentences of this poem is easily understood after reading it.
Really the poem is lovely but entices us with dark depths—of interpretation, in this case. It stands alone and beautiful, the account of a man stopping by woods on a snowy evening, but gives us a come-hither look that begs us to load it with a full inventory of possible meanings.
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