Communicative Language Teaching Method Vs Audiolingual Method
(1) CLT: Meaning is paramount.
ALM: Attends to structure and form more than meaning.
(2) CLT: Dialogs, if used, center around communicative functions and are not normally memorized.
ALM: Demands more memorization of structure-based dialogs.
3) CLT: Contextualization is a basic premise.
ALM: Language items are not necessarily contextualized.
(4) CLT: Language learning is learning to communicate.
ALM: Language Learning is learning structures, sounds or words.
(5) CLT: Effective communication is sought.
ALM: Mastery or “overlearning” is sought.
(6) CLT: Drilling may occur, but peripherially.
ALM: Drilling is a central technique.
(7) CLT: Comprehensible pronunciation is sought.
ALM: Native-speaker-like pronunciation is sought.
(8) CLT: Any device which helps the learners is accepted – varying according to their age, interest, etc.
ALM: Grammatical explanation is avoided.
(9) CLT: Attempts to communicate may be encouraged from the very beginning.
ALM: Communicative activities only come after a long process of rigid drills and exrecises.
(10) CLT: Judicious use of native language is accepted where feasible.
ALM: The use of the students’ native language is forbidden.
(11) CLT: Translation may be used where students need or benefit from it.
ALM: Translation is forbidden at early levels.
(12) CLT: Reading and writing can start from the first day, if desired.
ALM: Reading and writing are deferred until speech is mastered.
13) CLT: The target linguistic system will be learned best through the process of struggling to communicate.
ALM: The target linguistic system will be learned through the overt teaching of the patterns of the system.
(14) CLT: Communicative competence is the desired goal.
ALM: Linguistic competence is the desired goal.
(15) CLT: Linguistic variation is a central concept in materials and methods.
ALM: Varieties of language are recognized but not emphasized.
(16) CLT: Sequencing is determined by any consideration of content function, or meaning which maintains interest.
ALM: The sequence of units is determined solely on principles of linguistic complexity.
(17) CLT: Teachers help learners in any way that motivates them to work with the language.
ALM: The teacher controls the learners and prevents them from doing anything that conflicts with the theory.
(18) CLT: Language is created by the individual often through trial and error.
ALM: “Language is habit” so error must be prevented at all costs.
(21) CLT: The teacher cannot know exactly what language the students will use.
ALM: The teacher is expected to specify the language that students are to use.
(22) CLT: Intrinsic motivation will spring from an interest in what is being communicated by the language.
ALM: Intrinsic motivation will spring from an interest in the structure of the language.