English Grammar Test

Choose the correct answers from the following sentences.

1. Choose a sentence with the right order.

a. We don’t often go to the cinema. b. We often don’t go to the cinema.

c. We don’t go often to the cinema. (a)

2. Sarah _____ (to cook) delicious food now.

a. cooks b. is cooking c. has cooked (b)

3. I was writing a letter while my mother _____ (cook).

a. cooked b. was cooking c. had cooked (b)

4. Cookies _____ (make) from milk, eggs and nut. Continue reading

Narration

Problem of Persons

 

without – object second person = first person or third person
RV: subject (1st person) + verb + (no object) second person = third person

 

Examples:

Direct Narration Indirect Narration
1. He said, “You are an idiot, Suresh.”

= He said to Suresh, “You are an idiot.”

He told Suresh that he (Suresh) was an idiot.
2. He said, “You are telling a lie, Leela.”

= He said to Leela, “You are telling a lie.”

He told Leela that she (Leela) was telling a lie.
3. He said, “Where are you going, mother?”

= He said to mother, “Where are you going?”

He asked mother where she was going.
4. He said, “Don’t make a noise.”

= He said to me/him/her, “Don’t make a noise.”

He asked me/him/her not to make a noise.
5. He said, “Bring a chair.”

He said to me/him/her, “Bring a chair.”

He ordered me/him/her to bring a chair.
6. He said, “How are you?”

He said to me/him/her, “How are you?”

He asked me/him/her how I/he/she was.
7. He said, “Open the gate.”

He said to me/him/her/us/them, “Open the gate.”

He told me/him/her/us/them to open the gate.
1. He said, “Congratulations!” He congratulated me.
2. She said, “Liar!” She called me a liar.

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Exercise of Articles

01.

That night (a) — Calipha Harun-ar-Rashid went out into (b) — streets and alley-ways of Baghdad in quest of (c) — new adventures. Disguised in (d) — merchant’s attire, he was accompanied by Jafor and others. It so happened that as they were roaming about (e) — city, they passed by (f) — house of (g) — three girls and heard (h) — sound of (i) — music and voices singing, Al-Rashid said to Jafor, “Would that we could enter this house so that we may listen to (j) — singers and find out who they are?” Continue reading

Transformation of Sentence

                     Transformation of Sentence

Assertive Sentence to Imperative Sentence

 

No Assertive Sentence Imperative Sentence
01. Subject (You) + verb + other words.  Verb + other words.

 

Assertive Sentence Imperative Sentence
You can win the match.You should respect the old. Win the match. Respect the old.

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Rules of Articles

 One > an > a : এক = একটি = একজন

This/that > the : টি = টা = খানা = খানি

Where they are used:

a/ an Or the + singular countable noun : a hat, the hat

the Or zero + plural countable : the hats, hats

the Or zero + uncountable : the water, water

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Transformation of Sentences

                         SSC Board Standard – 2016

Read the following passages and transform the underlined sentences as directed.

01. (a) Poverty is the greatest problem in our country (Positive). But we hardly realize that this miserable condition is our own creation. (b) Many do not try to better their condition by hard labor (Compound) (c) They only curse their fate (Passive). But this is not reality. (d) It is man who is the maker of his own fortune (Simple). So, they should work hard to improve their lot. (e) By working hard, they can remove their condition (Negative).

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Transformation of sentence

Transformation of sentence (Affirmative to Negative)

 

Rules Affirmative Negative
 

 

01

Only (If it indicates – person/ Allah) None but
Only (If it indicates – thing) Nothing but
Only (If it indicates – other: age; prize) Not more than/ not less than
Alone None but
02 As soon as … … …. No sooner had + Subject + v3 … ….
 

03

… must … Cannot but + v1/ cannot help + v-ing
… must have + v3 … Could not but + v1
04 … too … … to … … so … … that …
 

05

Superlative Positive
Comparative Positive
Positive Comparative
06 Sometimes … not always … (does/ do/ did etc.)
 

07

… both … … and … … not only … … but also …
… and … … but also …
08 Always Never + (wecixZ kã)
09 Every + (noun) … There is no + (noun) + but + … …
10 … to be/ to have/ modal verb … … to be/ to have/ modal verb + not + (wecixZ kã)
11 … less … than … … not as … as …

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Exercise of Transformation of Sentence

A RARE COLLTCTION OF TRANSFORMATION

1. I would as soon die as injure you. (Comparative)

2. He is as intimate to me as to you. (Comparative)

3. There is no mystery as great as misery. (Comparative)

4.  He is at lest as competent as any other man. (Comparative)

5. O what misery is in store for me! (Assertive)

6.  How charming!  (Assertive) Continue reading