«

»

Jun 09

Mahbub Murad

A Research Paper on English Department Curriculum and Former Graduates of English

Buy A Complete WEB site only @4999 BDT

                                                Acknowledgements

Research paper writing involves being critical as well as reflective. At the same time, it is also a great opportunity for us to write this research paper on:

“An Evaluation of English Department Curriculum in the Light of Former Graduates of English”  

At the time of preparing the paper, we had to do hard labor, mentally and physically. Firstly, we had to read different books, research papers, journals and we searched different web pages. Similarly, as our topic was based on present circumstance, so we had to do field work and get support from our friends, classmates, teachers and other graduates for collecting much information to make the research fruitful.

Finally, we acknowledge our indebtedness to our respected teacher Bijoy Lal Basu who has always been sincere and helpful in making us understand the different methods of research and conceptual problems in our paper. Some students from MA Level had also helped us to collect data. So, we are deeply indebted to them all. We are grateful to Salman Fershi, a student of MA in English from North South University, Rajibul Islam, a student of MA in English from Bangladesh Islami University, Lamia Kabir, a student of MA in ELT from Brac University and Sahed Kamal Jafry, a student of MA in English from South East University.

                                                          

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                         Abstract

The article reports on an evaluative study which attempts to investigate the present situation of former graduates of English, from Public, Private and National Universities, who are now employed in different institutions in the field of their jobs. In Bangladesh, there are many graduates for whom employment opportunity is an important issue and some of them are not happy with their present career. It is also known to all that they face many problems to match with their careers. The purpose of this research is to find out about the profession of the graduates from the department of English, what they are doing now and what resources as well as skills are required to make their career path smooth.

 

 

Key words: Syllabus system, career, basic skill, general knowledge, teaching method, job market, English curriculum development, English curriculum evaluation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                             Table of Contents

                      Title                   Page Number
Acknowledgement 1
Abstract 2
Table of contents 3
Introduction 5
Former English graduates  in Bangladesh                           6
Literature review 7
Methodology

Research objectives

Purpose statement

Central research questions

Limitation

Data selection

Data collection

Interview section

9

9

10

10

10

11

11

11

Data analysis

Basic skills

Discipline Concepts

14

14

16

Career Preferences of English 19
Discussion of the Findings 20
What the Graduates are doing now 21
Work for earning livelihood after graduation 22
The impediments of the graduates to suit profession 23
Present Situation of graduates 25
The sections given priority most 26
Concept about politics 27
Summary of findings 27
Sapling Frame 28
Inference 29
Recommendations 29
Conclusion 30
Reference 31
Appendix 32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.  INTRODUCTION

 

The role of English in the current globalized world has augmented due to being an international and well-recognized language across the world. Similarly, the students who approach higher education with varying aspirations, bringing a wide range of prior skills, knowledge, abilities and ambitions from secondary and further education. They arrive at the beginning of higher education by different routes and embark on very different career trails within higher education. A well-educated, well-trained population could propel a nation towards rapid economic growth and lead the nation in the right path.

 

In Bangladesh, completing graduation from department of English is not an easy task because many students find English to be a hard subject.. Similarly, English is tremendously expanded not only in Bangladesh but also all over the world. Most of the public universities and private universities as well as National University provide English education based on models and materials developed in the west, particularly from the UK and USA. They also design their syllabus standard and they are based on the syllabus of the European University and their curriculum. In a study conducted upon the public and private university students of Bangladesh, (Shamsuddoha & Khanam, 2003) found that English is in the greatest demand in comparison to Science, Social Science, Business, professional, Vocational and other purpose oriented training. We know that education is the backbone of a nation. To improve the nation, there is no alternative of it. We become educated so that we can cope with any situation of the environment.

 

According to Newman, education “gives a man a clear conscious view of his own opinions and judgments, a truth in developing them, eloquence in expressing them and a force in using them”. We recognize a man as educated when he or she completes   his or her graduation. This achievement is regarded as a victory of life. As the graduates are skilled workforce, the family and the society want more from them. But the reality is different. At the workplace they have to face many problems. So the profession varies from one to another. In the existing job market, they have to fight hard to survive.  In the competitive world to involve ourselves with the competition we have to select our subjects based on their demand. In this process, English is one of the most demandable subjects not only in Bangladesh but also other countries in the world. So, for the importance of this subject, all of the public and private universities and colleges open the department and teach the students with great care and prepare the students for the competition. And the institutions are getting more competitive by performing beyond their traditional teaching and researching. Similarly, they are now challenged to contribute to society’s economic and social development, which is the third mission of universities (Gibb, 1996). There can be few careers where knowledge of English would not be useful.

 

There are many jobs where a graduate from English may be particularly useful. While many of these careers are open to graduates in any subject, some employers may specify, or give preference to, graduates in English. So, the students are looking for a degree which furnishes them with a wide knowledge base, so improving their employment opportunities. Elaine and Kenneth (1995) found in a study that today’s employers’ prefer English, although they also consider there to be a requirement for task-specific training. Many authors suggest five stages of Career development (Torrington, Hall, & Taylor, 2005). These often involve occupational choice and preparation of work; organizational entry; early career; midcareer and late career. This paper focuses on occupational choice and preparation of work that usually starts at the stage of higher education. The specific purpose of the study is to find out the career preference of the English graduates of public, private and national universities.

 

 

 

2. Former English Graduates in Bangladesh

 

Graduates, both public and private and from different departments, play a vital role in creating a pool of highly educated and trained specialists. Opportunities for good education are extremely limited in the country; the situation is particularly critical in the university level. A large number of prospective students cannot get admission due to limited seats available in small number of public universities. Similarly, they do not get the chance to choose their choice able subjects. As a result many students fail to continue their study with great comfort and reach their destinations. It is seen that most of the former English graduates are associated with different departments of various important institutions including government, non-government, national, international and multinational companies. They also keep the highest to the common positions.

 

3. Literature Review

The occupational position or the sequence of occupational experiences that a person gains over his life time can be termed as career (Dessler, 2009), (Adamson, Doherty, & Viney, 1998). Some authors defined career as a continuous movement among different challenges and responsibility levels (Bahtijarevic, 1999) and some defined it as a life journey (Baruch 2006). Developing a preference for it and planning the education accordingly, is the beginning of that journey. The concept of career is much broad and complex. But we are taking a narrower view of the term, reflecting the intention of individuals to become active in different career fields.

 

Furthermore, career preference represents the self-selection of fields by individuals on the basis of their personal strengths and weaknesses, offering them the highest probability for success.  (Shamsuddoha & Khanam, 2003) in their study have found among 300 sample of public and private university students of Dhaka and Chittagong, the greatest opportunities of finding job are high for private university students, who are studying English. It has also found that these opportunities are high in private and banking field than that of multinational companies, government service and others. In Bangladeshi job markets especially the financial field, manufacturing field and telecommunication fields are the prime job-hubs and these field require English graduation (Khaled Shams Chisty, MunirUddin, & Kumar Ghosh, 2007). (Moy & Lee, 2002) studied university undergraduates of Hong Kong, relating to their career intentions for Small and Medium enterprise (SME) as against Multinational Companies (MNC)s. They found that job attributes are the most important factors that influence the choice of career among undergraduates.

 

In the study the important job attributes influencing the undergraduates’ in choosing their career have been categorized into three groups-the job itself, compensation or security and the company or work environment (Moy & Lee, 2002). The university undergraduates of Hong Kong, rated long term career prospects as the most important job attribute affecting their career choice, followed by pay, job security and managerial relationship. (Moy & Lee, 2002), (Huang & Sverke, 2007) have considered academic major, gender and personality to determine the relationship between these three variables and business undergraduates’ preferred career with SMEs and MNCs. Female preferred employment with MNCs but male preferred SMEs. Previous research on the relationship between higher education and employment undertaken by (Purcell, Elias, Davies, &Wilton, 2005), (Elias, McKnight, Simm, Purcell, & Pitcher, 1999), demonstrated the importance of subject studied. Several studies have found that career choices are determined by different motives.

 

The most cited motives influencing the career decision are: financial success and high income (Carter, 2003), need of autonomy and independence (Van Auken, Stephens, Fry, & Silva, 2006), social recognition and status (Birley Westhead, 1994) occupational choice is perhaps one of those most influenced by family concerns, both present and anticipated. In addition to familial influence on an individual’s preferences for combining work and family, research shows that the occupational choices made by parents can exert a direct influence on the career choices of their children.

 

According to (Brown, 2002), family or group influence impact both the decision-making process and the career an individual chooses. Moreover, the economic situation, especially the conditions in the labor market and the stability of employment appear to impact career choices. Even several studies have been conducted over the past few decades to explore the gender differences with respect to career decision. Researchers have investigated   the factors affecting job preference decisions among male and female college students. The fields in which women intended to work were services, personal care, education and office work (Huang & Sverke, 2007). Previous studies have shown that women tend to work in the public field and in occupations associated with lower wages. Whereas (Chevalier, 2007) discovered that men tend to be more career-driven and financially motivated.

 

A large number of studies have been conducted addressing career choice or intention from the perspective of eastern and western part of the world, English or non-English students, student’s or employers’ perceptions. There is a void in the literature relating to business student’s career preference in the context of Bangladesh, incorporating all types of job fields namely; Entrepreneurship, all private and public job areas. Moreover, the decision of English graduates’ choice for English language and literature during their graduation, which is indicating their future career path, are also almost absent. From an article, skill standards refer to what a worker needs to know and do on the job and how well he or she needs to perform to succeed in the workplace. Skill paves the way of development for the graduates. The survey questioned more than 1,000 workers on the LinkedIn network. And the poll found an across-the-board existential trouble among workers today. Some of the key findings: 62 percent of Baby Boomers who are at the end of their career say they are in need of new skills.

 

At first, personality counted as a skill matters more than people realize. It’s important to seem happy, agreeable, and welcome open to all criticism. Even if an employee’s work is great, she won’t move up if her colleagues don’t like to work with her.

Graduates should be worldly. “New graduates should read the front and Marketplace sections of the Wall Street Journal every day. It does not matter what field or industry they aspire to join. Reading that publications every day will not only make them smarter, but will also provide endless fodder for networking conversations and interviews.”

4. METHODOLOGY  

4.1. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES

According to the concept of the competitive world, the aim of the present study is to find the career preference of the English graduates in the Public, Private and National University of Bangladesh and to identify the major factors influencing the career preference. For this purpose, the focus has been on;

 

i. To investigate the English graduates selecting their career for livelihood;

ii. To know the time period of starting the career;

iii. To find out the motivating factors that prompt them to accept a job in an organization and

iv. To study the gender differences with respect to career preference and major influencing factors of the English graduates.

 

The English Department Assessment Plan has been designed to evaluate how the English curriculum, research and other activities complement each other to achieve the graduating student’s skills and knowledge. For this, the following data is being collected:

4.2. Purpose Statement:

The purpose of this research is to find out the area of the present condition of the former English graduates, which difficulties they face at the time of receiving graduations as well as which facilities they find in their career lives for being the students of this department. Similarly, it describes the learning outcomes of all students that have 1) completed either the Basic, Intermediate, or Advanced tracks that they have been placed in upon entering the UPRM based on their scores on the Puerto Rican college board examination, 2) attained a bachelor’s degree in linguistics or literature, or, 3) completed a master’s degree in English education.  It will also find out the reasons of selecting this subject. In the present age, English plays an important role for the learners as well as in the production of language. However, the aim of this research is to find out the area of difficulties at the time of receiving graduation from English department and the reasons behind it. Similarly the positive sites of this department students so that students can overcome all difficulties and receive the positive sites correctly. On the other hand, the findings of this research will provide guideline to the new students as well as old students of English and they might be benefited in their position.

 

4.3. Central Research Questions:

 

The research is conducted based on different central questions mentioned bellow:

 

a. Which difficulties do the English students face during graduation?

b. What are the reasons behind their success or difficulties in their career?

c. To what extent do they consider their academic background?

d. What are the recommendations for the new students about English curriculum?

 

4.4. Limitation: The research is inadequate because it only deals with the graduates from the students of English. More specifically it is bound to one hundred students from Public University, Private University and National University and the students are arbitrarily selected. Similarly, very few researches have been done on this topic. So, the researchers need to find information from internet, books, journals, MA dissertations, field works, and interviews.

 

4.5. Data Selection

The present study is qualitative in nature. The population for the study consisted of BA hons in English final year and MA in English students who are/were in public, private and national universities located in Dhaka city. A Sample of 40 English graduate students as well as 20 MA in English students were selected for data collection from different public, private universities in Dhaka. The data was collected in two parts. The 1st part was collected according to the job level of the graduates where the participants were 100 and the 2nd part was collected from the job seekers who completed their graduation and post-graduation from English department. Here, the participants were only 42. The total amount of the participants was 142 English graduate students.

 

4.6. Data Collection

 

A closed ended survey was distributed among the students of English program of different public and private universities. Data was collected from English graduate students, and MA students who were both male and female. They were usually considered to have some clear and specific directions and reasonable self-concepts. The students were intentionally interviewed with the hypothesis that by this time they chose their concentration keeping their career goal in mind. The sample students were chosen following convenience of sampling method. The data was collected through face to face interview by the surveyor. With the cooperation of the faculties and students, the interviewers distributed the questionnaires during the word session and in their free time.

 

4.7. Interview Section

 

This study investigated the factors that influence English students while selecting their career preference. Similarly, it found out the real situation and experience of the former English graduates who were involved in different professions. The study also investigated the actual difference among the career preference and factors influencing for choosing the career of male and female English students.

 

Part 01:

To collect data for our research topic An Evaluation of English Department Curriculum in the Light of Former Graduates of English we had to visit different places and do the field work to take interview. The questions of our interview are given below:

1. I hope you are the graduate from the department of English? From which institution have you completed your graduation?

The area mainly talked about the respondents’ present condition. Because this paper is prepared based on the people who completed their graduations within 2010-2013.

2. Where are you involved in now?

In this question, we have mainly tried to highlight the present positions of the English graduates in their careers.

3. What’s about your present position in your institution?

It indicates the level of the graduates in their offices.

4. Are you happy in your present situation?

It highlights the satisfaction and dissatisfaction of the graduates about their career and the running position.

5. Do you get more facilities in your institution for being a student of English department?

Here we have asked them if they get any extra benefit from their official life for being a graduate of English.

6. Did you face any problem at the time of continuing your study from this department?

In the part we try to know which problem they faced and why they encountered those.

7. Do you think the syllabus of this department is standard for a student?

This part indicates about the teaching system, syllabus and destination of this department.

8. Are any changing needed of the syllabus?

The students are asked if any changing is needed of the syllabus.

9. Who are better, the students of English department or others? 

Here we try to find out the skill and perfectness of the students of English department. We also attempt to compare their skill with others.

10. Are you playing any important role in developing the nation?

The purpose of the question is to find out if the English graduates like other graduates play any important rule like economic, social, and political in Bangladesh.

11. According to your concept, which sections are perfect for the students of English department?

The determination of the statement is to find out the required skills of the English students who are associated in this department.

12. Do you get any change in your personality after completing your graduation from this department?

It indicates especially the center of mental, psychological and moral development of the English graduates.

13. What is the future of this department?

From the students of English department we attempt to get their prediction about the future of the department of English graduates.

14. Who inspired you to be the student of this department?

Here we try to find out his inspired sites to be the student of this department especially family, friends, environment, career etc.

15. Which basic skills do you think are needed beside education?

It is asked if the students need any basic skill like computer, programming, different language skill, presentation skill, communication skill etc.

16. Do the students of public university struggle harder than private?

The purpose of the part is to find out the real position of the public and private university students who are from this department. Correspondingly, who have to work hard for completing their graduation and basic skills?

According to the concept of former English graduates the aim of the English Department Programs is to develop the graduates with the following skills and values, as well as with proficiency in the following English concepts:

5. Data Analysis

After doing the field work and researching the practical experiences we have found some important clues from the former English graduates. According to their concept the students who are involved in English department have to keep some basic knowledge about different things according to the needs of the present world. In the below they are shown

5.1. Basic Skills: The graduates gave us much information about the basic skills which are essential to the students who are going to involve in English department. There are different types of basic skills which are shortly explained in the following part.  

a. Critical thinking: A student of English department has to keep the knowledge of critical thinking and he has to acquire the ability to analyze and explain any critical work of any famous writer or poet.

b. Team work skill: It is the most important skill for the student because English is a hard subject. So, it’s totally impossible to understand anything without consulting with one another. Team work may support him to be self-confident, punctual and good manner. It also supports him to be a good leader.

c. Oral and written communication skills in English: According to Bacon, a man cannot be perfect without writing. Similarly, if he knows many things but he has no ability to express his knowledge then it will also be unsatisfactory. So, as a student he has to achieve both of the skills.

d. Computer literacy and its applications: It is very clear to us that, the present world is totally based on computer and internet. So, a man cannot reach in the best position without the skill of computer and internet. Beside it, he can keep the knowledge of up-to-date techniques in the area of language. Similarly, he has to be aware of contemporary issues.

e. Ability to learn by himself: It’s the most important part of his education. If he is unable to learn individually, his life will be totally damaged because nobody will teach him like the student of primary school.

f. Dictionary skills: Dictionary skills are essential for the English because English is an international language and most of the words, meanings and pronunciations are totally unknown to us. In this section dictionary will support him to learn them correctly. Generally, in a dictionary there are many symbols which are used to show the pronunciations and meanings of the words. If a student has no idea about them, it will be totally impossible for him to know them properly.

g. Main Ideas and summarizing: It is not possible to memorize everything and the subjects and the themes of the English literature are very large. So, it is very much important for them to keep the skill about summarizing and finding out the main theme or subject matter of the topic.

h. Structure of language: Every correct sentence has a structure and according to the structure the student has to write and explain the topic. The skill is also necessary to write anything correctly.

i. Research skills: Research is a part of education. So if someone wants to take PHD degree from any department he has to learn how to write a research paper. Similarly, he has to understand the system of writing it.

j. Creative writing skills and technical writing skills: Generally the present world is based of creativity and the subjects of English department are also based of creativity. If a student can achieve this skill he is sure to shine in future because there is no place of memorizing. For this reason, every student has to keep this skill.

 

5.2. Discipline concepts

a. Knowledge of the system of language: It is essential to know for the students of English department about how to write a sentence. At the time of writing any feature, he or she has to learn the sentence structure of the language. Otherwise, the sentence will be incorrect.

b. Knowledge of different literary genres: It is common that the writers always use different symbols, figures and icons; like- simile, metaphor, hyperbole, alliteration, irony etc. If the students have no idea about them it will be totally in vain for their study. So, to be a good student and to keep much knowledge about literature the students have to keep the knowledge of literary fields.

c. Knowledge of literary and historical continuity in British literature and American literature: Most of the books of English literature are written by the writers of British and America. So, it is important for the English students to keep much knowledge about the history of British literature and American literature. Then it will be easier for them to continue better performance. Besides them, they have to be familiar with the both cultures.

5.3. They also instruct that the graduating students’ profile should have:   

a. Proficiency in a range of basic linguistic and literary concepts: In the present world, linguistic is very much important. Beside literary concept the students should keep the knowledge of linguistic. As a result, it will be easier for them to get a good job and better salary.

b. The ability to apply critical thinking skills to solve problems: In our day to day life everything depends on critical thinking. So, it’s so much necessary for them to be critical thinkers and they have to keep the ability to solve any problem from their own skills and performances.

c. Ethical awareness- plagiarism: The students should be moral at the time of thinking and writing anything because when they will copy anything from other student’s website or hand note or research paper at that time they have to mention it in their research paper or term paper otherwise, it will be totally immoral. It may support them to be honest in their professional life.

d. Research experience and skills: It’s common that when any student will go to complete their Post-Graduate degree from any renowned university, at that time he has to do any research paper to do better performance for MPL and PhD. So, before completing the degree he can keep the experience and skill about research. At that time, he may get any help from his teachers and senior students of his institution.

e. Familiarity with American and British writers: Every English student is bound to keep much knowledge about the writers and poets of British and America because at the time of taking graduation the students have to read most of the works of both of the countries.

5.4. The English graduates also give emphasise to the students of English department that they have to keep the extra skills to develop their career:

Learning Objectives/Outcomes

 

Assessment Strategy

 

Critical thinking skills Lab Worksheets

Exams, Quizzes, Homework, Course projects,

Written and oral Report Assessment

Student Course Skills and Knowledge Assessment Form

Faculty Course/Student Profile Correlation Form

TAs Assessment Form (students and mentors)

Team work skills Teamwork Assessment Form

Student Course Skills and Knowledge Assessment Form

Faculty Course/Student Profile Correlation Form

TAs Teaching Experience Assessment Form (students and mentors)

Communication skills in English ECC

Exams, Quizzes, Homework, Course projects,

Written and Oral Report Assessment

Student Course Skills and Knowledge Assessment Form

Faculty Course/Student Profile Correlation Form

TAs Teaching Assessment Form (students and mentors)

Computer literacy and its linguistic applications ECC

Written and Oral Report Assessment

Student Course Skills and Knowledge Assessment Form

Faculty Course/Student Profile Correlation Form

Knowledge of up-to-date issues in linguistics and literature ECC

Student Course Skills and Knowledge Assessment Form

Faculty Course/Student Profile Correlation Form

TAs Teaching Experience Assessment Form (students and mentors)

Awareness of contemporary linguistic and literary issues ECC

Written and Oral Report Assessment

Student Course Skills and Knowledge Assessment Form

Faculty Course/Student Profile Correlation Form

 

 

6. Career Preferences of English

 

For the purpose of identifying the career preference, the English graduate and undergraduate students were asked to specify the field where they want to build up their career and what are their feelings about the present job position. The students were also asked to specify their area of interest in which they want to follow their English major.

 

6.1. Table: Career Preference Field and Major Distribution of Former English Graduates

 

         Field

             Gender  

       Total

Male Female
 

Teaching

 

English Medium 03 05  

44

High School 06 11
College 07 02
University 06 04
Banking Public Bank 06

08

02

03

       19
Private Bank
Entrepreneur 05 03        08
Multinational

Company

12 07        19
Small and medium

enterprise

01         01
International Business 02         02
 

Media

News Presenter   1

3

 

    2

1

 

      07
TV News Reporter
Print Reporter
   Total Number 60    40      100

 

 

 

7. Discussion of the Findings

No significant difference is actually observed for different genders in terms of career preference, time period of starting career and major reasons for motivating English student’s career preference. Near about 20 students out of 100 are involved in banking career. It was also found that the respondents are unwilling to choose small and medium enterprise, research organization and non-banking financial institutions. The most influencing reasons behind these career preferences are that, today’s graduates value financial incentives and social status and recognition more. Fascination with banking services and private service in multinational companies has never been higher than at present. The prime reasons for attracting these graduates in banking fields are their lucrative pay package, the job security and prospective career growth and above all the growing job opportunities.

 

If we conclude with the help of the value of adjusted R2, it can be said that the dependent variable career preference (teaching, banking, entrepreneur, Multinational Companies-MNC, Non-Government Organization-NGO, Government Service-GOVT, Small and Medium Enterprise-SME, Research Organization- RO, Non-Banking Financial Institute-NBF, Others) of the English graduates is explained to the extent of 78% by the English as taken by the students.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part 02: Most of the parts of both of the analysis we find that almost all of the concepts of both service holders and non-service holders who are graduated from department of English are the same. Here the different concepts are mentioned as a graph:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In the question two out of forty two graduates, 28.57% (13) graduates are busy with only higher academic study.  26.19% (10) graduates are doing job. The majority numbers of graduates give priority to obtain post-graduation degree. 14.29% (06) graduates are trying for job. And 9.52% (04) graduates are engaged in nothing but tuition. 7.14% (03) are attentive to obtain higher degree and trying for job. The graduates of 4.76% (02) who have already completed higher education are trying for job beside busy with tuition. 2.38% (01) student is engaged with business & job study and similarly, 2.38% (01) student is engaged with business & tuition. On the other hand, academic higher study including job study & tuition, only business are performed by 2.38% (01) people. And only 2.38% (01) students remain idle.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

After graduation 54.76% (23) English graduates remain unemployed and 30.95% (13) graduates are engaged in the income source immediately after graduation. After break of some days, 14.29% (6) graduates get involved in the income source.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Most of the English graduates think that educational qualification is the main fact to get involved in the workplace. 33.33% (14) graduates agree that lack of enough qualification is responsible for unemployment. It is happened for the failure of the standard of education. Now people are acquiring many degrees but they do not become enough qualified.   Then 11.90% (05) graduates consider political lobbying and social problem as the impediments   about coming to the workforce. The majority of the graduates term the political lobbying as a matter. If a graduate is qualified in the qualification, he is failed   for the political lobbying. It is thought by 7.14% (03) graduates.  7.14% (03) graduates think that political lobbying and other critical problems are the main hindrance for them to get involved in the work force. 4.76% (02) graduates think social problem is an issue to enter in the workplace. Because of the hard working and the scarcity of getting job, in a workplace a graduate has to compete with ten folds of the competitors for a post.  Dishonesty of the authority is also responsible for the unemployment. Similarly, the eligible candidate is not appointed because of avoiding to pay the extra money to the authority.   4.76% (02) graduates think that social problem is accountable for the unemployment problem. The general people of our country cannot keep confidence on business or others without job. They give top most priority to job sector. For this the graduates are compelled to search any types of job either standard level or less standard level. According to survey, 61.90% family wants that the graduates must search for job. So this one sided opinion of the family has become another cause for them to be set another profession without job. One graduated from Jaggannath University told me that education system was the main problem that was making the workplace narrow for them.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Now 33.33% (14) graduates are satisfied with their present situation and 66.67% (28) graduates are dissatisfied with their present situation.  Out of 42 respondents, only 2.38% (1) people tell that they are happy at their present condition. But 38.095% graduates are frustrating for their present situation. Though they are graduated, they are staying far from any income. 14.29% graduates are in a very low condition about their careers.  And 45.24% graduates are in the middle position neither very happy nor very unhappy.  One graduate from National University is so frustrate that he tells for the coming graduates that they should do something before completing their graduations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As Bangladesh is a developing country, the majority (66.67%) graduates of the country want to settle by getting any job according to their expectation. They are not willing to engage with business or others because of the lack of capital or their guardians do not show any interest in it. A question was asked to the graduates what they would do if they got some capital. Then 57.14 % graduates want to begin business as their career. 30.95% graduates desire to do business as their career. Already many of them started in a short span and others are going to start soon.  Only 2.38% graduates want to job and business together.

 

P. 2.1. Concept about Politics:

We asked the English graduates about their contribution in future. They response like that-

Politics Nonpolitical social work Business Others Nonpolitical social work & Business
4.76% 47.62% 33.33% 9.52% 4.76%

 

Almost all the graduates do not want to involve themselves with politics. Because they think it is a dangerous weapon to destroy their career. Nonpolitical social work is favorite to all.  33.33% graduates want to contribute to the business sectors in future.

P. 2.2. Summary of Findings

The primary data that we have collected fully support my hypothesis. After carrying out the research, we have found out that majority of the graduates are depressed about their careers. Because more than 50% graduates are unemployed and about 70% graduates are dissatisfied at their present situation. Mainly educational qualification is responsible for this present depressed situation.   The graduates face the shortage of resources. If they got capital, about 20% graduates would come out from job searching. Lack of social network, our 30% graduates cannot understand what they should do now. Almost 70% graduates want to get a good job.

Almost all the graduates are not searching for job. About 30% are engaged with acquiring higher education. And about 70% graduates are related with earning at any way.

The secondary data that I have collected mainly from the different web sources fully supports my hypothesis as well. These sources helped me in the areas of research that I intended to investigate.  The worldwide recession can be reduced by giving standard education to the graduates and they can flourish themselves by acquiring extra skills as well as collecting resources also.

The time constraint was too difficult to deal with. I wish I could carry out my questionnaire survey among a larger population because a survey of only 42  graduates  is too scant according to my opinion and coming to a valid conclusion about such a vast topic from only opinion of 42 graduates  can be  termed to be irrational.  Carryingoutthisresearchonamuch widerscalemight disclosemoreinformationandknowledge.

8. Sampling Frame

BA (hons) in English is a four year honors degree, and MA in English is a one year degree where students get the opportunity to get specialized into a particular discipline of English language and literature. (such as; literary terms, literary figure, criticism, life style of the writers, criticism, romanticism, phonetics, phonology, discourse analysis etc). Previous English students were asked to indicate their career preference and the important reasons behind their preference and to rank the reasons according to importance.

 

In line with the previous studies and the present context of Bangladesh, the study considered 12 reasons, namely; financial benefit, social status, job security, non-financial benefit, Parents’ influence on career decision, good match with the capabilities for doing the job, good career opportunities in the field, being referred by someone, challenging and interesting job, freedom and independence at work place, childhood aspirations, inspired by family or friends or relatives.

 

 

 

 

9. Inference

Generally the graduates are the optimism of the nation and English graduates play very important role in different sections of the nation including all public, private and multinational institutions. All most every English graduate is involved with earning at anyhow and job is their desired profession. Several times it is seen that the jobs which the English graduates continue are not enough for them according to their expectation. So many graduates are depressed about their careers. For various problems such as lack of resources and lack of skill, our graduates’ people are going to an unknown future and their qualifications are also responsible for this unexpected situation.

 

10. Recommendations

It is seen in the present study that the majority English undergraduate and graduate students have a reasonably clear idea about the occupational direction that they wished to take after completing their courses and the qualifications required to achieve it. Similarly, the former English graduates have strong desire to do something new for the new comers by inspiring, giving suggestion, showing the right path etc. So, we are hopeful that the findings of the study can be useful for both educators in their quest to orientate students in career path planning, and for policy-makers and practitioners to understand the graduates’ career decisions.

However, the following recommendations have been have been mentioned by the former English graduates who are now involving in different institutions:

 

  1. English students have to adequate knowledge and guidance in qualifying them to make their choice regarding education and career.

 

  1. The schools, college, community and other careers guidance staff who advise higher education applicants, have to play a role to inform about the relationship between previous qualifications, higher education courses and career opportunities.

 

  1. All the educational institutions especially; the university may design more market oriented, job related and practical courses. Similarly, the authors have to make frequent workshop and seminar in cooperation with the different specialized person of different corporate fields. It will help these students to fill their gaps before they are gone actually in this competitive job market.

 

  1. Effective planning is required for the academic and even non-academic programs for the English undergraduates and graduates targeting towards developing their academic, technical and communication skills.

 

  1. Through a career service department final semester students can be advised about their choice of profession and job prospects. Beside this frequent job fairs can be arranged through the career assistance program.

 

  1. Both Public and Private university students should maintain a combined relationship with reputed industries, multi-national companies and corporate business houses, different educational institutions, buying houses, media house, banking sections etc. This will immensely benefits the students, in relating their theoretical knowledge to the practical field. Moreover, practical knowledge acquired through experiment, group work, experience gives an edge to English graduates in the job market.

 

  1. The students of the new generation have to make the tendency to be creative and they have to be practical without thinking theoretical. They should be free thinker.

 

11. CONCLUSION

It is seen that the former English graduates have tended to focus on the basic skill as well as practical knowledge according to the needs of the competitive world. Beside English, the graduates have to give importance to the math, general knowledge, history etc. There is also a need to identify the limitations and opportunities faced by English graduates that influence their capacity to maximize their potential, in terms of both learning opportunities and access to careers. According to their interest they have to choose their career and continue their own activity at that time he or she can share his plan with his or her nearest or the dearest persons.

 

 

 

 

 

 

References:

Adamson, S. J., Doherty, N., & Viney, C. (1998). The meanings of career revisited: Implications for theory and practice. British Journal of Management, 9, 251-259.

 

Al-Issa, A. S. (2005). An Ideological Discussion of the Impact of the NNESTs’ English Language Knowledge on ESL Policy Implementation “A Special Reference to the Omani Context”. Asian EFL Journal, 7(3).

 

Bell, J. (1999). Doing Your Research Project (3rd ed.). Buckinghamshire: Open.

Brown, D. (2002). The role of work and cultural values in occupational choice, satisfaction, and success: A theoretical statement. Journal of Counseling and Development, 80, 48-56.

Elias, P., McKnight, A., Simm, C., Purcell, K., & Pitcher, J. (1999). DfEE-CSUAGCAS-

IER Moving On: Graduate careers three years after graduation. Manchester: Careers Service Unit, Institute of employment research.

 

Fullan, M., and Pomfret, A. (1975). Review of Research on Curriculum Implementation. Toronto: Ontario Institute for Studies in Education.

 

Khaled Shams Chisty, MunirUddin, & Kumar Ghosh, 2007. (Moy & Lee, 2002)

Pacific Grove, CA: Critical Thinking Press & Software.

Perkins, D.N. (September 1985). ‘What Creative Thinking Is’. Educational Leadership. Vol. 42, No. 1, pp. 18–24.

Ramsden, P.  (1992). Learning to Teach in Higher Education. London: Routledge

Swartz, R.J. & Parks, S. (1994). Infusing Critical and Creative Thinking into Content Instruction.

 

Recovered from http://targetjobs.co.uk/careers-advice/career-planning/273051-the-top-10-skills-thatll-get-you-a-job-when-you-graduate

 

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/jobs/9798981/Graduates-face-toughest-job-market-since-depths-of-recession.html

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/education/2014/feb/04/skills-graduates-need-students-employability

 

 

https://www.wikipedia.org/

 

 

 

 

APPENDICES

 

Appendix 01

 

Number of Respondents and Percentage Distribution by Gender 

 

            Gender            Male           Female        Total
No of respondents

% of Total

              60

60%

                40

40%

       100

100%

 

Appendix 02

 

The Job sections where the former English graduates play important contributions

 

 

         Field

             Gender  

       Total

Male Female
 

Teaching

 

English Medium 03 05  

44

High School 06 11
College 07 02
University 06 04
Banking Public Bank 06

08

02

03

        19
Private Bank
Entrepreneur 05 03         08
Multinational

Company

12 07         19
Small and medium

enterprise

01           01
International Business 02           02
 

Media

News Presenter   1

3

 

    2

1

 

        07
TV News Reporter
Print Reporter
   Total Number 60    40        100

 

 

 

 

Appendix 03

 

Present position of the English graduates

Higher Study Temporary

Job

Job

study

Only

tuition

Academic

and job study

Job study and tuition Business and job study Business and tuition Academic,

Job study and tuition

Nothing
28.57 26.19 14.29 9.52 7.14 4.76 2.38 2.38 2.38 2.38

 

Appendix 04

 

Work for earning livelihood after graduation

Unemployed Immediately after graduation After some days
             54.76                30.95            14.29

 

Appendix 05

 

The Impediments 

Serial No Issuses           Percentage
Education qualification and dishonesty of the  authority        2.38
Population problem        2.38
Politiacl and dishonesty of the authority        2.38
Political lobbyng        4.29
Social problem        4.76
Educational qualification and political lobbyng (lower level)       4.76
Political lobbyng, population problem and dishonesty of the authority       4.76
Social problem, population problem and dishonesty of the authority       4.76
Educational qualification and political lobbyng (higher level)       7.14
Political lobbyng and others       7.14
Political lobbyng and social problem       11.90
Educational qualification        33.33

 

Appendix 06

 

Present situation of English Graduates

                    Satisfied                 Dissatisfied
                       33.33                   66.67

 

Appendix 07

 

The sections given priority most by the English graduates

            Job         Business Both Job and Business
           66.67            30.95             2.38

 

Appendix 08

 

Contribution of English graduates in different sections in the future 

 

Politics Nonpolitical social work Business Others Nonpolitical social work & Business
4.76% 47.62% 33.33% 9.52% 4.76%

 

 

 

Buy A Complete WEB site only @4999 BDTHello 01670 319 719

About the author

Mahbub Murad

Mahbub Murad

I am a Lecturer of English at Mohanagar Ideal College and the admin of this site. If anyone wants to share his/her idea or get any support, he or she can contract me. - Cell: 01761519111
Email: Send Mail and Facebook