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Aug 07

mazhar 01740163613

Voice change

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Voice

Active voice to passive voice:

Rules : [i] The subject of Active voice will be changed to the object in the passive voice.
[ii] The auxiliary verb of Active voice will be unchanged in passive voice. If subject of Active voice is 3rd person singular number , the auxiliary verb will be singular in passive voice.

[iii] The past participle form of the main verb of Active voice will be placed in passive voice.

*Present indenfinite tense – Active voice (without auxiliary verb)-Passive voice (am/is/are)

Examples: a. I eat rice= Rice is eaten by me.
b. They play cricket.= Cricket is played by them.
c. She writes a letter.= A letter is written by her.

* Past indefinite tense: Active voice without auxiliary verb- Passive voice (was/were).
Examples: a. I did the work. = The work was done by me.
b. He ate rice. = Rice was eaten by him.
c. They played cricket. = Cricket was played by them.
d. He wrote a letter.= A letter was written by him.

* Future indefinite tense : Active voice (shall/will) – Passive voice (shall be/will be).
Examples: a.I will eat rice.= Rice will be eaten by me.
b.We will play cricket.= Cricket will be played by us.
c. He will write a letter.= A letter will be written by him.
d.The girl will sing a song.= A song will be sung by the girl.

*Present perfect tense : Active voice (have/has)- Passive voice (has been/have been).
Examples:a. I have eaten rice.= Rice has been eaten by me.
b.we have played cricket.=Cricket has been played by us.
c.He has written a letter.= A letter has been written by him.
d.I have done the sum.= The sum has been done by me.

*Past perfect tense:
Active voice (had) – Passive voice (had been).

Examples:a. The teacher had taught us.= We had been taught by the teacher.
b.I had eaten rice.= Rice had been eaten by me.
c. They had played cricket.= Cricket had been played by them.
*Future perfect tense :
Active voice (shall have /will have) – Passive voice [will have been/ shall have been]
Examples:a.we will have eaten rice.=Rice will have been eaten by us.
b.I will have played cricket.=Cricket will have been played by me.
c.He will have written a letter.= A letter will have been written by him.
*Present continuous: Active (am/is/are)- Passive(am being/is being/are being).

Examples:a.He is eating rice .= Rice is being eaten by him.
b.They are playing cricket.= Cricket is being played by them.
*Past continuous: Active (was/ were)- passive (was bein/were being).

Examples:a.I was eating rice =Rice was being eaten by me.
b.They were playing cricket.=Cricket was being played by them.
c.He was writing a letter.= A letter was being written by him.
Future continuous: Active (shall be/ will be )- Passive (shall be being/will be being).

Examples:a. I will be eating rice .= Rice will be being eaten by me.
b.He will be writing a letter.= A letter will be being written by him.
c.They will be playing cricket.= Cricket will be being played by them.
Present perfect continuous: Active (have been/has been) – Passive (have been being / has been being)

Examples: a.I have been eating rice.= Rice has been eating ay me.
b.He has been writing a letter.= A letter has been being written by him.
c.They have been playing cricket.= Cricket has been being played by them.
Past perfect continuous : Active (had been) – Passive (had been being)

Examples:a. I had been eating rice.= Rice had been being eaten by me.
b.He had been writing a letter.= A letter had been being played by him.
c. They had been playing ludu.= Ludu had been being played by them.
Future perfect continuous : Active (shall have been/will have been) – Passive (shall have been being / will have been being).
Examples: a. They will have been playing cricket.= Cricket will have been being played by them.
b.He will have been writing a letter.= A letter will have been being written by him.

Some important voice changing:

1.Monika opened the door.=The door was opened by Monika.

2.The girls are playing cricket.= Cricket is being played by the girls.

3.Mr. Mazhar teaches us English.=We are taught English by Mr. Mazhar.or,English is taught us by Mr. Mazhar.

4.
Monika’s mother did for me the unnecessary things.= The unnecessary things were done for me by Monika’s mother.

5.I am eating rice= Rice is being eaten by me.
6.I saw him.= He was seen by me.
7.I drink tea. = Tea is drunk by me.
8. We are digging a canal.= A canal is being dug by us.
9.They are eating Bananas= Bananas are being eaten by them.
10. He killed a bird.= A bird was killed by him.
11. I read the novels = The novels were/are read by me.
12.Monika was reading a book.= A book was being read by Monika.
13. They were flying kites.= Kites were being flown by them.
14. We had dug the canal.= The canal had been dug by us.
15. I will be taking tea .= Tea will be being taken by me.
16. We will have finished the work.= The work will have been finished by us.

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About the author

mazhar 01740163613

Muhammad mazharul islam, B .A (hons) English , National university.

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