Is his poetics, Aristotle makes a comprehensive discussion on plot and its importance in tragedy. Aristotle says , plot is an arrangement of incident or ordering of events. Plot is the essential part of tragedy, its life blood whereas character takes the second place. Aristotle says that tragedy is the representation of an action that is complete whole and of certain amplitude and the whole signifies that which has a beginning, a midle, an end.
A beginning is that which does not come after something else, although something comes after it. On the other hand, an end is that which naturally follows something else as necessary or a usual consquence and is not itself followed by anything. A middle is that which followes something else and is itself followed by something. Thus well constructed plots must neither begin or end in an aimless way but must conform to the pattern described.
Aristotle considers plot as the soul of tragedy. It is the principal part of a tragedy. It consists of events and incidents. It may be borrowed or invented by the poet. According to Aristotle, it is of two types – simple and complex. Of course , he prefers complex plot to simple plot.
Aristotle makes a distinction between simple plot and complex plot.He tries to discuss two types of plots in his poetics. He has defined both kinds of plot.
A simple plot, says aristotle, is one in which the change of fortune comes without a reversal or discovery – things moves directly to the end. its action is single and continuous. simple plots are uninvoled action. on the contrary, complex plot is one in which there is reversal, discover or recognition or both. Complex plots are formed of an involved action. In according to aristotle, Complex plot is better because there is reversal of situation and the discovery of the truth.