Aristotle is the father of almost all human learnings. He points out some essential requirements of a hero for tragedy in his poetics. His conception of tragic hero finds expression wonderfuly in this critical book. He says that an ideal tragic hero should be good but not too good or perfect. The fall of a perfectly good man would be odious and distasteful. His fall will not arouse our pity as he is not like us. His fall would only shock and disgust us. Similarly, an utterly wicked person is not fit for the tragic hero.
If such man passes from happiness to misery, this may satisfy our moral sense. But he may want of the proper tragic qualities . He is not also like us. His fall is felt to be well deserved in accordance with the requirement of justice. It exites neither pity nor fear. Thus the perfectly good man or utterly wicked persons are not suitable to be the heroes of tragedies.
Aristotle wants to say that the rise of the bad man from adversity to prosperity does not cause pity and fear in the mind of audience . This kind of action is also not suitable for tragedy. Again utterly wicked person is also unsuitable for tragedy. such plot can not be suitable for a tragic poetry. Actually, Aristotle says that an ideal tragic hero should be a man of noble nature. But he would not be a saint . A perfectly good character would be unsuitable as an ideal tragic hero. A saint is unselfish. so he may be inactive and passive. But we should bear in mind that a tragic hero must not be passive and insert.
In considering our discussion, we can say that in some respects, Aristotle’s conception of the tragic hero can not be questioned.