Rules of Modifiers


A modifier is a word or phrase, or clause that functions as an adjective or adverb. It provides additional information about another word or phrase. It is also known as an adjunct.

Modifier is of two types; Pre-modifier and Post-modifier

When modifiers appear before the head are called Pre- Modifier, and while modifiers appear after the head are called Post- Modifier.

Modifiers may be either restrictive (essential to the meaning of a sentence) or non-restrictive (additional but not essential elements in a sentence).

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Adverb and Its Classification

Adverb: An adverb is a word used to modify any part of speech except noun or pronoun. (J.C. Nesfield)

Classification of Adverb:

i) Adverb of time, ii) Adverb of place, iii) Adverb of manner, iv) Adverb of degree, v) Adverb of reason or purpose, vi) Adverb of affirmation and negation, vii) Intensifiers and viii) Downtoners

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Determiner: Determiner includes Article, Possessive, Demonstrative, and Adjective

i) Article:   a) Indefinite: a and an b) Definite: the

ii) Possessive: my, your, our, his, her, their, its

(Note: All possessive pronouns come before noun. Example; My pen, our house, their land, its colour etc.)

iii) Demonstrative: this, that, these and those

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Gerund and its uses 

Generally, a gerund is a non-finite verb and it is the form of the verb which ends in – ing and has the force of a Noun and a Verb.

সাধারনত Gerund হলো verb + ing যেটি Noun এবং verb এর কাজ করে।  তাই একে Double Parts of Speech বলা হয়।

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Moral Degradation of Young Generation Paragraph

               Moral Degradation of Young Generation

At present Moral Degradation of young generation is a great concern for the whole world. Generally, morality means honesty of character, fairness in attitude, absence of evils like hatred, jealously, greed, telling lies, etc. It plays a vital role in our day to day life. However, these moral values are slowly diminishing over the years, as most of the younger generations are gradually disregarding these ethics. In the past, moral values and graciousness were prominent in most teenagers. Majority of the youths then learnt respect, courtesy, consideration, decency, propriety, honesty and righteousness from a young age. But today most of our young generations spend more time on their phone, gossiping, operating Facebook Continue reading

Traffic Education Paragraph

                                             Traffic Education

Traffic education is related with traffic and roads and it means learning different rules and regulations for handling traffics on roads or different situations, expected or unexpected, to drive a vehicle on the roads or highways. It teaches us the behaviour that is related to road safety. Such type of education helps us to know the traffic rules and regulation in a clear and simple way. The goal of this education is to learn traffic safety which includes the methods and measures for reducing the risks of road accidents. It is really a very Continue reading

A Paragraph on Nelson Mandela

                                                                   Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela, a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist, was born on July 18, 1918 at Mvezo, South Africa. He was the first person in his family to attend the school and he also did well in school. Then he went to graduate from college and attend law school at University of the Witwatersrand. By 1942, he was involved in political causes. He guided South Africa from the shackles of apartheid to a multi-racial democracy, as an icon of peace and reconciliation who came to embody the Continue reading

Seen Passage May Day

Read the text and answer the following questions below.

May Day or International Workers Day is observed on May 1 all over the world today to commemorate the historical struggle and sacrifices of the working people to establish an eight-hour workday. It is a public holiday in almost all the countries of the world. Since the Industrial Revolution in the 18th and 19th centuries in Europe and the US, the workers in mills and factories had been working a long shift, fourteen or even more hours a day. On May 1st in 1886, inspired by the trade unions, half of the workers at the Continue reading

Aristotle’s Method of Teaching

Aristotle’s Method of Teaching

Aristotle suggested inductive and deductive methods of teaching. He was the first to formulate the logic of these procedures. Aristotle applied these methods both for the objective and subjective studies: It is in this respect that he is considered as the father of modern sciences.

Every social activity should have specific aims and objectives. There are also some basic aims and objectives of education. Education changes as per the changing needs within the society the aims and objectives also changes time to time in the same society.

Aristotle’s Aim of Education

Aristotle’s Aim of Education

His view about the aim of education was different from that of his predecessors Socrates and Plato. He believed in the purposefulness of education. According to Socrates and Plato, the aim of education is to attain knowledge‘. Continue reading